Materials presented in chronological order.
Dupont, Daniel G. "Trust Us, We're Spies." Mother Jones, 7 Jul. 1999. [http://www.motherjones.com]
"The CIA ... [is] fighting a Freedom of Information Act request to reveal the 1999 intel budget, claiming that exposing the numbers would pose a threat to national security."
Schwartz, John. "Cracking the Code of a CIA Sculpture." Washington Post, 19 Jul. 1999, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
David Stein, a physicist who works in the CIA building, has broken the code for all but the last 97 characters on Jim Sanborn's Kryptos sculpture at the CIA. Stein's accomplishment came to light when an "amateur codebreaker,... Jim Gillogly [see above, NYT, 16 June 1999], stepped forward ... to announce on the Internet that he had made sense of all but those same 97 characters."
Pincus, Walter. "Top Spy Retiring from CIA: Downing Led Revamp of Clandestine Service." Washington Post, 29 Jul. 1999, A27. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
Jack G. Downing, retiring as Deputy Director for Operations, said in an interview that "it will take until 2005 for the agency to complete the task of rebuilding its clandestine service after years of thin budgets, rapid management turnover and low morale." He spoke "enthusiastically about the agency's future." He noted, however, that while "the agency is now in the midst of 'the largest drive to recruit new case officers in its history',... because recruits have to go through training and language schools,... 'over the next few years there still will be a paucity of trained personnel overseas.'"
Pincus, Walter, and Vernon Loeb. "Secrets Authority." Washington Post, 9 Aug. 1999, A13. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
The CIA has challenged the jurisdiction of the Interagency Security Classification Appeals Panel (ISCAP), which arbitrates disputes over declassification, "arguing that the director of central intelligence alone has the statutory obligation to protect intelligence sources during the declassification process."
Myers, Steven Lee. "Former Chief of C.I.A. Is Stripped of Right to Classified Information." New York Times, 21 Aug. 1999. [http://www.nytimes.com]
The CIA announced on 20 August 1999 that the security clearance of former DCI John M. Deutch had been "suspended." The Agency concluded that Deutch "had improperly handled national secrets on a desktop computer at his home." See also, Vernon Loeb, "Deutch's CIA Clearance Suspended," Washington Post, 21 Aug. 1999, A2.
Loeb, Vernon. "At Hush-Hush CIA Unit, Talk of a Turnaround: Reforms Recharge Espionage Service." Washington Post, 7 Sep. 1999, A8. "Bringing Esprit Back to the CIA." Washington Post National Weekly Edition, 13 Sep. 1999, 30.
"Shortly after CIA Director George J. Tenet coaxed Jack G. Downing out of retirement to run the agency's troubled espionage service, the legendary spy took stock of flagging morale and prescribed a cure: jump training.... The CIA's super-secret Directorate of Operations now seems on the mend.... Money is pouring in from Congress, the CIA is engaged in the most significant recruiting drive in its history, morale is up and resignations by DO case officers are way, way down."
Loeb, Vernon. "IntelligenCIA: Rebuilding Clandestine Operations." Washington Post, 20 Sep. 1999. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
DDO James L. "Pavitt, 53, a Phi Beta Kappa graduate of the University of Missouri," served tours "in Austria (1976-1978), Germany (1978-1980), Malaysia (1980-1983) and Luxembourg (1983-86).... When he first returned from overseas, Pavitt became special assistant" to then DDO Richard Stolz. In 1990, he was detailed "to the National Security Council as director for intelligence programs and became special assistant to the president for national security affairs during the final year of the Bush administration in 1992. He then went back to Langley and became deputy director for operations at the CIA's Nonproliferation Center, where he served until he was asked to start up a counterproliferation division inside the DO in 1995. From there, he became [DDO Jack] Downing's deputy two years ago before [DCI George] Tenet named him DDO in August" 1999.
Drozdiak, William. "Germans Show the Door to Three CIA Agents." Washington Post, 30 Sep. 1999, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
"The United States has recalled three CIA agents at Germany's insistence in a fresh sign of tension between the two allies over the scale and purpose of U.S. intelligence-gathering in Germany. The recall of the three Americans, described as a married couple and their supervisor working under cover out of the U.S. consulate in Munich, came after they were accused of using false pretenses to recruit German citizens for unspecified economic espionage, German officials said." James Risen, "Germany Tries to Tell CIA to Stop Spy Operations There." New York Times, 1 Oct. 1999, adds that the couple appears to be "'nonofficial cover' officers."
George. Editors. "Free Agency." Oct. 1999, 34.
You want to visit the CIA: Make a film, apply for a job, take a tour, or visit the Web site.
[Downing, Jack.] "Speech by Former DDO Jack Downing." CIRA Newsletter 24, no. 4 (Winter 1999): 3-8.
Remarks at Central Intelligence Retirees' Association luncheon on 4 October 1999 at Ft. Myer, VA. Includes question-and-answer session.
Loeb, Vernon. "The CIA's Operation Hollywood: 'Company of Spies' Wins Raves From Image-Conscious Agency." Washington Post, 14 Oct. 1999, C1. [http://www. washingtonpost.com]
Report on premiere of director Tim Matheson's "In the Company of Spies" at CIA Headquarters on 13 October 1999.
Raum, Tom. "CIA: 1998 Sudan Bombing Not Mistake." Associated Press, 19 Oct. 1999.
DCI George Tenet told a Georgetown University audience on 18 October 1999 that "[e]vidence that a U.S.-destroyed Sudanese pharmaceutical plant was manufacturing chemical-weapons components remains 'compelling,' despite growing international skepticism over the 1998 bombing.... 'We were not wrong,'" Tenet said. See also, Vernon Loeb, "Drug Plant Attack on Target, Says CIA Chief," Washington Post, 21 Oct. 1999, A27.
Ignatius, David. "Where to Hide All Those Spies?" Washington Post, 12 Dec. 1999, B9. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
Interview with DDO James L. Pavitt on 6 December 1999. "Congress has given Pavitt and his colleagues more money to hire new spies.... But where should the CIA hide all these spies?... Should they be under 'official cover' -- posted abroad to U.S. embassies, trade missions and international organizations, where they'll have the protection of diplomatic immunity if they get caught spying? Or should more spies operate under 'non-official cover' -- as 'NOCs,' in the jargon of intelligence?"
Loeb, Vernon. "A Sleight Lesson in Intelligence: Top CIA Analyst Limns His Trade With a Trick." Washington Post, 23 Dec. 1999, A19. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
This article represents the lightweight remnants from an interview session with DDI (since July 1997) John E. McLaughlin, focusing on his hobby of magic and briefly on the importance of the President's Daily Brief. An earlier piece, apparently from the same interview session, carried on Loeb's Washington Post web page, "IntelligenCIA: Inside Information," 13 Dec. 1999, is more substantive -- and more worthwhile -- in its discussion of DI activities today.
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