CHINA

Intelligence Relations with the United States

Included here:

1. Generally

2. Defection of PLA Colonel (2001)

3. U.S. Monitoring Sites

4. Collision with U.S. EP-3e (2001)

5. PRC Presidential Plane Bugged (2002)

 

1. Generally

Harris, Francis. "FBI Cracks Down on China's Elusive Army of Amateur Spies." Telegraph (London), 17 Aug. 2005. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]

"The FBI is deploying hundreds of new agents across America to crack down on spying by a small army of Chinese agents who are stealing information designed to kick-start high-tech military and business programmes. The new counter-intelligence strategy reflects growing alarm at the damage being done by spies hidden among the 700,000 Chinese visitors entering the US each year."

Mann, James. About Face: A History of America's Curious Relationship with China: From Nixon to Clinton. New York: Knopf, 1999.

Fontaine, IJI&C 13.2, calls About Face a "lucid, balanced account of Sino-American diplomatic exchanges over the last quarter century."

Wise, David. Tiger Trap: America's Secret Spy War with China. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2011.

Goulden, Washington Times, 7 Jun. 2011, finds that "[b]ased on extensive interviews with FBI counterintelligence officers," the author "offers a fascinating primer on how MSS [Chinese Ministry of State Security] tradecraft differs from that of the old KGB." Wise has produced "a groundbreaking and highly readable account" of Chinese espionage activities. Peake, Studies 55.3 (Sep. 2011), sees Tiger Trap as "a good account of contemporary Chinese espionage involving American targets," which also "explains Chinese modus operandi and tradecraft, reveals connections between operations, and identifies principal players."

For Mattis, IJI&C 25.1 (Spring 2012), this is a "compelling and engaging" book. However, it "largely fails ... to update the American experience with Chinese intelligence, instead relying on worn-out analysis of the Chinese." Nonetheless, it "helps fill in the gaps left by the Cox Committee report and the book by former Department of Energy intelligence chief, Notra Trulock" [Code Name Kindred Spirit (2002)].

2. Defection of PLA Colonel (2001)

Pomfret, John. "Senior Chinese Military Officer Defects to U.S." Washington Post, 23 Mar. 2001, A18. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"[K]nowledgeable U.S. sources" have confirmed that a "senior colonel" in the Chinese PLA "defected to the United States while visiting as part of a delegation of Chinese officers." Chinese sources "identified him as a member of the foreign affairs department of the army's general staff who was involved in managing China's military relations with the United States and disarmament issues."

3. U.S. Monitoring Sites

Lardner, George, Jr., and R. Jeffrey Smith. "Intelligence Ties Endure Despite U.S.-China Strain." Washington Post, 25 Jun. 1989, A1, A24.

Marder, Murrey. "Monitoring Not-So-Secret-Secret." Washington Post, 19 Jun. 1981, A10.

Smith, Charles. "Our Pact with Nuclear Danger." WorldNetDaily.com, 4 May 1999. [http://www.worldnetdaily.com]

Since a 1978 agreement between President Carter and Chinese Premier Deng Xioping, "CIA and Chinese Army intelligence agents [have] jointly share[d] two military radio signal intercept stations in China. The two sites are located deep inside the far-western province of Xinjiang at Qitai and Korla....

"The original intention of the joint U.S-Sino pact was to watch Soviet missile launches and nuclear tests during the cold war.... Today, the Soviet Union is no more. There is nothing for the sites at Qitai and Korla to monitor." Yet, "a 1995 'Chinagate' document forced from the Clinton administration by Federal Court,... suggests that the joint PLA/CIA operation to gather signals from Russia may not have ended with the Cold War. Operations at these two sites appear to have expanded to include Asian military communication, radar and computer networks."

Taubman, Philip. "U.S. and Peking Jointly Monitor Russian Missiles." New York Tmes, 18 Jun. 1981, A1, A14.

Toth, Robert C. "U.S., China Jointly Track Firings of Soviet Missiles." Los Angeles Times, 18 Jun. 1981, 1, 9.

4. Collision with U.S. EP-3e (2001)

5. PRC Presidential Plane Bugged (2002)

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