F - Z

Foreman, Amanda. A World on Fire: Britain's Crucial Role in the American Civil War. New York: Random House, 2011. A World on Fire: An Epic History of Two Nations Divided. London: Allen Lane/Penguin, 2011.

Mead, FA 90.5 (Sep.-Oct. 2011), finds the author's "instructive history of the American Civil War from the perspective of the United Kingdom" to be "a fascinating addition to the literature on the war." For Goulden, Washington Times, 20 Jun. 2011, and Intelligencer 18.3 (Summer-Fall 2011), this work "is massive but never boring." The author "is one of the more exciting historians I have encountered in years.... [S]he is a historian who views the tragedy of the war with objectivity, and whose narrative contains a valuable commentary on the Civil War as seen through non-American eyes."

To Wheatcroft, NYT, 30 Jun. 2011, "this thoroughly researched and well-written but exceedingly long book" has "one drawback": "The presence of so many Englishmen means that Foreman can too easily slip away from 'Britain's crucial role' to a general history of the war and its every battle." Gallagher, Washington Post, 1 Jul. 2011, comments that "Foreman is largely unconcerned with arcane scholarly debates, writing for an audience of non-specialists drawn to engrossing accounts of major historical events." Her "descriptive gifts show especially well in bringing vividly to life the political and diplomatic worlds of Washington and London."

David, Literary Review, Nov. 2010, says that this work "is nothing less than a tour de force.... At 800 pages this is not a short book, yet the pace never flags as Foreman moves the narrative effortlessly from the killing fields of Antietam to the drawing rooms of London." This is "a significant contribution to the historiography of one of the most written about wars." Burlingame, Wall Street Journal, 25 Jun. 2011, calls this work "well-researched and highly readable.... Foreman does not confine herself to often-chronicled incidents of politics and diplomacy; her scope is broader and her cast of characters much larger."

For McPherson, NYRB, 14 Jul. 2011, "[t]he contribution of A World on Fire lies in its richness of description, vivid writing, and focus on individual personalities, including not only public officials but also (mostly on the British side) a wide variety" of individuals. "Some two hundred people figure with varying degrees of prominence in Foreman's story." Cate, Parameters 42.1 (Spring 2012), says that Foreman "provides an absorbing account of the often neglected British dimension of our sectional struggle." This book is "[d]eftly written and lavishly illustrated with contemporary Punch cartoons and drawings from American and British newspapers."

Foster, G. Allen. The Eyes and Ears of the Civil War. New York: Criterion, 1963. [Petersen]

Freese, Jacob R. Secrets of the Late Rebellion. Philadelphia: Crombargar, 1882.

"At the outbreak of war, Freese ... was named Assistant Adjutant General to Gen. William R. Montgomery, First New Jersey Regiment of Volunteers. When Montgomery was named Military Governor of Alexandria, Virginia, Freese was appointed Provost Judge. His harsh manner of imposing military law ... earned the tribunal the name 'Judge Freese's Bayonet Court.'" Sayle, "Nuggets from Intelligence History," IJI&C 1.2 (1986), fn. 3.

Constantinides comments that Freese's book focuses on "covert efforts of the Confederates to establish land supply lines to the South.... Laid out are routes of these lines and names of lookouts, river crossers, safe-house keepers, and providers of transports. So are a number of operations."

Greene, Charles S. Thrilling Stories of the Great Rebellion: Comprising Heroic Adventures and Hairbreadth Escapes of Soldiers, Scouts, Spies and Refugees; Daring Exploits of Smugglers. Guerrillas, Desperados and Others; Tales of Loyal and Disloyal Women; Stories of the Negro, etc., etc. Philadelphia: John E. Potter, 1864.

Hageman, Mark C. "Espionage in the Civil War." Signal Corps Association (1860 to 1865) at: http://www.civilwarsignals.org/pages/spy/spy.html.

Confederacy: Thomas Jordan, Rose O'Neal Greenhow, Thomas N. Conrad, J. Franklin Stringfellow, William Norris, Belle Boyd, James Harrison, John S. Mosby, Turner Ashby, Harry Gilmor, Jerome Clarke, Sam Davis.

Union: Allan Pinkerton, Timothy Webster, Elizabeth Van Lew, Lafayette C. Baker, Sarah Emma Edmonds, Pauline Cushman, William A. Lloyd, Thomas Boyd, Henry Young, George H. Sharpe, James J. Andrews.

Harlow, Alvin F. Brass-Pounders, Young Telegraphers of the Civil War. Denver: Sage, 1962. [http://carlisle-www.army.mil/usamhi/RefBibs/intell/crypto.htm]

Hazelton, Joseph Powers [Captain]. Scouts, Spies, and Heroes of the Great Civil War. Including Thrilling Adventures, Daring Deeds, Heroic Exploits, Wonderful Escapes of Spies, Scouts, and Detectives, with Songs, Ballads, Anecdotes, Witty Sayings, Watchwords, Battle-Cries, and Humorous and Pathetic Incidents of the War. Jersey City, NJ: Star Publishing, 1892.

Hoogenboom, Ari. "Spy & Topog Duty Has Been . . . Neglected." Civil War History 10, no. 4 (Dec. 1964): 368-370.

The author notes the deficiencies of maps available to both Union and Confederate generals. "The condition of Civil War maps reflects the [negative] attitude of prewar army officers toward the topographical service." The "most vocal and persistent critic" was Braxton Bragg. Hoogenboom cites from a 1844 series of articles by Bragg and a 1851 letter to his brother, an Alabama congressman.

Humphreys, David. Heroes and Spies of the Civil War. New York: Neale, 1903. [http://carlisle-www.army.mil/usamhi/refBibs/intell/civwar.htm]

Kane, Harnett T. Spies for the Blue and Gray. Garden City, NY: Hanover House, 1954.

King, Charles, et al. The Photographic History of the Civil War. Vol IV. Soldier Life and Secret Service, Prisons and Hospitals. Secaucus, NJ: Blue & Gray Press, 1987.

See Miller, Francis Tevelyan, ed. Soldier Life and the Secret Service. Vol. 8, The Photographic History of the Civil War. New York: A.S. Barnes, 1911. [Reprinted] New York: Castle Books, 1957.

Klement, Frank L. Dark Lanterns: Secret Political Societies, Conspiracies, and Treason Trials in the Civil War. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1984.

Markle, Donald E. Spies and Spy Masters of the Civil War. New York: Hippocrene, 1994. 1995 [pb]. Rev. & exp. ed. New York: Hippocrene, 2004.

According to Surveillant 3.4/5, this is "one of the most comprehensive treatments of Civil War spies..., covering the entire history of the war and the espionage activities by both Union and Confederate spies." Surveillant 4.4/5 adds that Markle gives "special focus" to women spies, and includes an appendix listing 432 Civil War spies. Acknowledging the 2004 edition, Kruh, Cryptologia 30.3 (Jul.-Sep. 2006), notes that the author has added several new chapters to this "comprehensive guide" to Civil War espionage on both sides.

Miller, Francis Tevelyan, ed. Soldier Life and the Secret Service. Vol. 8, The Photographic History of the Civil War. New York: A.S. Barnes, 1911. [Reprinted] New York: Castle Books, 1957.

See King, above.

Stern, Philip Van Doren. Secret Missions of the Civil War: First-Hand Accounts by Men and Women Who Risked Their Lives in Underground Activities for the North and South. Chicago: Rand MacNally. 1959. Avenel, NJ: Wings Books, 1990.

Surveillant 1.2 says this book is comprised of "[f]irst-hand accounts by men and women who participated in covert activities for the Union and Confederacy." For Constantinides, "Stern's great contribution is not in collecting ... these accounts but rather in his commentaries on each one and each year of the war."

Time-Life Books. Editors. The Civil War: Spies, Scouts, and Raiders. Alexandria, VA: Time-Life Books, 1985. [Petersen]

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