AMERICAN CIVIL WAR

Union

General

J - Z

See "George H. Sharpe: Grant's Intelligence Chief in the East" at the Huachuca History Program under "Masters of the Intelligence Art": http://huachuca-www.army.mil/History/html/SiteMap.html.

Johns, George S. Philip Henson, the Southern Union Spy. St. Louis, MO: Private Printing, 1987. [Petersen]

Kerbey, Joseph O.

1. The Boy Spy: A Substantially True Record of Secret Service During the War of the Rebellion. Chicago: American Mutual Library Association, 1889. Chicago: Donahue, Henneberry, 1892.

Fishel notes that the phrase "substantially true" in the subtitle "makes this book of fictions and occasional facts unique among Civil War espionage memoirs in its admission that some of its stories might be slightly embellished." (p. 603, fn. 15)

2. Further Adventures of the Boy Spy in Dixie. Washington, DC: National Tribune, 1898.

Lubet, Steven. John Brown's Spy: The Adventurous Life and Tragic Confession of John E. Cook. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2012.

For Goulden, Washington Lawyer, Jul.-Aug. 2013, this "is a sprightly -- and often spicy -- portrait of Cook." Rothera, H-CivWar (Oct. 2013), notes that the author "forcefully argues in favor of studying the raiders to learn more about the men who joined Brown and to move beyond sanitized depictions. Overall, this is a well-written book that will appeal to both a scholarly and popular audience, although ... Lubet errs in placing too much responsibility for the 'death' of Southern unionism on John Brown."

Milton, David Hepburn. Lincoln's Spymaster: Thomas Haines Dudley and the Liverpool Network. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole, 2003.

Seamon, Proceedings 129.9 (Sep. 2003), comments that Dudley, the U.S. consul in Liverpool, "seems to have worked almost 24 hours a day setting up an efficient spy network to keep tabs on Confederate efforts to acquire warships from British shipyards." Also, through his pamphlets and speeches, "Dudley had remarkable success in keeping the British working class firmly on the side of the Union." To Williams, Civil War Book Review [http://www.cwbr.com], this is an "engrossing, well-written story"; the author's "finely crafted work reads like a story of intrigue and deception as much as a historical text."

Mogelever, Jacob. Death to Traitors: The Story of General Lafayette C. Baker, Lincoln's Forgotten Secret Service Chief. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1960. [Petersen]

Newcome, Louis A. Lincoln's Boy Spy. New York: Putnam, 1929

Petersen: "Autobiography."

Owsley, Harriet C. "Henry Shelton Sanford and Federal Surveillance Abroad, 1861-1865." Mississippi Valley Historical Review 48, no. 2 (Sep. 1961): 211-228.

In 1861, Sanford "was appointed minister resident to Belgium.... One of Sanford's principal assignments ... was to prevent Confederate agents in Europe from obtaining warships, arms, munitions, and other supplies.... Sanford's principal method of countering the Confederates was to gather information on activities of theirs that violated the neutrality of the countries involved, and turn it over to the respective governments. His activities seriously damaged Confederate supply lines." O'Toole, Encyclopedia, pp. 401-402.

Patrick, Marsena L. Ed., David S. Sparks. Inside Lincoln's Army: The Diary of Marsena Rudolph Patrick. New York: Thomas Yoseloff, 1964.

See also, David S. Sparks, "General Patrick's Progress: Intelligence and Security in the Army of the Potomac," Civil War History 10, no. 4 (Dec. 1964): 371-384.

Perkins, Jacob R. Trails, Rails and the War: The Life of General Grenville M. Dodge. Indianapolis, IN: Bobbs-Merrill, 1929.

Petersen identifies Dodge as a "Union general in the west skillful in intelligence and counterintelligence operations" and an "[i]mportant Union intelligence figure in the west." See "Grenville M. Dodge: Grant's Intelligence Chief in the West" at the Huachuca History Program under "Masters of the Intelligence Art": http://www.huachuca.army.mil/sites/History/PDFS/MDODGE.PDF. See also, Stanley P. Hirshon, Grenville M. Dodge: Soldier, Politician, Railroad Pioneer (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1967).

Richardson, Albert D. Secret Service: The Field, the Dungeon and the Escape. Hartford, CT: American, 1865. [http://carlisle-www.army.mil/usamhi/refBibs/intell/civwar.htm]

Rose, P.K. [Pseud., Kenneth A. Daigler] "The Civil War: Black American Contributions to Union Intelligence." Studies in Intelligence (Winter 1998-1999): 73-80.

"[I]ntelligence on Confederate forces provided by Negroes ... represented the single most prolific and productive category of intelligence obtained and acted on by Union forces throughout the Civil War."

Roth, Mark. "Secrets of a Union Spy." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, 3 May 1998, G1, G10-11.

The writer relates some of the exploits of Archibald Hamilton Rowland, Jr., who served with Gen. Philip Sheridan's "scouts." The scouts served in "dual roles as cavalry soldiers and skilled undercover spies."

Schmidt, C.T. "G-2, Army of the Potomac." Military Review 28, no. 4 (Jul. 1948): 45-56. [Petersen]

Sears, Stephen W. "The Last Word on the Lost Order." MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History 4, no. 3 (Spring 1992): 66-73.

Smith, Henry Bascom. Between the Lines: Secret Service Stories Told Fifty Years After. New York: Booz Brothers, 1911.

Smith was Chief of Detectives and Assistant Provost Marshal with Lew Wallace.

Sparks, David S. "General Patrick's Progress: Intelligence and Security in the Army of the Potomac." Civil War History 10, no. 4 (Dec. 1964): 371-384.

On 6 October 1862, McClellan appointed Brig. Gen. Marsena Patrick provost marshal general of the Army of the Potomac, "giving him broad authority and the responsibility for the security of the army." Initial duties were as the army's chief of police, but some of his duties would "lead him into intelligence work under McClellan's successors." Hooker had Patrick create a "secret service" for the army, independent of Lafayette Baker's organization in Washington. The new Bureau of Military Information focused on "producing combat intelligence" but also engaged in counterintelligence work. The bureau languished under Meade, but was reactivated when Grant decide to make his headquarters in the field with the army. "Patrick was in the thick of things" as Grant's offensive got under way. After the fall of Richmond, he was put in charge of restoring order to the former Confederate capital. He was finally relieved to return home on 9 June 1865.

See also, Marsena L. Patrick, ed. David S. Sparks, Inside Lincoln's Army: The Diary of Marsena Rudolph Patrick (New York: Thomas Yoseloff, 1964).

Starr, Barbara, and Bill Mears. "Slave in Jefferson Davis' Home Gave Union Key Secrets." CNN, 20 Feb. 2009. [http://www.cnn.com/2009/US/02/20/spy.slaves/index.html]

"William Jackson was a slave in the home of Confederate president Jefferson Davis during the Civil War. It turns out he was also a spy for the Union Army, providing key secrets to the North about the Confederacy." The report quotes Kenneth Daigler (here misspelled as Dagler) of the CIA's Center for the Study of Intelligence and mentions Robert Smalls and Harriet Tubman as among "hundreds" who aided the Union during the war.

Temple, Wayne C. "A Signal Officer with Grant: The Letters of Captain Charles L. Davis." Civil War History 7, no. 4 (Dec. 1961): 428-437.

Calder: In 1965, Davis "was General Grant's Chief Signal Officer of the Army of the Potomac."

Wubben, H.H. "The Maintenance of Internal Security in Iowa, 1861-1865." Civil War History 10, no. 4 (Dec. 1964): 401-415.

Security concerns to state officials included the southern border countries with Missouri and the state's vocal Copperhead minority. "Iowa's officialdom and its loyalist citizens consistently exaggerated both threats."

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