Directors of Central Intelligence

Allen Welsh Dulles (1893-1969)

DCI, 26 Feb. 1953-29 Nov. 1961

Material on Dulles

P - Z

Petersen, Neal H., ed. From Hitler's Doorstep: The Wartime Intelligence Reports of Allen Dulles, 1942-1945. University Park, PA: Penn State Press, 1996.

Macartney, Intelligencer 8.1, believes that this compendium "will prove to be a boon to World War II historians." He suggests that it be read in conjunction with Heideking and Mauch, eds., American Intelligence and the German Resistance to Hitler: A Documentary History (1996). The reviewer for Virginia Quarterly Review 73.1 comments that "Petersen has carefully and careingly edited the radioteletype and telegraph messages to present a detailed picture of American intelligence gathering in its early days. Petersen also provides a most helpful introduction."

Phillips, Cabell. "Mr. Dulles of the Silent Service." New York Times Magazine, 29 Mar. 1953, 12 ff. [Petersen]

Phillips, David Atlee. "The Great White Case Officer." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 1, no. 1 (Spring 1986): 97-102.

Fond -- and fanciful -- remembrance of Allen Dulles, written by the former chief of CIA Latin American operations.

Powers, Thomas. "The Founding Father." New York Review of Books, 1 Dec. 1994. Chapter 3 in Intelligence Wars: American Secret History from Hitler to Al-Qaeda, 45-57. Rev. & exp. ed. New York: New York Review of Books, 2004.

Reviewing Grose's Gentleman Spy: The Life of Allen Dulles (1994), Powers comments that "Dulles was not the first director of the Central Intelligence Agency, or the best, certainly not the wisest, or even the most aggressive,... [but] he was without question the most important director of the CIA in its first half century.... Allen Dulles did for American intelligence what John Paul Jones did for the American Navy."

Princeton University. Staff. "Dulles Papers Released by CIA to Princeton Are Now Online." News@Princeton, 23 Jan. 2008. [http://www.princeton.edu]

"The Central Intelligence Agency has released to Princeton University some 7,800 documents covering the career of Allen W. Dulles,... which now can be viewed online.... The Allen W. Dulles Digital Files released to Princeton contain scanned images of professional correspondence, reports, lectures and administrative papers covering Dulles' tenure with the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) ... as well as his career with the CIA and his retirement. The CIA culled these documents from Dulles' home office, and the agency maintains the originals."

See "Allen W. Dulles Papers: Digital Files Series, 1939-1977: Finding Aid" at: http://diglib.princeton.edu/ead/eadGetDoc.xq?id=/ead/mudd/publicpolicy/MC019.09.EAD.xml. The page with the "Finding Aid" notes: "Items relating to Dulles' time with the CIA have been heavily redacted, obscuring the names of correspondents as well as individuals and events mentioned in reports and letters, greatly reducing the research potential of these materials. "

Salter, Michael. "Intelligence Agencies and War Crimes Prosecution: Allen Dulles's Involvement in Witness Testimony at Nuremberg." Journal of International Criminal Justice 2 (2004): 826-854.

Sewell, Bevan. "The Pragmatic Face of the Covert Idealist: The Role of Allen Dulles in US Policy Discussions on Latin America, 1953–61." Intelligence and National Security 26, no. 2 & 3 (Apr.-Jun. 2011): 269-290.

From Abstract: The author suggests that Dulles was "an active and rational participant" in the Eisenhower administration's discussions on Latin America. This "raises important questions for our understanding of the CIA's role during the Eisenhower era."

Smith, Bradley F., and Elena Agarossi. Operation Sunrise: The Secret Surrender. New York: Basic, 1979. London: André Deutsch, 1979.

Constantinides calls this a "scholarly history" of the Allied effort to secure the surrender of German forces in Italy. The authors "go too far at times" in seeking to revise the view of Allen Dulles' role in the surrender negotiations, especially in suggesting that Dulles had accomplished nothing in OSS up to this time. See Dulles, The Secret Surrender (1966), for Dulles' firsthand account of Operation Sunrise.

Srodes, James. Allen Dulles: Master of Spies. Washington, DC: Regnery, 1999.

Stein, Washington Post, 20 Jun. 1999, suggests that this is a story "that now has been told many times, unfortunately for James Srodes." In a similar vein, Hochschild, Times Literary Supplement, 17 Sep. 1999, suggests that the reason for a new biography of Dulles is that the author "apparently thinks Dulles deserves a more admiring view" than was given in Peter Grose's Gentleman Spy. For Goulden, Intelligencer 10.2, "Srodes' strength is that he grasps what made Mr. Dulles an effective spymaster." The author also "devotes major space to the OSS period, providing a keen insight into the daily activities of a working intelligence officer."

To Ford, IJI&C 13.2, "Srodes points up some weakness and failures," but overall he "generates marked and deserved gratitude for Dulles's many contributions to American life." He is especially good at pointing out that "Dulles had made a lifetime of contributions to United States diplomacy and foreign policy long before he had become DCI.... [And he] renders an excellent treatment of the many episodes of Dulles's incumbency as DCI." Bates, NIPQ, Spring 2000, calls the book "entertaining and easy to read." The narrative of Dulles' service in Bonn "is well done and describes in detail [his] fine espionage tradecraft." Srodes does spend "an inordinate amount of time on the Bay of Pigs fiasco."

Srodes, James. "Allen Dulles's 73 Rules of Spycraft." Intelligencer 17, no. 2 (Fall 2009): 49-55.

Srodes found these among Dulles's personal papers.


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