CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY

2010

April - July

Materials presented in chronological order.

Baer, Robert. "A Dagger to the CIA." GQ, Apr. 2010. [http://www.gq.com/news-politics/politics/201004/dagger-to-the-cia]

Clark comment: Baer's analysis of what went wrong for the CIA in Khost on 30 December 2009 says nothing that those who care to listen have not heard before from his and other voices. However, he says it plainer, in more detail, and with such certainty that it is difficult to ignore -- whether he is right or not. It is difficult -- nay, impossible -- for an outsider to differentiate between what could be sour grapes, on the one hand, or insightful commentary, on the other.

"It's impossible to pinpoint exactly when the [field] operatives' sun started to set, but many CIA insiders would point to John Deutch.... From the moment Deutch set foot in Langley, he made it plain that he hated the operatives.... What John Deutch set in motion was the deprofessionalization of the directorate of operations.... The idea that an officer would spend his entire career abroad learning the fundamentals of espionage is incomprehensible to the new CIA....

"If we take Khost as a metaphor for what has happened to the CIA, the deprofessionalization of spying, it's tempting to consider that the agency's time has passed.... [However, t]he United States still needs a civilian intelligence agency. (The military cannot be trusted to oversee all intelligence-gathering on its own.) But the CIA -- and especially the directorate of operations -- must be stripped down to its studs and rebuilt with a renewed sense of mission and purpose. It should start by getting the amateurs out of the field. And then it should impose professional standards of training and experience -- the kind it upheld with great success in the past."

Miller, Greg. "Deputy Director Kappes to Leave CIA." Washington Post, 15 Apr. 2010, A3. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

CIA officials said on 14 April 2010 that CIA Deputy Director Stephen R. Kappes "will retire in May." He will be replaced by Michael J. Morell, curerently Director for Intelligence. Fran Moore will move up from the position of Deputy Director for Intelligence to replace Morell. Text of CIA Director Leon E. Panetta's "Director's Statement: Senior Leadership Changes," 14 Apr. 2010, is available at: https://www.cia.gov/news-information/press-releases-statements/press-release-2010/senior-leadership-changes.html.

Finn, Peter, and Julie Tate. "2005 Destruction of Interrogation Tapes Caused Concern at CIA, E-Mails Show." Washington Post, 16 Apr. 2010, A3. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

Documents "released as part of an ongoing lawsuit brought by the American Civil Liberties Union to obtain government documents on the treatment of detainees" show that "[t]he 2005 destruction of 92 videotapes documenting the harsh interrogation of terrorism suspects at secret CIA prisons immediately prompted concern at agency headquarters that the decision was not adequately cleared and may have been improper."

Baer, Robert. "Why Were CIA Interrogation Tapes Destroyed?" Time, 22 Apr. 2010. [http://www.time.com]

Clark comment: Baer does not answer the question in the article's title. He does, however, ask an even more interesting question:

Why is the CIA "interrogating prisoners of war?" The CIA was established "as a civilian spy agency, not as some Pentagon backroom where you get to do things you don't want the American people to find out about. But more to the point, the military is much better equipped to interrogate prisoners. It has its own interrogation school at Fort Huachuca, not to mention hundreds of language-qualified and experienced interrogators. It also has the Uniform Code of Military Justice to deal with interrogations that have gone bad.... It's not an accident that military misdeeds such as those at Abu Ghraib go right to trial, while CIA investigations drag on for years."

Warrick, Joby, and Peter Finn. "Amid Outrage Over Civilian Deaths in Pakistan, CIA Turns to Smaller Missiles." Washington Post, 26 Apr. 2010, A8. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

According to current and former officials in the United States and Pakistan, "[t]he CIA is using new, smaller missiles and advanced surveillance techniques to minimize civilian casualties in its targeted killings of suspected insurgents in Pakistan's tribal areas.... The agency, using 100-pound Hellfire missiles fired from remotely controlled Predator aircraft, once targeted militants largely in rural settings, but lighter weapons and miniature spy drones have made killings in urban areas more feasible, officials said."

Miller, Greg. "CIA to Station More Analysts Overseas as Part of Its Strategy." Washington Post, 30 Apr. 2010, A18. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"The CIA's overseas expansion since Sept. 11, 2001, has mainly been evident on the operations side." But the agency also has been sending more analysts abroad, "in what officials described as a major shift in how the agency trains and deploys its analysts." The number of analysts overseas "is expected to grow under a plan unveiled this week by CIA Director Leon Panetta. In a speech to the agency workforce, Panetta said there would be 'more co-location of analysts and operators at home and abroad' over the next five years, and that the fusion of the two 'has been key to victories in counterterrorism and counterproliferation.'"

Warrick, Joby. "CIA Honors 12 Officers, Contractors Killed in Action." Washington Post, 8 Jun. 2010. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

On 7 June 2010, the CIA "memorialized 12 agency officers and contractors killed in action." Those honored included Jennifer Lynne Matthews, a mother of three school-age children from Fredericksburg, VA, "who was chief of the CIA base struck by a suicide bomber in eastern Afghanistan" on 30 December. "In keeping with a four-decade tradition, agency Director Leon E. Panetta presided over the formal unveiling of the 12 stars on the CIA Memorial Wall at the entrance to the agency's Langley headquarters, according to those present."

Burns, Robert. "CIA Film Depicts a Failed Cold War Spy Mission." Associated Press, 15 Jun. 2010. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

On 15 June 2010, the CIA "premiered a nonfiction film,... which combines documentary footage and actors re-enacting events." "Extraordinary Fidelity," documents the November 1952 attempt to recover a "Chinese spy who was part of an agent team the CIA had smuggled" into Manchuria several months earlier. The pilots of the unmarked C-47 aircraft, "Robert Snoddy and Norman Schwartz, died. But the two CIA men, John T. Downey and Richard G. Fecteau, survived and were captured, destined to serve two decades in Chinese prisons." See also, Peter Finn, "CIA Offers Its History Lessons in Film." Washington Post, 7 Jul. 2010, B3.

Stein, Jeff. "CIA Hires Xe, Formerly Blackwater, To Guard Facilities in Afghanistan, Elsewhere." Washington Post, 24 Jun. 2010, A11. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

According to an industry source, the CIA has a $100 million contract with Xe Services to "guard its facilities in Afghanistan and elsewhere." CIA spokesman Paul Gimigliano said that "Xe personnel would not be involved in operations."

Associated Press. "NYC Judge Rejects Release of CIA Materials to ACLU." 15 Jul. 2010. [http://www.ap.org]

On 15 July 2010, U.S. District Judge Alvin Hellerstein "refused to force the public release of CIA methods relating to Sept. 11 detainees who were interrogated harshly, saying the judiciary's authority is limited when national security is at stake."

Miller, Greg, and Thomas Erdbrink. "U.S. Paid Iranian Nuclear Scientist $5 Million for Aid to CIA, Officials Say." Washington Post, 15 Jul. 2010, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

According to U.S. officials, Shahram Amiri, the "Iranian nuclear scientist who claimed to have been abducted by the CIA before departing for his homeland" on 14 July 2010, "was paid more than $5 million by the agency to provide intelligence on Iran's nuclear program.... The U.S. official said the payments reflected the value of the information gleaned.... The payments are part of a clandestine CIA program referred to as the 'brain drain.' Its aim is to use incentives to induce scientists and other officials with information on Iran's nuclear program to defect."

Miller, Greg. "CIA Says It Moved Iranian Scientist, 2nd Informant to U.S. over Safety Concerns." Washington Post, 17 Jul. 2010, A6. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

According to current and former U.S. officials, Shahram Amiri "was one of two CIA informants whisked out of Iran last year by the agency amid concerns that the Tehran government had discovered they were providing secrets to the United States." Officials noted that "Amiri was among half a dozen sources who had provided information to the CIA from inside Iran's nuclear program and were subsequently resettled in the United States."

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