CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY

The 1960s

Generally

L - O

Lansdale, Edward Geary. In the Midst of Wars: An American's Mission to Southeast Asia. New York: Harper & Row, 1972. [Reprint] New York: Fordham University Press, 1991.

According to Surveillant 2.1, Lansdale "recounts his missions with CIA in the Philippines and, later, in Vietnam during the 1950s and 1960s." For biographies of Lansdale, see Cecil B. Currey, Edward Lansdale: The Unquiet American (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1988); and Jonathan Nashel, Edward Lansdale's Cold War (Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press, 2005).

Lewis, Jonathan E. Spy Capitalism: Itek and the CIA. New Haven, CT, and London: Yale University Press, 2002.

Day, IJI&C 16.1, finds that the author "definitely did his homework for this impressive book, a history of the creation of Itek, the company that built the cameras for the very successful CORONA reconnaissance satellite program during the 1960s.... Lewis approaches his subject both from a business and an intelligence perspective, a truly unique combination.... Spy Capitalism is a major addition to the literature on intelligence."

For Robarge, Studies 47.1, Lewis "writes in clear, although occasionally choppy, prose that is free from business jargon." Haines, Diplomatic History 28.3, points to the unique perspective presented in this work. The author examines the technological "revolution in intelligence and the liaison between corporate America and government from the view of a corporate player, Itek, and its management team.... [T]he best part of Lewis's book is his description of the struggle for control and contracts for the follow-on system to CORONA."

Maddrell, Paul. "The Scientist Who Came in from the Cold: Heinz Barwich's Flight from the GDR." Intelligence and National Security 20, no. 4 (Dec. 2005): 608-630.

Based on documents from the GDR Ministry of State Security (MfS), the author concludes that Barwich began spying for the CIA around September 1962 in exchange for assistance in getting his family out of the GDR when he carried out his planned defection. He, then, defected in 1964. Barwich "is the most distinguished scientist to spy for the CIA yet to be revealed." See also, Heinz and Elfriede Barwich, Das Rote Atom (Munich and Bern: Scherz Verlag, 1967).

Maddrell, Paul. "The Western Secret Services, the East German Ministry of State Security and the Building of the Berlin Wall." Intelligence and National Security 21, no. 5 (Oct. 2006): 829-847.

Although "the Communists' principal motive for closing the sectoral border in Berlin was to stop the flight of refugees..., the border closure was also motivated by security considerations.... [T]he Western secret services did not fail to see what might happen" and, in fact, "made extensive preparations to ensure that their operations could continue in the harder conditions which would ensue."

Mader, Julius. Who's Who in CIA. East Berlin: Julius Mader, 1968.

Petersen comments that this work was "[s]ponsored by German Democratic Republic." Brandt's NameBase review says that "Mader paints with a broad brush. He admits ... that his listings include former OSS, military intelligence (even during WW2), State Department personnel who have done 'work for CIA,' FBI counterintelligence, and also the occasional politician who sat on this or that intelligence committee. Generally when Mader includes a name, it's merely an indication that Mader found this person interesting for one reason or another, and further research and corroboration is needed before any conclusions can be drawn."

See Paul Maddrell, "What We Have Discovered about the Cold War Is What We Already Knew: Julius Mader and the Western Secret Services during the Cold War,” Cold War History 5, no. 2 (May 2005): 235-258.

Maheu, Robert, and Richard Hack. Next to Hughes. New York: HarperCollins, 1993.

Robert A. Maheu died at the age of 90 on 4 August 2008. See Matt Schudel, "Robert Maheu, 90; Tycoon's Aide, CIA Spy," Washington Post, 6 Aug. 2008, B5.

Surveillant 2.4 notes that this book includes a "somewhat breathless insider's account of Maheu's role in a small part of Operation Mongoose -- the code name given to the second Bay of Pigs operation.... [He] adds little that is new." According to NameBase, "Maheu tells about his work for the CIA (he was the CIA-Mafia liaison for the assassination attempts on Castro).... But in the end Maheu sees himself as just another nice guy who got taken for a ride, and many of his readers will feel that there's still plenty he'd prefer not to share with commoners like us."

Martin, David C. Wilderness of Mirrors. New York: Harper & Row, 1980. New York: Ballantine Books, 1981.[pb] Wilderness of Mirrors: Intrigue, Deception, and the Secrets That Destroyed Two of the Cold War's Most Important Agents. New York: Harper & Row, 2003. [pb]

In Cram's opinion, this is the "best and most informed book written about CIA operations against the Soviet target in the 1950s and 1960s." Martin tells an "exciting and generally accurate story." The book was "well received by almost every reviewer" with the exception of Epstein and Angleton. Writing in 2009, Robarge, Studies 53.4 (Dec. 2009), says that "[d]espite its age, Wilderness of Mirrors remains the most balanced treatment of Angleton and CIA counterintelligence." However, there is a complete lack of sourcing. The subtitle of the 2003 reprint is "overwrought."

Petersen adds that Martin "presents information on postwar counterintelligence activities of the CIA and FBI focusing on James Angleton and William Harvey. Based on inside information, it is well regarded by most experts." NameBase notes that "[i]n the case of the most famous spy of the century, Harvey's instincts were better than Angleton's.... Kim Philby ... was close to Angleton, whom he had known in wartime London. But he was also a KGB penetration agent, and it was Harvey rather than Angleton who figured this out."

To Constantinides, this book is "a penetrating look into some issues and challenges faced by CIA, and the cognoscenti recognize it as based on information stemming from the bowels of that agency." Nevertheless, "the work has a number of flaws, both major and minor." For example, the rivalry between Harvey and Angleton, so central to the book, did not exist, and Harvey was hardly of transcending importance within CIA.

Messer, W. Alan. "In Pursuit of the Squared Circle: The Nosenko Theories Revisited." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 26, no. 3 (Fall 2013): 457-452.

Whatever his stated purpose, the author clearly comes on the side of Tennent Bagley's Spy Wars (2007).

Meyer, Cord. Facing Reality: From World Federalism to the CIA. New York: Harper & Row, 1980. 2d ed. Washington, DC: University Press of America, 1982.

Clark comment: Meyer's autobiography covers from the author's undergraduate years at Yale through 26 years with the CIA. Among other assignments, Meyer headed the CIA's International Organizations Division and (from 1962) the Covert Action Staff. It was in this position that Meyer's name became well known because of the Ramparts revelations in 1967 concerning CIA funding for the National Student Association. In 1973, Meyer became chief of station in London. He retired from the CIA at the end of 1977. Because of the positions he held and his close association with the use of covert political action as a weapon of the Cold War, Meyer's judicious presentation continues to be worth reading.

Cord Meyer, Jr., died on 13 March 2001 at the age of 80. Controversial to the end, the Washington Post found it necessary to correct the astonishingly misleading headline on Meyer's obituary. See Graeme Zielinski, "Key CIA Figure Cord Meyer Dies; Headed 'Dirty Tricks Department,'" Washington Post, 15 Mar. 2001, B6. The correction reads: "A headline on the obituary of Cord Meyer on March 15 incorrectly described his CIA role. As assistant deputy director for plans of the CIA, he was the number two figure in its Plans Directorate, sometimes referred to as the 'dirty tricks department.'" Washington Post, 16 Mar. 2001, B6.

Pforzheimer calls Facing Reality "an important and carefully written book." Similarly, Lowenthal finds it useful for giving a "sense of CIA views and outlook during the height of the Cold War."

Although only incidentally of intelligence interest, there is now a biography of Meyer's wife, killed in 1964 in the area of the C&O Canal towpath: Nina Burleigh, A Very Private Woman: The Life and Unsolved Murder of Presidential Mistress Mary Meyer (New York: Bantam, 1998). See Evan Thomas' review, Washington Post, 11 Oct. 1998, X5.

Morris, George. CIA and American Labor: The Subversion of the AFL-CIO’s Foreign Policy. New York: International Publishers, 1967.

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