CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY

Assorted Accusations

Materials Through the 1980s

Agee, Philip. "The American Security Services: Where Do We Go from Here?" Journal of Contemporary Asia 7 (Spring 1977): 251-259.

Ashman, Charles. The CIA-Mafia Link: The Inside Secrets of Assassination. New York: Manor Books, 1975.

Wilcox: "Hostile account of the CIA alleging Mafia, organized crime ties to some CIA projects."

Berman, Jerry J., and Morton H. Halperin, eds. The Abuses of Intelligence Agencies. Washington, DC: Center for National Security Studies, 1975. [Petersen]

Blakey, G. Robert, and Richard Billings. The Plot to Kill the President: Organized Crime Assassinated JFK -- The Definitive Story. New York: Times Books, 1981.

Block, Alan A. "A Modern Marriage of Convenience: A Collaboration between Organized Crime and U.S. Intelligence." In Organized Crime: A Global Perspective, ed. Robert J. Kelly. Totowa, NJ: Rowman & Littlefield, 1986.

Petersen: "Mafia role in security of New York waterfront."

Corson, William R., Susan B. Trento, and Joseph J. Trento. Widows. New York: Crown, 1989.

Petersen says this ia an "[u]nreliable treatment of the [James] Kronthal, Paisley, Shadrin, and Sigler cases," while NameBase comments that "if the names John Paisley (134 pages), Nicholas Shadrin (155 pages), and Ralph Sigler (131 pages) don't mean anything to you, then [this book] might not be useful."

For Naftali, I&NS 6.1, Widows "betrays the hands of some embittered former intelligence officers ... [who] share the conviction that the Soviets had a high-level penetration in the US government in the 1960s and 1970s.... This book should be approached with care.... [T]here is no reason to believe that the authors have got the story right." Bagley, Spy Wars (2007), 299/fn.3, refers to the "basic errors and vacuous speculation" with regard to Shadrin contained in this work.

Garwood, Darrell.

1. American Shadow: The Real Case Against the CIA. Stafford, VA: Dan River Press, 1980.

2. Under Cover: Thirty-five Years of CIA Deception. New York: Grove,1985.

NameBase identifies this as a revision of Garwood's American Shadow. "This new version is better, and two of its best features are the introduction (36 pages) and chronology (9 pages) by Tom Gervasi. Sandwiched between these is Garwood's research and reporting on over a dozen epochs [?] in CIA history. Over half involve foreign exploits and the others concern domestic issues. It is not exhaustive by any means, but is highly readable and ... an excellent introduction to the field....

"Garwood is one of the only writers to deal with the 1955 attempt on Zhou En-lai. 'The strongest possible circumstantial evidence, overwhelming in the light of subsequent discoveries, later left no room for doubt that the agency, working through the Chinese Nationalists, had used a time bomb to blow up and send crashing into the Pacific the Air India passenger plane on which Zhou was scheduled to fly to the Bandung Conference.' Part of this evidence is a memoir ... by John Discoe Smith, published after he defected to the Soviet Union in the early 1960s. In it Smith claims that he was instructed to deliver a package to a KMT agent, which he later discovered had contained the time bomb."

Halperin, Morton H., et al. The Lawless State: The Crimes of the U.S. Intelligence Agencies. New York: Penguin, 1976. 1981.

Hougan, Jim.

1. Secret Agenda: Watergate, Deep Throat, and the CIA. New York: Ballantine, 1985.

Wilcox notes that Hougan "[a]lleges that Watergate was a CIA operation."

2. Spooks: The Haunting of America -- The Private Use of Secret Agents. New York: Morrow, 1978. New York: Bantam Books, 1979. [pb]

NameBase calls Spooks a "ground-breaking investigative survey of parapolitical America, 'Spooks' was one of the first books to report on the privatization of the intelligence function.... Within this general framework, Hougan unearths great chunks of America's 'secret history.' The war between Jimmy Hoffa and the Kennedy family is seen to have had a public and a private side.... Packed with anecdotes, footnotes, and proper names, 'Spooks' is a classic."

Kumar, Satish. CIA and the Third World: A Study in Crypto-Diplomacy. London: Zed, 1981.

Wilcox: "Critical account of CIA activities in the Third World."

Prouty, Fletcher L. The Secret Team: The CIA and Its Allies in Control of the United States and the World. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1973. New York: Ballantine Books, 1974. [pb] JK468I6P76

Clark comment: Prouty is adept at weaving "facts" around conspiracy-theory conjectures to arrive at apocalyptical conclusions. Petersen's non-evaluative description states: "Expose of paramilitary operations by a former DOD liaison officer."

According to NameBase, "Prouty is a retired Air Force colonel who served in the Pentagon from 1955-1963 as the Focal Point liaison officer for Department of Defense support of CIA covert activities. During the Kennedy years his title was Chief, Special Operations Division, Joint Chiefs of Staff.... [H]e has made a persistent case ... that the CIA and other secret elites are out of control. Prouty was portrayed as 'Mr. X' in Oliver Stone's movie 'JFK.'"

Scott, Peter Dale. The CIA, the Mafia, and the Dallas-Watergate Connection. Palo Alto, CA: Ramparts, 1980.

Wilcox: "Fantasy in numerous conspiracy theories."

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