CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY

Intelligence Relations with Academe

J - Z

Although located under the broad CIA category, this file includes material on the relationship between academe and the intelligence community generally.

Jaschik, Scott. "If CIA Calls, Should Anthropology Answer?" insidehighered.com, 1 Sep. 2006.

When the CIA "posted some job ads on the American Anthropological Association Web site" and then "tried to have those ads appear in the association's journals, some took them and others turned them down -- amid considerable debate among members. As a result of these discussions, the association has created a special committee that will try to figure out the ethical issues involved with working for national security agencies."

Judd, Stephen G. "The CIA and the University: A Problem of Power." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 6, no. 3 (Fall 1993): 339-358.

Lackey, Douglas. "Military Intelligence and the Universities: A Study of an Ambivalent Relationship." Ethics 96 (Oct. 1985): 223-224.

Magner, Denise K. "At Rochester Institute, a Spectrum of Opinions on Links with the CIA." Chronicle of Higher Education, 10 Jul. 1991, A1, 11, 14.

Controversy erupts on campus over ties between the Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT) and the CIA. RIT President Richard Rose's April-June sabbatical at the CIA seems to have been the spark. The discussion centers around the CIA's role in RIT's program in imaging science. See also, Jean A. Douthwright, "Rochester Institute of Technology: A CIA Subsidiary?" Covert Action Information Bulletin (Fall 1991): 4-9.

May, Ernest. "Studying and Teaching Intelligence: The Importance of Interchange." Studies in Intelligence 38, no. 5 (1995): 1-5.

Mills, Ami Chen. CIA Off Campus: Building the Movement Against Agency Recruitment and Research. Boston: South End Press, 1991.

Mooney, Chris. "For Your Eyes Only: The CIA Will Let You See Classified Documents -- But at What Price?" Lingua Franca, Nov. 2000, 35-43.

"Since the Cold War's end ... the nation's universities and intelligence services have experienced a kind of détente, tied closely to the United States' new global good-guyhood. Today, university watchdogs tend to fret about corporate rather than government tugs on scholarship, and the formerly strong 'CIA Off Campus' organization doesn't even have a Web site....

"In general, academics who have done classified work strenuously protest that their scholarship and teaching remain untainted.... In fact, some scholars say their classified work has made them more critical of the government rather than less so.... Some academics see government ties as producing not servile scholarship but better-informed foreign policy.... [Others are] not convinced that academic assistance promotes a more responsive foreign policy establishment."

Needell, Allan A. "'Truth Is Our Weapon': Project TROY, Political Warfare, and Government-Academic Relations in the National Security State." Diplomatic History 17 (Summer 1993): 399-420.

Nelson, Anna Kasten. "The Unfortunate Exclusion of Scholars from Debate Over the Future of the CIA." Chronicle of Higher Education, 31 Mar. 1995, A44.

Price, David. "The AAA and the CIA?" Anthropology News, Nov. 2000, 13-14.

Documents released under FOIA "establish that the CIA and FBI have monitored activities" within the American Anthropological Association. In addition, "documents from the Association's archives establish that, in the 1950s, the AAA entered into a series of covert relationships with the CIA. One of these relationships involved working to establish a liaison position between the Association and CIA. Another involved the Executive Board agreeing to secretly give the CIA a cross-indexed roster of the Association's membership detailing individuals' backgrounds and areas of expertise."

Radosh, Ronald. "The Teacher as Scholar-Spy: The CIA and the Academy." Change 8, no. 7 (Aug. 1976): 38-42, 64.

Wants to keep the CIA as far away as possible from college/university campuses.

Rubin, Amy Magaro. "National Security Education Program Changes Controversial Service Requirement." Chronicle of Higher Education, 4 Oct. 1996, A30.

Simpson, Christopher. Science of Coercion: Communication Research and Psychological Warfare, 1945-1960. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1994. 1995. [pb]

Trumpbour, John. "Harvard in Service to the National Security State." Covert Action Information Bulletin, Fall 1991, 12-16.

Although much of the focus here is on Harvard, the following quote tells sufficient about the thrust of the article: "The aftermath of World War II and attainment of the permanent war economy represented the triumph of those who envisioned the university as a service station for the national security state."

Watson, Bruce W., and Peter M. Dunn, eds. Military Intelligence at the Universities: A Study of an Ambivalent Relationship. Boulder, CO: Westview, 1984.

See review by Simon, Science, Technology, & Human Values 10.2 (1985).

Westerfield, H. Bradford. "Bans on Faculty-CIA Links May Endanger Academic and Personal Freedom." Chronicle of Higher Education, 7 Sep. 1988, A44.

Westerfield's argument is simple: "academics have a legitimate right to privacy and the freedom to engage in outside activities that have no adverse impact on the performance of their professional roles."

Witanek, Robert. "Students, Scholars, and Spies: The CIA on Campus." Covert Action Information Bulletin, Winter 1989, 25-28.

"Professors and CIA operatives with academic cover have worked extensively on campuses around the world.... [T]hey have written books, articles, and reports for U.S. consumption with secret CIA sponsorship and censorship; they have spied on foreign nationals at home and abroad; they have regularly recruited foreign and U.S. students and faculty for the CIA; they have hosted conferences with secret CIA backing under scholarly cover, promoting disinformation; and they have collected data, under the rubric of research, on Third World liberation and other movements opposed to U.S. intervention."

Yachnin, Jennifer. “Cap & Dagger.” Chronicle of Higher Education, 18 May 2001, A8.

Some 30 professors at Wittenberg University wore white armbands at the school’s graduation ceremony. The target of the protest was John E. McLaughlin, the CIA’s deputy director and a 1964 graduate of Wittenberg. “The protesting professors … contend that allowing Mr. McLaughlin to speak is essentially an endorsement of the C.I.A.”

Zwerling, Philip, ed. The CIA on Campus: Essays on Academic Freedom and the National Security State. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2011.

Peake, Studies 56.1 (Mar. 2012), notes that the material collected in this volume "is not new, and the authors' interpretations of their data are dubious."

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