DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY

2007 - 2008

Materials arranged chronologically.

Lipton, Eric. "C.I.A. Veteran Races Time to Rescue Fledgling Agency." New York Times, 16 Feb. 2007. [http://www.nytimes.com]

Charles E. Allen, who heads DHS's intelligence unit, "has taken on ... a job that virtually no one else wanted, to rescue a fledging intelligence operation that gets little respect and assumes a role doubters say is not even necessary." As he encounters opposition both outside and inside the DHS, "[s]ome of Mr. Allen’s friends believe his task is almost hopeless."

Hudson, Audrey. "Homeland Security Revives Supersnoop." Washington Times, 8 Mar. 2007. [http://www.washingtontimes.com]

"Homeland Security officials are testing a supersnoop computer system [called ADVISE -- Analysis, Dissemination, Visualization, Insight and Semantic Enhancement] that sifts through personal information on U.S. citizens to detect possible terrorist attacks, prompting concerns from lawmakers who have called for investigations. The system uses the same data-mining process that was developed by the Pentagon's Total Information Awareness (TIA) project that was banned by Congress in 2003 because of vast privacy violations."

Studeman, Michael W. "Strengthening the Shield: U.S. Homeland Security Intelligence." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 20, no. 2 (Summer 2007): 195-216.

The author details the organizational structure and missions of DHS's Office of Intelligence and Analysis and the other department components with intelligence functions (Coast Guard, Customs and Border Protection, Secret Service, Transportation Security Administration, Federal Air Marshal Service, Immigration and Customs Inforcement, Federal Protective Service, and Citizenship and Immigration Services).

Block, Robert. "U.S. to Expand Domestic Use of Spy Satellites." Wall Street Journal, 15 Aug. 2007, A1. [http://online.wsj.com]

A May 2007 decision by DNI Michael McConnell "greatly expanded the range of federal and local authorities who can get access to information" from U.S. spy satellites. A memo to Secretary Michael Chertoff asked DHS "to facilitate access to the spy network on behalf of civilian agencies and law enforcement." DHS chief intelligence officer Charles Allen "will be in charge of the new program."

U.S. Department of Homeland Security. "Fact Sheet: National Applications Office." 15 Aug. 2007. [http://www.dhs.gov]

The DHS' "National Applications Office (NAO) is the executive agent to facilitate the use of intelligence community technological assets for civil, homeland security and law enforcement purposes within the United States. The office ... build[s] on the long-standing work of the Civil Applications Committee, which was created in 1974 to facilitate the use of the capabilities of the intelligence community for civil, non-defense uses in the United States."

Pick, Stephen, and Pete Peterson. "Analysts in Intelligence Tradecraft: DHS Department-Wide Training for Homeland Security." American Intelligence Journal 25, no. 1 (Summer 2007): 18-20. Reprinted in IAFIE News 1, no. 2 (Winter 2008): 4-5.

"The Office of Intelligence Analysis (I&A), headed by Assistant Secretary Charles Allen, is creating a series of training and development courses for new and experienced Homeland Security Analysts across the DHS Intelligence Enterprise."

Rollins, John. Fusion Centers: Issues and Options for Congress. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 18 Jan. 2008. Available at: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/intel/RL34070.pdf.

"Although elements of the information and intelligence fusion function were conducted prior to 9/11, often at state police criminal intelligence bureaus, the events of 9/11 provided the primary catalyst for the formal establishment of more than 40 state, local, and regional fusion centers across the country."

[Allen, Charles.] "Remarks by Charles Allen, Undersecretary for Intelligence and Analysis, Department of Homeland Security, 13 February 2008." CIRA Newsletter 33, no. 1 (Spring 2008): 3-9.

"We did not have an intelligence architecture when I arrived [at DHS] and that's where I've spent most of my effort over the last two years: defining that architecture and then building an intelligence cadre that can respond to and prepare the kind of products the Department and all its operating components need."

Abramowitz, Michael, and Carrie Johnson. "Bush Fills Key Posts In Homeland Security." Washington Post, 20 Mar. 2008, A13. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

On 19 March 2008, President Bush named "veteran prosecutor Kenneth L. Wainstein to serve as his White House homeland security adviser." Wainstein will be "responsible for coordinating counterterrorism and homeland security efforts throughout the government. He will chair the Homeland Security Council, a counterpart to the National Security Council."

The President also "named Michael E. Leiter to be director of the National Counterterrorism Center, the principal intelligence organization for analyzing terrorist threats and conducting operational planning for counterterrorism efforts. Leiter, previously the center's deputy director, has been serving as the acting director since his predecessor, John Scott Redd, resigned last fall."

Office of the Director of National Intelligence, Public Affairs Office. "Second National Fusion Center Conference Held to Foster Greater Collaboration." Washington, DC: 20 Mar. 2008. Available at: http://www.dni.gov/press_releases/20080320_release.pdf.

The second annual National Fusion Center Conference was held 18-20 March 2008 in San Francisco. It was attended by more than 900 federal, state, and local law enforcement and homeland security officials. "Participants discussed how to best incorporate fusion centers at the state level and in major urban areas into national plans to improve the sharing of information related to terrorism.... [T]here are more than 50 operational centers in 46 states."

O'Harrow, Robert, Jr. "Centers Tap Into Personal Databases: State Groups Were Formed After 9/11." Washington Post, 2 Apr. 2008, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

According to a document obtained by the Washington Post, state-run intelligence centers, known as fusion centers, "have access to personal information about millions of Americans, including unlisted cellphone numbers, insurance claims, driver's license photographs and credit reports.... Government watchdogs, along with some police and intelligence officials, said they worry that the fusion centers do not have enough oversight and are not open enough with the public, in part because they operate under various state rules."

Seifert, Jeffrey W. Data Mining and Homeland Security: An Overview. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, Updated 3 Apr. 2008. Available at: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/homesec/RL31798.pdf.

"Data mining is becoming increasingly common in both the private and public sectors.... However, some of the homeland security data mining applications represent a significant expansion in the quantity and scope of data to be analyzed.... Questions that may be considered include the degree to which government agencies should use and mix commercial data with government data, whether data sources are being used for purposes other than those for which they were originally designed, and possible application of the Privacy Act to these initiatives. It is anticipated that congressional oversight of data mining projects will grow as data mining efforts continue to evolve."

Hobart, Paul Milton [pseud.]. "Domestic Intelligence: Functions and Forms." American Intelligence Journal 26, no. 1 (Summer 2008): 8-17.

"Our policy and procedural base (and the legal foundation for our action) lags the progress we have made in sensory and analytic capabilities. Moreover, current policies do not take into account the growing interaction and collaboration between the national intelligence, security, and law enforcement elements and emergency response structure of the Federal government (including the U.S. military), and emerging cooperation and exchange of information among federal and state, tribal, local, major city and private sector authorities."

[Allen, Charles E.] "[Prepared remarks:] Testimony of Charles E. Allen before the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Homeland Security, Subcommittee on Intelligence, Information Sharing and Terrorism Risk Assessment." Washington, DC: Department of Homeland Security Press Release, 24 Sep. 2008. [http://www.dhs.gov/xnews/testimony/testimony_1222268051417.shtm]

"My task as Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis and the Chief Intelligence Officer for the Department has been to lead the effort to develop the vision for, design the architecture of, and implement a comprehensive homeland security intelligence program that is fully integrated into the traditional Intelligence Community but which equally reaches out to new, essential partners at all levels of government and within the private sector."

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