September - December

Materials presented in chronological order.

Benson, Pam. "Former CIA Chiefs Call on President to Stop Interrogation Probe." CNN, 18 Sep. 2009. [http://www.cnn.com]

In a letter sent to President Barack Obama on 18 September 2009, former CIA directors John Deutch, Porter Goss, Michael Hayden, James Schlesinger, George Tenet, William Webster, and James Woolsey urged the president "to stop the criminal investigation of people involved in the CIA's harsh interrogations of suspected terrorists."

United Press International. "CIA Opens Center for Climate Change." 28 Sep. 2009. [http://www.upi.com]

CIA Director Leon Panetta has announced plans to create a "Center on Climate Change and National Security to examine the national security impact of environmental issues such as population shifts, rising sea levels and increased competition for natural resources.... The CIA will use the center to coordinate with other members of the intelligence community to review and declassify imagery and other data for use in environmental and climate-related issues."

Haddick, Robert. "The CIA Finds Job Security in Afghanistan." Foreign Policy, 2 Oct. 2009. [http://www.foreignpolicy.com]

On September 20, 2009, the Los Angeles Times reported that "the CIA's head count in Afghanistan will increase to 700, led by increases in paramilitary officers, intelligence analysts, and operatives tracking the behavior of Afghan government officials." All of the options for U.S. policy in Afghanistan share "a requirement for greater CIA participation. Options that have fewer U.S. military forces directly providing security imply more Afghans providing security. This will require greater employment of U.S. liaison officers and advisors from both the U.S. military and the CIA's clandestine service."

Filkins, Dexter, Mark Mazzetti, and James Risen. "Brother of Afghan Leader Is Said to Be on C.I.A. Payroll." New York Times, 28 Oct. 2009. [http://www.nytimes.com]

According to current and former American officials, "Ahmed Wali Karzai, the brother of the Afghan president and a suspected player in the country's booming illegal opium trade, gets regular payments from the Central Intelligence Agency, and has for much of the past eight years.... The agency pays Mr. Karzai for a variety of services, including helping to recruit an Afghan paramilitary force that operates at the C.I.A.'s direction in and around the southern city of Kandahar.... Ahmed Wali Karzai said in an interview that he cooperated with American civilian and military officials, but did not engage in the drug trade and did not receive payments from the C.I.A."

CNN. "Suspected CIA Agents Ordered Jailed in Italy." 4 Nov. 2009. [http://www.cnn.com]

According to Italian media, "[t]wo dozen Americans -- most thought to work for the CIA -- were sentenced to five years in prison [on 4 November 2009] by an Italian court for their role in the seizing" of suspected terrorist Abu Omar in Milan in 2003. They "are not in custody, but the ruling could effectively make them international fugitives.... Cases were dismissed against the man assumed to be the CIA station chief at the time on the grounds that he had diplomatic immunity from prosecution and against the heads of Italy's intelligence service because of state secrecy provisions." See also, Craig Whitlock, "Italy Convicts 23 Americans," Washington Post, 5 Nov. 2009.

Pincus, Walter. "Primacy of CIA Station Chiefs Confirmed, Ending Interagency Row." Washington Post, 13 Nov. 2009. [http:www.washingtonpost.com]

According to U.S. intelligence officials, "[n]ational security adviser [Gen.] James L. Jones has decided that CIA chiefs of station in countries across the world will continue also to represent the office of the director of national intelligence, ending a brief turf battle between the heads of the two spy organizations."

Walter Pincus, "Settling an Intelligence Turf War," Washington Post, 17 Nov. 2009, adds that in addition to his decision that CIA station chiefs will also be the DNI's representatives in other countries, national security adviser Gen. James L. Jones decided that DNI Adm. Dennis C. "Blair will name the intelligence community representative to NSC meetings... On covert actions and their oversight, the CIA would continue to deal directly with the White House but must report oversight findings also to the DNI. And Blair, when requested by the White House, will undertake strategic oversight, meaning the director will evaluate effectiveness on whether the operations meet national policy objectives."

Warrick, Joby. "Blackwater Founder Says He Aided Secret Programs." Washington Post, 3 Dec. 2009. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

In an interview published by Vanity Fair magazine on 2 December 2009, Erik Prince, founder and owner of Blackwater Worldwide (now known as Xe Services), acknowledged that "he had helped the CIA with secret programs targeting top al-Qaeda leaders, a role he says was intended to give the agency 'unattributable capability' in sensitive missions." The magazine said Prince "had served a dual role for the CIA as both a contractor and an 'asset,' or spy, who carried out secret missions as recently as two months ago, when the Obama administration terminated his contract."

Shane, Scott. "C.I.A. Authorized to Expand Use of Drones in Pakistan." New York Times, 4 Dec. 2009. [http://www.nytimes.com]

Officials said this week that President Obama "has authorized an expansion of the C.I.A.'s drone program in Pakistan's lawless tribal areas.... American officials are talking with Pakistan about the possibility of striking in Baluchistan for the first time.... The political consensus in support of the drone program, its antiseptic, high-tech appeal and its secrecy have obscured just how radical it is. For the first time in history, a civilian intelligence agency is using robots to carry out a military mission, selecting people for killing in a country where the United States is not officially at war." American officials say that despite public criticism in Pakistan of the drone attacks, the Pakistan government "privately supplies crucial intelligence, proposes targets and allows the Predators to take off from a base in Baluchistan."

Risen, James, and Mark Mazzetti. "Blackwater Guards Tied to Secret Raids by the C.I.A." New York Times, 11 Dec. 2009. [http://www.nytimes.com]

According to former company employees and current and former intelligence officers, "[p]rivate security guards from Blackwater Worldwide [now known as Xe Services] participated in some of the C.I.A.'s most sensitive activities -- clandestine raids with agency officers against people suspected of being insurgents in Iraq and Afghanistan and the transporting of detainees.... Several former Blackwater guards said that their involvement in the operations became so routine that the lines supposedly dividing the Central Intelligence Agency, the military and Blackwater became blurred."

R. Jeffrey Smith and Joby Warrick, "Blackwater Tied to Clandestine CIA Raids," Washington Post, 11 Dec. 2009, adds that "the involvement of Blackwater's officers in raids is likely to raise new questions about the degree to which deadly actions in Iraq and Afghanistan were outsourced to contract personnel who operated without direct contractual authority or without the kind of oversight and accountability applied to CIA and military personnel."

Mazzetti, Mark. "Blackwater Loses a Job for the C.I.A." New York Times, 12 Dec. 2009. [http://www.nytimes.com]

According to CIA spokesman George Little on 11 December 2009, CIA Director Leon E. Panetta has canceled "a contract with the security company formerly called Blackwater Worldwide [now Xe Services] that allowed the company to load bombs on C.I.A. drones in Pakistan and Afghanistan."

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