January - June

Materials presented chronologically.

Myers, Steven Lee, David E. Sanger, and Eric Schmitt. "U.S. Considers New Covert Push Within Pakistan." New York Times, 6 Jan. 2008. [http://www.nytimes.com]

According to senior administration officials, "Vice President Dick Cheney, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and a number of President Bush's top national security advisers" met on 4 January 2008 to discuss "whether to expand the authority of the Central Intelligence Agency and the military to conduct far more aggressive covert operations in the tribal areas of Pakistan." Options include "loosening restrictions on the C.I.A. to strike selected targets in Pakistan.... Most counterterrorism operations in Pakistan have been conducted by the C.I.A.; in Afghanistan, where military operations are under way, including some with NATO forces, the military can take the lead."

Eggen, Dan. "Grand Jury Subpoenas Times Reporter Over Book Sources." Washington Post, 2 Feb. 2008, A7. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

On 24 January 2008, a federal grand jury in Alexandria "issued a subpoena seeking information about the confidential sources" of James Risen of the New York Times. In State of War (2006), he wrote about "Operation Merlin, depicted as an unsuccessful CIA effort to destabilize the Iranian nuclear program." According to Risen's attorney, David N. Kelley, the "subpoena ordered the reporter ... to appear before the grand jury" on 7 February 2008. Kelley "said Risen plans to resist the order."

Mazzetti, Mark. "C.I.A. Tells of Changes for Its Internal Inquiries." New York Times, 2 Feb. 2008. [http://www.nytimes.com]

In a message to employees on 31 January 2008, CIA Director Gen. Michael V. Hayden announced that Inspector General John L. Helgerson "has agreed to a series of changes in the way the office conducts its investigations of the agency's practices." Among the changes are "new procedures to allow agency officers to lodge complaints against the inspector general's office." The changes follow an internal review begun in April 2007 and led by Hayden aide Robert L. Deitz. In addition to an ombudsman in the inspector general's office, "a new position of quality control officer is being established ... to attest, as General Hayden put it, 'that reports include all exculpatory and relevant mitigating information.'" See also, Joby Warrick, "CIA Sets Changes To IG's Oversight, Adds Ombudsman." Washington Post, 2 Feb. 2008, A3.

Goldman, Adam, and Ellen Nakashima. "CIA and Mossad Killed Senior Hezbollah Figure in Car Bombing." Washington Post, 30 Jan. 2015. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"[F]ive former U.S. intelligence officials" have confirmed "U.S. involvement in the killing" of "Imad Mughniyah, Hezbollah's international operations chief," in Damascus on 12 February 2008. "The United States helped build the bomb," a CIA team tracked Mughniyah's movements, and Mossad agents triggered the device remotely from Tel Aviv. "The authority to kill Mughniyah required a presidential finding by President George W. Bush.... In the leadup to the operation, U.S. intelligence officials had assured lawmakers in a classified briefing that there would be no collateral damage, former officials said."

Miller, Greg. "CIA's Ambitious Post-9/11 Spy Plan Crumbles." Los Angeles Times, 17 Feb. 2008. [http://www.latimes.com]

"The CIA set up a network of front companies in Europe and elsewhere after the Sept. 11 attacks as part of a constellation of 'black stations' for a new generation of spies, according to current and former agency officials. But after spending hundreds of millions of dollars setting up as many as 12 of the companies, the agency shut down all but two after concluding they were ill-conceived and poorly positioned for gathering intelligence on the CIA's principal targets: terrorist groups and unconventional weapons proliferation networks."

Warrick, Joby, and Robin Wright. "Unilateral Strike Called a Model for U.S. Operations in Pakistan." Washington Post, 19 Feb. 2008, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

According to U.S. officials, the missiles fired from a CIA MQ-1B Predator UAV, which killed senior al-Qaeda commander Abu Laith al-Libi in the town of Mir Ali, involved "an unusual degree of autonomy by the CIA inside Pakistan." The officials said that the Pakistani government "was notified only as the operation was underway."

Hess, Pamela. "CIA Expands Legal Help for Workers." Associated Press, 17 Mar. 2008. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

On 17 March 2008, the CIA announced that "it will now pay the full cost of legal liability insurance for about two-thirds of the agency workforce. The insurance costs about $300 a year. Until now the CIA has paid just half of the premium annually. Only about 15 percent of eligible employees actually apply for reimbursement."

CIA Director Michael Hayden said that "he had expanded the pool of those eligible to be reimbursed for insurance to include all employees involved in covert activities, not just those involved in counterterrorism and counterproliferation. Any agency employee who supervises one or more employees is eligible to be reimbursed as will attorneys, grievance officers, equal employment opportunity counselors, auditors, IG inspectors and investigators, polygraph examiners, recruiters or hiring advisers and security officers."

Ignatius, David. "Repairing America's Spy Shop." Washington Post, 6 Apr. 2008, B7. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"The CIA today is ... caught in a reorganization of intelligence that has brought more confusion than clarity, added more bureaucracy than efficiency and increased the bloat of the intelligence community.... It's too late, unfortunately, to undo the reorganization that created the DNI. So let those three initials cloak a new, elite corps of analysts drawn from the CIA cadre; let's give the science and technology division to the DNI, too.... Meanwhile, let's float the clandestine service free from its ... CIA anchor and let it find a new home -- somewhere distant from Langley, where the old ghosts and myths are far away."

Vicini, James. "CIA Director to Retire from Military and Stay at CIA." Reuters, 23 Apr. 2008. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

In a note to CIA employees on 23 April 2008, "CIA Director Michael Hayden said ... he will retire from the U.S. Air Force [on 1 July 2008] but continue at the intelligence agency."

Eggen, Dan. "CIA Foresaw Interrogation Issues: Agency Considered Investigations 'Virtually Inevitable.'" Washington Post, 24 Apr. 2008, A16. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"[A]ccording to a CIA official's statement in court documents filed" on 23 April 2008, "[t]he CIA concluded that criminal, administrative or civil investigations stemming from harsh interrogation tactics were 'virtually inevitable,' leading the agency to seek legal support from the Justice Department.... The CIA said it had identified more than 7,000 pages of classified memos, e-mails and other records relating to its secret prison and interrogation program, but maintained that the materials cannot be released because they relate to, in part, communications between CIA and Justice Department attorneys or discussions with the White House."

Warrick, Joby. "Ex-CIA Official Indicted Over Agency Job for Mistress." Washington Post, 22 May 2008, A9. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

A federal grand jury indictment alleges that Kyle "Dusty" Foggo, the CIA's executive director from 2004 to 2006, "pressured CIA managers into hiring" his mistress "after she was turned down for a position in the CIA's general counsel office." Foggo also "faces charges of fraud, conspiracy and conflict of interest stemming mostly from alleged favors he performed for California businessman Brent R. Wilkes, a childhood friend and prominent GOP fundraiser."

DeWitt, Robert. "Secret Hero." Tuscaloosa News, 25 May 2008. [http://www.tuscaloosanews.com]

Jack Weeks died in 1968 when his A-12 apparently exploded on a test flight. "A couple of weeks before his death, he became the pilot who located the USS Pueblo,... after it was captured by North Korean patrol boats.... Battleship Park, home of the USS Alabama, will commemorate the 40th anniversary of his death on June 4 with a ceremony that will include an Alabama Air National Guard fly-over."

Hess, Pamela. "Intelligence Agencies in Turf War." Associated Press, 28 May 2008. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

According to former and current CIA officials, the ODNI "is angling for more power over and insight into spy operations worldwide. At stake is the authority of the CIA's legendary station chiefs, who for 60 years have enjoyed a great deal of autonomy in overseas intelligence operations."

Shane, Scott. "Inside a 9/11 Mastermind’s Interrogation." New York Times, 22 Jun. 2008. [http://www.nytimes.com]

The focus here is the CIA's interrogation of Khalid Shaikh Mohammed and the role played in this and other interrogations by an analyst named as Deuce Martinez. Shane makes an important point: "The very fact that Mr. Martinez, a career narcotics analyst who did not speak the terrorists' native languages and had no interrogation experience, would end up as a crucial player captures the ad-hoc nature of the program. Officials acknowledge that it was cobbled together under enormous pressure in 2002 by an agency nearly devoid of expertise in detention and interrogation."

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