COVERT ACTION

Africa

Angola

Bridgland, Fred. Jonas Savimbi: A Key to Africa. New York: Paragon, 1987.

http://www.cloakanddagger.com/dagger: "More than a biography of Savimbi, this work vividly chronicles the changing social and political face of Africa."

Davis, Nathaniel. "The Angola Decision of 1975: A Personal Memoir." Foreign Affairs 57, no. 1 (Fall 1978): 109-124.

Former Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs.

Drachman, Edward R., and Alan Shank. Presidents and Foreign Policy: Countdown to Ten Controversial Decisions. Ithaca, NY: SUNY Press, 1997.

Clark comment: The authors offer a case study of one major decision for each president from Truman to Clinton. It is possible to argue that there are better potential cases for each president than the ones selected for study, but those chosen are interestingly fitted into the authors' novel countdown approach. The cases presented include Chapter 6 on Ford's decision to intervene in Angola.

Larson, APSR 92.1, appreciates the authors' efforts to "present more objective criteria" than is normally the case in decision-making evaluation. Their evaluation scheme "seems plausible and reasonable on the face," but "it does not always work well when applied to specific cases." Nevertheless, "the case studies are well researched, concise, and provocative."

Minter, William, ed. Operation Timber: Pages from the Savimbi Dossier. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, Inc., 1988.

Chambers: "Extracts from official files."

Shultz, Richard H., Jr. The Soviet Union and Revolutionary Warfare: Principles, Practices, and Regional Comparisons. Stanford, CA: Hoover Institution Press, 1988.

Valcourt, IJI&C 3.1, says that this book "breaks relatively new ground." The author seeks "to show ... that Soviet support of so-called 'wars of national liberation' is part of an evolving process." Shultz concludes that "the Soviet Union had no coherent plan to conquer the world, nor any significant revolutionary ideology to offer as unification to those waging guerrilla or political warfare." The book presents four cases: Vietnam, the PLO, Angola, and Central America, particularly Nicaragua. The author has undertaken a "comprehensive review of how Soviet newspapers and journals report and interpret that country's international involvements." The writing style is "dry and soporific."

Stockwell, John. In Search of Enemies: A CIA Story. New York: Norton, 1979.

Pforzheimer identifies this book as an attack on the CIA -- particularly the clandestine services -- by a disaffected former case officer who headed the CIA's Angola Task Force in 1975-1976. Constantinides sees Stockwell providing a view of the CIA's "personnel, administration, and mental outlook that stemmed from first-hand experience." The book's allegations were overshadowed by the legal wrangling surrounding his failure to submit the book for the CIA's prepublication review.

To Blum, NameBase, the book "chronicles the political evolution of a CIA officer that culminated in his resignation from the Agency.... The book deals primarily with Angola and is most instructive about the world of mercenaries and about Joseph Mobutu, the notoriously unscrupulous leader of Zaire and CIA comrade-in-arms."

Walters, Ronald W. "The Clark Amendment: Analysis of U.S. Policy Choices in Angola." Black Scholar: Journal of Black Studies and Research 12, no. 4 (Jul.-Aug. 1981): 2-12.

Calder identifies this article as a Black perspective on Angola and the U.S. intervention there.

Weissman, Stephen R. "CIA Covert Action in Zaire and Angola: Patterns and Consequences." Political Science Quarterly 94, no 2 (Summer 1979): 263- 286.

Lowenthal finds this article useful "for showing the wide range" that CIA covert actions can take. The author argues that the type of covert operations seen in Africa were pretty much the same as those being used elsewhere in the world.

Windrich, Elaine. The Cold War Guerrilla: Jonas Savimbi, the U.S. Media and the Angolan War. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1992.

From advertisement: "This is the first book on U.S. policy in Angola during the 1980s. Windrich shows how the Reagan administration led the U.S. media to inflate the importance of Jonas Savimbi as a 'freedom fighter' and to intensify the civil war in Angola."

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