CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY

1995

Guatemala

 

Materials arranged chronologically.

Weiner, Tim. "Guatemalan Agent of C.I.A. Tied to Killing of American." New York Times, 22 Mar. 1995, A1.

Smith, R. Jeffrey. "U.S. Had Information in 1991 Tying CIA Informer to Killing." Washington Post, 24 Mar. 1995, A1.

Smith, R. Jeffrey. "CIA Station Chief 'Sat On' Information." Washington Post, 25 Mar. 1995, A1.

Weiner, Tim. "A Guatemala Officer and the C.I.A." New York Times, 26 Mar. 1995, A6.

Smith, R. Jeffrey. "U.S. Widens Guatemalan Death Probe." Washington Post, 30 Mar. 1995, A1.

Weiner, Tim. "Shadowy Alliance -- Special Report: In Guatemala's Dark Heart, the C.I.A. Lent Succor to Death." New York Times, 2 Apr. 1995, A1.

Smith, R. Jeffrey. "U.S. Agencies at Odds Over Response to American Slain in Guatemala." Washington Post, 5 Apr. 1995, A24.

Weiner, Tim. "C.I.A. Director Admits to Failure in Disclosing Links to Guatemala." New York Times, 6 Apr. 1995, A1, A6 (N).

At an SSCI hearing on 5 April 1995, Acting DCI Adm. William O. Studeman said that the CIA "should have told Congress three years ago that it had information implicating a Guatemalan colonel on its payroll in the killing of an American citizen."

Smith, R. Jeffrey. "Another Splotch on the CIA: Its Cozy Relationship with Guatemalan Thugs Undercut U.S. Human Rights Efforts." Washington Post National Weekly Edition, 10-16 Apr. 1995, 33.

Doherty, Carroll J. "On Hill, Latest CIA Uproar Revives Issue of Trust." Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, 15 Apr. 1995, 1073.

On 5 April 1995, the Senate intelligence committee opened hearings on the CIA's activities in Guatemala. "Republicans and Democrats excoriated the CIA for withholding for three years information that a paid informant had been implicated in the 1990 murder of American innkeeper Michael DeVine."

Macartney, John. "Guatemala and CIA Thugs: Probably Less Here Than Meets the Eye." Intelligence Watch Report Quarterly 2, no. 1 (1995): 6-12.

This presentation includes a chronology of events. Macartney concludes that "it is likely the CIA will have relatively clean hands in this affair as far as what they were doing in Guatemala." Whatever the facts of the case, "the PERCEPTION is that they [the CIA] were, once again, acting like a 'rogue elephant,' and in politics, perceptions are what counts." See update by Ben Venzke, "CIA Inspector General's Findings from the Guatemalan Investigation," IWR Special Report 1, no. 5 (27 Jul. 1995): 1-2.

Weiner, Tim. "More Divulged About C.I.A. in Guatemala." New York Times, 25 Apr. 1995, A5 (N).

"The CIA station chief in Guatemala, removed from his post in February for failing to disclose the agency's ties to a Guatemalan colonel linked to killing of an American, had been formally reprimanded for similar silences nine months earlier."

Weiner, Tim. "C.I.A. Says Agents Deceived Superiors On Guatemala Role." New York Times, 16 Jul. 1995.

An internal investigation into the CIA's conduct in Guatemala found that agency officers "broke no laws in connection with the deaths in Guatemala of an American innkeeper and the husband of an American lawyer, and it does not establish that a man identified as a paid C.I.A. informer was their killer, ... officials said. But the report contains allegations that the informer, a Guatemalan Army colonel, may have interrogated the two men and may have been involved with drug trafficking -- and that the C.I.A. erred by paying the informer $44,000 after becoming aware of those allegations."

Pincus, Walter. "CIA Steps Up 'Scrub Down' of Agents; Agency May Weigh Rights Violations Against the Value of Information." Washington Post, 28 Jul. 1995, A25.

Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report. Editors. "CIA Says None of Its People Had Role in Slayings." 29 Jul. 1995, 817.

"An internal CIA investigation and a preliminary review by the White House's Intelligence Oversight Board have found no evidence that a CIA employee was involved in the killings of a Guatemalan rebel and an American innkeeper." The Inspector General's report also "found no evidence that any agency employee 'knowingly misled the congressional oversight committees or deliberately decided to withhold information from them.'" The report did acknowledge a failure on the part of the CIA to keep the respective congressional committees informed.

Weiner, Tim. "Breaking with Past, C.I.A. Plans to Discipline Officers Who Lied." New York Times, 28 Sep. 1995, A1, A7 (N).

DCI Deutch "is weighing an internal review board's recommendations to dismiss the former Latin America division chief [Terry Ward] and a former station chief in Guatemala [Frederick Brugger], and demote or discipline as many as 10 other officers" for actions or inactions relating to suspect agents and stifled reports in Guatemala in the early 1990s.

Smith, R. Jeffrey. "CIA Chief Fires Two Over Scandal in Guatemala." Washington Post, 30 Sep. 1995, A1.

Weiner, Tim. "Senators Seek Legal Inquiry on C.I.A. in Guatemala." New York Times, 30 Sep. 1995, A1, A5.

Pincus, Walter. "Punishment in Guatemala Affair Sparks Angry Backlash at CIA." Washington Post, 3 Oct. 1995, A14.

Buntin, John. "Jeffrey H. Smith: Scrubbing the Agency's Dirty Laundry." National Journal, 23 Dec. 1995, 3169.

CIA General Counsel reportedly has issued tentative guidelines for taking human rights abuses and criminal activity into account when recruiting agents.

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