CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY

2002

Generally

January - July

Materials presented in chronological order.

Goodman, Melvin A. “Revamping the CIA.” Issues in Science and Technology 18, no. 2 (Winter 2001-2002): 59-65.

The author outlines the steps that he believes “are needed in order to design an intelligence infrastructure to deal effectively with the new and emerging national security problems”: (1) Demilitarize the intelligence community; (2) revive oversight; (3) reduce covert action; (4) separate operations and analysis; and (5) increase intelligence sharing.

Jones, Garrett. "Working with the CIA." Parameters, Winter 2001-2002: 28-39.

The former CIA Chief in Mogadishu and U.S. Army War College graduate offers some basic-but-useful thoughts for military commanders and their senior staffs on the CIA-military relationship within the context of field operations.

Miller, Greg. "CIA Believes It Can See into Tehran from L.A.: Agency Seeking Help from Many Iranians in Area." Los Angeles Times, 16 Jan. 2002. [http://www.latimes.com]

"Dissatisfied with its intelligence-gathering on Iran, the CIA disbanded a station in Germany in the mid-1990s that had been a key spying portal into the Islamic republic. Instead, it reassigned several officers to a post much farther from Tehran but potentially richer in contacts: Los Angeles."

Gup, Ted. “Clueless in Langley.” Mother Jones 27, no. 1 (Jan.-Feb. 2002), 33-36.

“It may be unfair to suggest that the CIA was negligent in failing to foil the September 11 terrorist attacks, and even the agency's harshest critics must recognize the numbing obstacles involved in penetrating terrorist cells. But it is not unfair to ask whether the vaunted Central Intelligence Agency is up to the task of fighting terrorism…. [T]he CIA is … arguably so ill equipped and ill suited that nothing short of fundamentally altering its identity … would suffice. In short, it is time to consider either fundamentally overhauling the agency or getting rid of it entirely.”

Bell, June B. “Invisible-ink Formula Stays Invisible.” National Law Journal 24, no. 26 (4 Mar. 2002).

"U.S. District Judge Thomas Penfield Jackson rejected" an FOIA request from the James Madison Project "for 16 pages of documents on how to create and detect invisible ink." The documents being sought "were produced between 1917 and 1930. Attorneys representing the CIA … argued that though secret ink may seem an unsophisticated espionage technique compared to 21st-century encryption, it could nonetheless be valuable to America's foes." [James Madison Project v. National Archives & Records Administration, No. 98-2737 (D.D.C.).]

Verton, Dan. “Study: Web Exposes Data on CIA Networks.” Computerworld, 11 Mar. 2002, 5.

Matta Security Ltd., "[a] London-based Internet security and risk consulting firm[,] last week published the results of a two-day study that highlights in surprising detail the CIA's primary points of presence on the public Internet. Using open, legal sources of information and without conducting any illegal port scanning or intrusive network probes," the firm "produced a detailed map of nonclassified CIA networks, including several that aren't readily available to the public. Matta's study also uncovered the names, e-mail addresses and telephone numbers of more than three dozen CIA network administrators and other officials."

Leon, Mark. “CTO of CIA Matches Technology to Mission.” InfoWorld, 16 Apr. 2002, 40.

Bob Flores is the CIA's chief technology officer for information services infrastructure. He was originally hired as a DI economic analyst in 1977, but by the early 1980s had become a computer analyst. He argues that "the essence of what separates a CTO from other technology professionals … is the understanding that the technology has to support the business."

Pincus, Walter, and Dana Priest. "CIA Analysts to Help FBI Shift Focus: Terrorism Prevention Key to New Approach." Washington Post, 26 May 2002, A1. [http://www. washingtonpost.com]

According to senior FBI officials, more than 25 CIA analysts and a senior manager from the CIA's Directorate of Intelligence will be dispatched "to help the FBI upgrade its ability ... to analyze intelligence and criminal data for use in preventing terrorist acts" and to "assist FBI Director Robert S. Mueller III in reshaping the bureau into an agency more focused on counterterrorism. Another group of CIA analysts will soon be dispatched to 10 major U.S. cities to review FBI terrorist cases being pursued in field offices to see whether intelligence information has been missed....

"The CIA transfers illustrate one of the major changes involved in Mueller's FBI overhaul, an approach that will emphasize gathering information to prevent terrorist acts inside the United States while reducing the bureau's traditional criminal work" on matters that the FBI Director "believes can be handled by local law enforcement."

Pincus, Walter, and Thomas E. Ricks. "CIA Fails in Bid to Kill Afghan Rebel With a Missile." Washington Post, 10 May 2002, A24. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

According to administration sources, "[t]he CIA fired a missile from an unmanned Predator aircraft over Afghanistan" on 8 May 2002 "in an unsuccessful attempt to kill [Gulbuddin Hekmatyar,] a factional leader who has vowed to attack U.S. service personnel and oust the interim Afghan government."

VandeHei, Jim, and Dan Eggen. "Hill Eyes Shifting Parts of FBI, CIA: Homeland Security Department Would Get Own Operatives." Washington Post, 13 June. 2002, A1. [http://www. washingtonpost.com]

"Congressional leaders are strongly considering granting to a new Department of Homeland Security authority over parts of the CIA and the FBI, a complex and controversial restructuring of the nation's intelligence apparatus that President Bush opposes."

Risen, James. "C.I.A. and F.B.I. Agree to Truce in War of Leaks vs. Counterleaks." New York Times, 14 Jun. 2002. [http://www.nytimes.com]

Officials familiar with the talks said on 13 June 2002 that "[t]op officials of the C.I.A. and the F.B.I. have quietly negotiated a cease-fire between the two agencies, which have been in a war of news leaks and finger-pointing about the intelligence failures leading to the Sept. 11 attacks."

Woodward, Bob. "President Broadens Anti-Hussein Order: CIA Gets More Tools to Oust Iraqi Leader." Washington Post, 16 Jun. 2002, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

According to informed sources, "President Bush early this year signed an intelligence order directing the CIA to undertake a comprehensive, covert program to topple Saddam Hussein, including authority to use lethal force to capture the Iraqi president."

Russell, Richard L. "CIA's Strategic Intelligence in Iraq." Political Science Quarterly 117, no. 2 (Summer 2002): 191-207.

This article "traces the uses and limitations of strategic intelligence in major dimensions of the Gulf War to include the warning and waging of war. The article concludes with an assessment or balance sheet of the strengths and weaknesses of strategic intelligence during the Gulf crisis. It draws insights from this case study to inform the future evolution of American intelligence and its support of statecraft, particularly in situations where policy makers face dilemmas posed by the use of armed force."

Moore, J. Daniel. "CIA Support to Operation Enduring Freedom" Military Intelligence (Jul.-Sep. 2002).

Pincus, Walter. "Congress to Postpone Revamping of FBI, CIA; Homeland Security Agency Becomes Legislative Focus." Washington Post, 2 Jul. 2002, A1. [http://www. washingtonpost.com]

"Congress will put off a reorganization of the FBI and CIA ... until it establishes a Department of Homeland Security, according to Bush administration and congressional sources.... The delay underscored the increasing awareness on Capitol Hill that reorganizing the CIA, FBI, National Security Agency and other intelligence bodies is an extraordinarily complex undertaking about which there is little agreement on what needs to be fixed or, indeed, whether any changes are even required."

Lanfranco, Edward. "Wreakage of CIA Plane Found in China." UPI, 29 Jul. 2002. [http:// www.upi.com]

"Members of a U.S. Army search team believe they have located the debris of a C-47 plane shot down 50 years ago on a nighttime mission to pick up an agent from behind enemy lines in the Korean War, but the graves of the two pilots [Robert C. Snoddy and Norman A. Schwartz] killed in the crash have not been found."

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