July - December

Materials presented chronologically.

Warrick, Joby. "Ex-Agent Says CIA Ignored Iran Facts." Washington Post, 1 Jul. 2008, A2. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

A former CIA employee, "barred by the CIA from using his real name, filed a motion in federal court [on 27 June 2008] asking the government to declassify legal documents describing what he says was a deliberate suppression of findings on Iran that were contrary to agency views at the time." He "alleged in a 2004 lawsuit that the CIA fired him after he repeatedly clashed with senior managers over his attempts to file reports that challenged the conventional wisdom about weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East."

Warrick, Joby. "Justice Advised CIA in '02 About Legal Waterboarding." Washington Post, 25 Jul. 2008, A8. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"Lawyers for the Bush administration told the CIA in 2002 that its officers could legally use waterboarding and other harsh measures while interrogating al-Qaeda suspects, as long as they acted 'in good faith' and did not deliberately seek to inflict severe pain, according to a Justice Department memo made public" on 24 July 2008.

Warrick, Joby. "Bush Orders Revamping of Intelligence Gathering: DNI's Authority Boosted, Document Shows." Washington Post, 31 Jul. 2008, A2. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

On 30 July 2008, President Bush issued a revised Executive Order 12333 that seeks to bolster the DNI's authority. According to a White House presentation, shared with congressional oversight committees, the revision "gives the DNI primary authority to issue 'overarching policies and procedures' and to ensure that intelligence collection is coordinated among the 16 agencies. It also conveys greater power to set spending priorities and establish standards for training and tradecraft. In one of the more controversial changes, the new order allows the DNI to formulate policy for engaging with the intelligence agencies and security services of other countries.... But the new policy stipulates that the CIA would 'coordinate implementation' of those policies."

Blackledge, Brett J. "CIA Officials Deny Fake Iraq-al-Qaida Link Letter." Associated Press, 5 Aug. 2008. [http://www.ap.org]

"Two former CIA officers [on 5 August 2008] denied that they or the [CIA] faked an Iraqi intelligence document purporting to link Saddam Hussein with 9/11 bomber Mohammed Atta, as they are quoted as saying" in Ron Suskind's The Way of the World. The denials came from Robert Richer, former deputy director of operations, and John Maguire, head of the Iraq Operations Group in the fall of 2003.

White House deputy press secretary Tony Fratto commented, "The notion that the White House directed anyone to forge a letter from Habbush [Tahir Jalil Habbush al-Tikriti, Saddam's director of intelligence] to Saddam Hussein is absurd." Former DCI George Tenet "also denied CIA involvement in the supposedly fake letter," and added, "It is well established that ... CIA resisted efforts by some in the administration to paint a picture of Iraqi-al-Qaida connections that went beyond the evidence." See also Joby Warrick, "White House Denies Author's Accusations of Document Forgery," Washington Post, 6 Aug. 2008, A2.

Broad, William J., and David E. Sanger. "In Nuclear Net's Undoing, a Web of Shadowy Deals." New York Times, 25 Aug. 2008. [http://www.nytimes.com]

Swiss engineers, Friedrich Tinner and his two sons, have been accused of working with Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan, "the Pakistani bomb pioneer-turned-nuclear black marketeer." However, interviews with current and former Bush administration officials point to "a clandestine relationship between the Tinners and the C.I.A." Several of these officials say that CIA operatives "paid the Tinners as much as $10 million" to supply "a flow of secret information that helped end Libya's bomb program, reveal Iran's atomic labors and, ultimately, undo Dr. Khan's nuclear black market."

Schwartz, Noaki. "Hayden: Next president Should Let CIA Do Its Job." Associated Press, 16 Sep. 2008. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

CIA Director Michael Hayden told the Los Angeles World Affairs Council on 16 September 2008 that "[t]he best way for the next president to help the CIA would be to 'do nothing.' ... 'We're suffering reformation and transformation fatigue,'" he said.

Markon, Jerry. "Ex-CIA Official Pleads Guilty to Fraud: Executive Director Helped Defense Contractor Friend Win Lucrative Deals." Washington Post, 30 Sep. 2008, A2. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

On 29 September 2008, Kyle "Dusty" Foggo "pleaded guilty to one count of wire fraud in U.S. District Court in Alexandria." He was accused of "steering agency contracts to a defense contractor and concealing their relationship."

Jerry Markon, "Former Top CIA Official Sentenced to 37 Months," Washington Post, 27 Feb. 2009, A2, reports that on 26 February 2009, Foggo "was sentenced to 37 months in prison." See also R. Jeffrey Smith, "Files Unsealed Before Sentencing Detail Rule-Breaker's Rise at CIA," Washington Post, 26 Feb. 2009, A3.

Warrick, Joby. "CIA Tactics Endorsed In Secret Memos: Waterboarding Got White House Nod." Washington Post, 15 Oct. 2008, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"The Bush administration issued a pair of secret memos to the CIA in 2003 and 2004 that explicitly endorsed the agency's use of interrogation techniques such as waterboarding against al-Qaeda suspects -- documents prompted by worries among intelligence officials about a possible backlash if details of the program became public."

Stein, Jeff. "CIA's Loss of Top Spies 'Catastrophic,' Says Agency Veteran." Congressional Quarterly, 17 Oct. 2008. [http://www.cqpolitics.com]

CIA retiree Sam Faddis says that "[s]cores more like him,... spies with years of working the back alleys of the world, have walked away from the CIA's Operations Directorate [National Clandestine Service] at the top of their careers, at a time when the agency needs their skills the most." Others agree and blame the Agency culture for the departure of senior, experienced personnel. However, CIA spokesman Paul Gimigliano "flatly denies there's a hemorrhage of senior personnel," putting departures of GS-15s in the National Clandestine Service "in the neighborhood of 7 percent."

Associated Press. "Ecuador Alleges 'Clear' Signs of CIA Infiltration." 31 Oct. 2008. [http://www.ap.org]

A commission appointed by Ecuadoran President Rafael Correa "has concluded that U.S. intelligence services infiltrated the Andean nation's military and police and supported a cross-border incursion by Colombian troops that killed a top rebel commander."

Mazzetti, Mark. "C.I.A. Withheld Data in Peru Plane Crash Inquiry." New York Times, 21 Nov. 2008. [http://www.nytimes.com]

An August 2008 report by CIA Inspector General John L. Helgerson, parts of which were made public on 20 November 2008, "has found that the agency withheld crucial information from federal investigators ... trying to determine whether C.I.A. officers committed crimes related to the accidental downing of a missionary plane in Peru in 2001." The report said the CIA."repeatedly misled the White House and Congress ... about the Peru operation." Rep. Peter J. Hoekstra (R-MI), "the top Republican on the House Intelligence Committee, said he was asking the Justice Department to consider whether the C.I.A.'s actions after the incident amounted to obstruction of justice."

See also, Joby Warrick, "CIA Withheld Details on Downing, IG Says." Washington Post, 21 Nov. 2008, A8.

Rossi, Sara. "Italian Judge Suspends CIA Kidnapping Trial." Reuters, 3 Dec. 2008. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

On 3 December 2008, Milan Judge Oscar Magi "suspended the high-profile trial of U.S. and Italian agents suspected of a CIA kidnapping after Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi authorized witnesses to invoke state secrecy.... Magi suspended the trial until March [2009], when a higher court is expected to rule on the government's request to dismiss the case entirely."

Warrick, Joby. "Little Blue Pills Among the Ways CIA Wins Friends in Afghanistan." Washington Post, 26 Dec. 2008, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"[A]ccording to officials directly involved in such operations," CIA "efforts to win over notoriously fickle warlords and chieftains" in Afghanistan have included "a variety of personal services. These include pocketknives and tools, medicine or surgeries for ailing family members, toys and school equipment, tooth extractions, travel visas, and, occasionally, pharmaceutical enhancements for aging patriarchs with slumping libidos....

"Officials say these inducements are necessary in Afghanistan, a country where warlords and tribal leaders expect to be paid for their cooperation, and where, for some, switching sides can be as easy as changing tunics. If the Americans don't offer incentives, there are others who will, including Taliban commanders, drug dealers and even Iranian agents in the region."

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