CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY

1995 - 1996

Generally

Alterman, Eric. "A View to a Kill." Rolling Stone, 23 Mar. 1995, 48- 54.

Questions need for incurring continuing cost of CIA in a world where information is so readily available.

Cassata, Donna. "New CIA Staff Chosen to Ease Strained Relations With Hill." Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, 20 May 1995, 1441.

On 15 May 1995, DCI John Deutch announced senior personnel changes at the CIA. He will recommend to the President the nomination of George J. Tenet as DDCI. Nora Slatkin will be CIA executive director. Deutch has asked a "selection team" to come up with a list of candidates for the DDO position. All of those named are former Hill staff members with Democratic pedigrees; several are coming directly over from the Defense Department.

[Clinton, William J.] "Text of President Clinton's Address to the US Intelligence Community at the Central Intelligence Agency's Headquarters, July 14, 1995." What's News at CIA, 17 Jul. 1995, 1-4. [Entire edition] American Intelligence Journal 16, no. 1 (Spring-Summer 1995): 15-17.

[Deutch, John.] "DCI Deutch Outlines His Views and Objectives." Periscope 20, no, 4 (Jun. 1995): 1-2.

Remarks of DCI John Deutch, 11 May 1995, at CIA "Town Meeting."

[Dougherty, Thomas J.] "Thomas J. Dougherty, Chief of Public Liaison, Speaks at February Luncheon." CIRA Newsletter 20, no. 1 (Spring 1995): 3-6.

Background paper for talk given 6 February 1995 by CIA Chief of Public Liaison, Public Affairs Staff.

Fein, Bruce E. "Nonofficial Cover Is Worth the Risk." World Intelligence Review 14, no. 6 (Nov.-Dec. 1995): 2.

Editorial comment that the CIA's use of nonofficial cover should be increased, that such covers should include cover as journalists, and that the expense of NOCs requires that they not be used except when the value of what they might collect justifies the risk.

Friedman, Norman. "World Naval Developments: Spies . . . and All That." U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 122, no. 1 (Jan. 1995): 90-92.

Friedman expresses some doubt that Soviet disinformation disseminated in CIA intelligence analyses caused the United States to overspend on military hardware. He notes that "it seems unlikely that the Soviets would have mounted a disinformation campaign designed to cause the United States to spend more on defense, and particularly on better weaponry.... Moreover, the CIA's power over U.S. policy is quite limited. The operational requirements that shape airplanes like the F- 22 are based on assessments by the defense intelligence arms."

Jehl, Douglas. "Nominee for C.I.A., in Controversy, Abandons His Bid." New York Times, 11, Mar. 1995, 1.

Facing criticism about his hiring of domstic laborers, Air Force General Michael Carns withdraws his nomination to be DCI.

Klass, Philip J. "CIA Papers Reveal Spy Satellites' Role." Aviation Week & Space Technology, 16 Jan. 1995, 53, 55.

New York Times. "Facing Ouster, the Chief of Spies at C.I.A. Announces Retirement." 3 May 1995, A13 (N).

Hugh E. Price, DDO since January 1994, announced his retirement on 2 May 1995.

New York Times. "[Editorial:] Making the C.I.A. Accountable." 18 Aug. 1996, E14.

Ottaway, David B. "Frustrating the FBI." Washington Post National Weekly Edition, 24-30 Jul. 1995, 32.

The manhunt for Mir Aimal Kansi, wanted for the shootings outside CIA Headquarters on 25 January 1993, has been slowed by geography and Pakistani politics. At the end of March, the FBI reclassified Kansi as a suspected international terrorist. This allowed the use of the State Department's Counter-Terrorism Rewards Program to raise the reward offered for information leading to the arrest of Kansi to $2 million.

Pincus, Walter. "CIA, Military Spy Mission for Bosnia." Washington Post, 13 Jan. 1996, A1, A14.

Pincus, Walter. "Not-So-Secret Agent Man." Washington Post National Weekly Edition, 13-19 Nov. 1995, 35.

DCI Deutch's announcement to Congress that U.S. policymakers will be granted access to details about the sources of CIA information has created a stir among present and former Directorate of Operations officers.

Pincus, Walter. "Officials Say Iranian Messages About Anti-Saddam Plot Triggered FBI Probe of CIA." Washington Post, 18 Feb. 1998, A15.

"Messages between Iranian intelligence officials describing an alleged CIA-financed plot to kill Iraqi President Saddam Hussein in early 1995 triggered an unusual FBI investigation into whether agency clandestine officers had violated a U.S. ban on involvement in political assassinations.... Five CIA case officers were brought back from northern Iraq, interrogated and given polygraph tests by the FBI about the alleged assassination plot, according to a report in Sunday's Los Angeles Times.... The agency officers eventually were cleared, according to sources."

Pincus, Walter. "Pentagon Gaining Turf from the CIA: Intelligence Aides Deny Accounts that Deutch Lets Langley Lose Ground to Military." Washington Post, 16 Nov. 1995, A21.

SSCI Vice Chairman Sen. Bob Kerrey (D-Neb.) has announced his opposition to DCI John "Deutch's proposed consolidation of intelligence imagery analysis in a new Pentagon-run agency, which would swallow up the CIA's National Photo[graphic] Interpretation Center along with the Defense Department-based Central Imagery Office and Defense Mapping Agency."

Roy, H.K. [Pseud.] "Betrayal in the Balkans." Intelligencer 12, no. 1 (Summer 2001): 45-51.

This is the first-person account of a CIA clandestine services officer's serious travails in Sarajevo in mid-1995. He was there "to provide intelligence on the military situation in Bosnia, and on Bosnian Serb military targets and capabilities, in advance of the expected NATO intervention." He was betrayed by the Bosnian government to Iranian intelligence and forced to leave Sarajevo quickly to avoid being kidnapped and/or killed.

Sanger, David E., and Tim Weiner. "Emerging Role for the C.I.A.: Economic Spy." New York Times, 15 Oct. 1995, 1.

During the "negotiations with Japan last spring," U.S. "trade officials were accompanied everywhere by a small team of intelligence officers." Each morning, they gave U.S. Trade Representative Mickey Kantor and his aides inside information gathered" by the CIA's Tokyo station and NSA's electronic eavesdropping equipment, "sifted by C.I.A. analysts in Washington."

Thomas, Evan. "Gaining Access to CIA's Records: A Singular Opportunity." Studies in Intelligence 39, no. 5 (1996): 19-23.

The author of The Very Best Men tells the story of how he gained access to classified records under the CIA's historical access policy. He concludes by expressing the belief that "it would be in the agency's interest to let historians see for themselves what remains classified."

Thomas, Evan, and Gregory Vistica. "Spooking the Director." Newsweek, 6 Nov. 1995, 42.

DCI Deutch's "large, floppy, sensitive man" personality is not wearing well at the CIA. On the other side, Deutch's aides "are worried about being forced to confront yet more scandals." On Deutch's part "the former MIT professor is already looking forward to leaving the agency, even if Bill Clinton is re-elected."

U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. Jack B. Pfeiffer, Appellant, v. Central Intelligence Agency and United States of America. No. 94-5107. 1 Aug. 1995. [www.ll.georgetown.edu/federal/judicial/dc/opinions/94opinions/94-5107a.html]

"... Before BUCKLEY, GINSBURG, and SENTELLE, Circuit Judges.

"Opinion for the Court filed by Circuit Judge GINSBURG.

"GINSBURG, Circuit Judge: As part of his duties as an historian employed by the CIA, Dr. Jack B. Pfeiffer wrote a report dealing with the Agency's internal investigation of the Bay of Pigs Operation. When he left the CIA Pfeiffer took a copy of that report, which he later asked the Agency to review and clear for publication. When the CIA declined, Pfeiffer brought suit in district court claiming that the Agency's refusal to undertake such a review operated as a prior restraint upon his right to speak, in violation of the First Amendment to the Constitution of the United States. The United States intervened and counterclaimed for return of Pfeiffer's copy of the report. The district court granted summary judgment in favor of the Government on both Pfeiffer's claim and the Government's counterclaim. Because Pfeiffer has no right to a copy of the document and the CIA's conduct in this case does not implicate the first amendment, we affirm the judgment of the district court."

Weiner, Tim. "C.I.A. Chief Punishes Aide in State Department." New York Times, 6 Dec. 1996, A12 (N).

DCI John Deutch has revoked the security clearance of State Department official John Nuccio. Two years ago, Nuccio informed Representative Robert Torricelli of a link between the CIA and a Guatemalan colonel accused of involvement in human rights violations in Guatemala.

Weiner, Tim.

1. "New C.I.A. Chief Appoints Outsiders Who Have Known It to Run It." New York Times, 16 May 1995, A9 (N).

Reporting 15 May 1995 high-level appointments by DCI Deutch.

2. "The CIA's Most Important Mission: Itself." New York Times Magazine, 30 Dec. 1995, 62-104.

Weiner, Tim.

1. "New Spynet Links C.I.A. and Envoys." New York Times, 13 Feb. 1996, A9.

The CIA will provide U.S. diplomats in Bosnia and other trouble spots computer access to classified information. According to a senior intelligence official, the CIA is working on "new and different" ways of delivering classified data to senior diplomats abroad.

2. "The C.I.A. Seeks Out Informers on Terrorism, and Finds Them." New York Times, 6 Sep. 1996, A2 (N).

DCI John M. Deutch said in a speech at Georgetown University on 5 September 1996 that the CIA "is recruiting informers on terrorism at a rate that far outstrips past efforts."

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