Materials presented in chronological order.
Pincus, Walter. "Bill Would Give CIA More Power Overseas: Legislation Covers All Human Intelligence." Washington Post, 7 Jun. 2005, A4. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
Legislation proposed by the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence in the fiscal 2006 intelligence authorization bill would give the CIA "authority to coordinate all human intelligence activities overseas, including those carried out by Pentagon and FBI personnel.... In the past, the CIA has exercised similar authority in most cases, but the House panel decided to try to put that into law as a result of increased overseas operations by many government agencies, and reports that several Pentagon teams had been found operating overseas without the knowledge of CIA officials."
Jehl, Douglas. "C.I.A. Is Reviewing Its Security Policy for Recruiting Translators." New York Times, 8 Jun. 2005. [http://www.nytimes.com]
According to Congressional and intelligence officials, the CIA "is reviewing security procedures that have led the agency to turn away large numbers of Arabic-language linguists and other potential recruits with skills avidly sought by the agency since the attacks of 2001."
Shane, Scott. "C.I.A. Role in Visit of Sudan Intelligence Chief Causes Dispute Within Administration." New York Times, 18 Jun. 2005. [http://www.nytimes.com]
According to administration officials on 17 June 2005, the CIA's decision "to fly Sudan's intelligence chief [Salah Abdallah Gosh] to Washington in a C.I.A. jet in April set off a dispute inside the Bush administration, with some officials arguing that such recognition for a government accused of genocide and ties to terrorism sent a regrettable signal."
Grey, Stephen, and Don Van Natta. "Thirteen with the C.I.A. Sought by Italy in a Kidnapping." New York Times, 25 Jun. 2005. [http://www.nytimes.com]
According to Italian prosecutors and investigators, an Italian judge in Milan "has ordered the arrest of 13 [CIA] officers and operatives." They are charged with seizing Egyptian cleric Hassan Mustafa Osama Nasr (Abu Omar) in Milan in February 2003, and flying him to Egypt for questioning.
Jehl, Douglas. "White House to Ask C.I.A. to Manage Human Spying." New York Times, 28 Jun. 2005. [http://www.nytimes.com]
According to senior government officials on 27 June 2005, the White House has decided to reject classified recommendations by the Silberman-Robb commission "that would have given the Pentagon greater authority to conduct covert action.... The decision is a victory for the Central Intelligence Agency." The officials also said that "[t]he White House will also designate the C.I.A. as the main manager of the government's human spying operations, even those conducted by the Pentagon and the F.B.I....
"The plan for covert action was the only major recommendation explicitly rejected" by the White House. The commission's "recommendations about covert action were deleted from the public version of the ... report, but senior government officials said they would have allowed the Pentagon a larger role in carrying out intelligence, reconnaissance or sabotage missions more secretive than the operations already carried out by American Special Operations forces, which are defined as clandestine -- a shade less secret than covert."
Priest, Dana. "Italy Knew About Plan to Grab Suspect: CIA Officials Cite Briefing in 2003." Washington Post, 30 Jun. 2005, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
"Before a CIA paramilitary team" grabbed radical Islamic cleric Hassan Mustafa Osama Nasr "off the streets of Milan in February 2003, the CIA station chief in Rome briefed and sought approval from his counterpart in Italy, according to three CIA veterans with knowledge of the operation and a fourth who reviewed the matter after it took place. The previously undisclosed Italian involvement undercuts the accusation ... that the CIA brashly slipped into the country unannounced and uninvited to kidnap an Italian resident off the street." See Craig Whitlock, "Italy Denies Complicity in Alleged CIA Action: Egyptian Cleric Abducted in '03," Washington Post, 1 Jul. 2005, A14.
Posner, Richard A. "The Danger in 'Fixing' the CIA." Hoover Digest 2005 No. 3 (Summer). ["This essay appeared in the Los Angeles Times on May 24, 2005."] [http://www.hoover.org/publications/hoover-digest/article/6244]
"[T]he intelligence system cannot be fixed like a broken watch (although it can be improved) because the conditions that cause it to fail are inherent in the nature of intelligence.... To think that changes in organization, practices, and personnel can make intelligence a fail-safe enterprise is a dangerous illusion, encouraging under-investment in other, often more costly, means of defense."
Jehl, Douglas. "Bush Selects Admiral for No. 2 Post at C.I.A." New York Times, 1 Jul. 2005. [http://www.nytimes.com]
The Pentagon announced on 30 June 2005 that President Bush has nominated Vice Admiral Albert M. Calland III to become CIA deputy director, the number two position at the agency. As associate director for military support, Calland has been the top military liaison at the agency and has been serving as acting deputy director for several months. Calland served from 2002 to 2004 as commander of the Navy Special Warfare Command, the senior officer in charge of Navy Seals.
Priest, Dana. "Help from France Key in Covert Operations: Paris's 'Alliance Base' Targets Terrorists." Washington Post, 3 Jul. 2005, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
According to U.S. and European intelligence sources, the CIA and French intelligence services established "a top secret center in Paris, code-named Alliance Base," in 2002. "Funded largely by the CIA's Counterterrorist Center, Alliance Base analyzes the transnational movement of terrorist suspects and develops operations to catch or spy on them." Alliance Base is "headed by a French general assigned to ... the General Directorate for External Security (DGSE).... It has case officers from Britain, France, Germany, Canada, Australia and the United States."
Pincus, Walter. "CIA, Pentagon Seek to Avoid Overlap." Washington Post, 4 Jul. 2005, A2. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
DDNI Gen. Michael V. Hayden "told reporters last week that a classified [CIA-Pentagon] memo of understanding ... has been drafted and is awaiting the signatures" of CIA Director Goss and Defense Secretary Rumsfeld. According to senior officials at both agencies, the agreement seeks "to prevent conflicts and overlap in spying, technical collection and analysis between their two organizations."
Jehl, Douglas. "Intelligence Briefing for Bush Is Overhauled." New York Times, 20 Jul. 2005. [http://www.nytimes.com]
According to two senior intelligence officials on 19 July 2005, DNI John D. Negroponte has ordered that the President's Daily Brief (PDB) be expanded "to include significant contributions from sources other than the Central Intelligence Agency." In addition, the PDB "will soon be modified further to absorb a separate daily terrorist threat assessment."
U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. Public Affairs Staff. "Press Release: CIA Director Porter J. Goss Names New Deputy Director for Science and Technology." 12 Aug. 2005. [https://www.cia.gov]
On 12 August 2005, "CIA Director Porter J. Goss announced the selection of Stephanie L. O'Sullivan as Deputy Director for Science and Technology. O'Sullivan had served as Associate Deputy Director for Science and Technology since June 2003."
Russell, Richard L. "A Weak Pillar for American National Security: The CIA's Dismal Performance against WMD Threats" Intelligence and National Security 20, no. 3 (Sep. 2005): 466-485.
The author argues that "the CIA has habitually failed to accurately gauge WMD programs.... These intelligence failings were due in large measure to poor human intelligence collection and shoddy analysis, areas that cannot be remedied [simply] by the creation of the DNI.... The establishment of the DNI ... unconstructively adds to the already bureaucratically bloated intelligence community." In addition, the creation of new intelligence centers for terrorism and proliferation further "bloats the intelligence community's bureaucracy and does nothing to increase competency in human intelligence collection or analysis."
Priest, Dana, and Walter Pincus. "Key Official in Clandestine Service of CIA to Retire." Washington Post, 9 Sep. 2005, A5. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
According to current and former intelligence officials, "Robert Richer, the second-ranking official in the CIA's clandestine service, has announced his retirement, telling colleagues that he lacked confidence in the agency's leadership."
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