World War II

J - Z

Johnston, Peter. Cooper's Snoopers and Other Follies: A Memoir about Spies, Diplomats and Other Rascals. Victoria, BC: Traffors, 2002. Illustrated ed., 2006. [pb]

From publisher: "Peter Johnston, retired ambassador, tells a story of five years in the Canadian Army in the Second World War, much of them spent as a sergeant in counter-intelligence, including close to two years rounding up amateur spies and other nasties in Italy. He writes of later years in the Canadian foreign service, some of them working with the Royal Canadian Mounted Police Security Service and many of them engaged in examining assessments of intelligence during the Cold War, entailing close contacts with the British and American intelligence authorities."

Kelly, John Joseph. "Intelligence and Counterintelligence in German Prisoner of War Camps in Canada during World War II." Dalhousie Review 58, no. 2 (Summer 1978): 285-294.

Maclaren, Roy. Canadians Behind Enemy Lines, 1939-1945. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1981. 2004. [pb]

Concerns Canadians who worked with various Allied organizations and European Resistance forces during World War II.

Murray, Gil. The Invisible War: The Untold Story of Number One Canadian Special Wireless Group. Toronto: The Dundurn Group, 2001.

Jensen, I&NS 17.3, notes that this work tells the first-hand story of the 300 members of the Number One Canadian Special Wireless Group (1CSWG), sent to Australia early in 1945. The focus of the work is on "the human dimension of the men of 1CSWG," but there is "a paucity of details of interest to the historian."

For Kruh, Cryptologia 27.2, the author "does a commendable job" telling the story of 1CSWG "until he veers off to involve other historical figures with erroneous information.... Murray has done a remarkable job of unearthing information which had been virtually buried by the Official Secrets Act.... It is a fascinating story worth your reading though the lack of an index is regrettable."

Nadler, John. A Perfect Hell: The True Story of the FSSF, Forgotten Commandos of the Second World War. Toronto: Doubleday Canada, 2005. A Perfect Hell: The True Story of the Black Devils, the Forefathers of the Special Forces. New York: Presidio, 2006. [pb]

DKR, AFIO WIN 5-06 (30 Jan. 2006) says that this book "tells the story of the First Special Service Force [FSSF]. Made up of volunteers from the US and Canadian armies,... [i]t participated in the assault against the German winter line in southern Italy, the defense of the Anzio beachhead, the liberation of Rome and the invasion of southern France. Its nickname, the Black Devils [Schwartzer Teufel], was conferred by the much larger German force it fought at Anzio."

For McClain, Air & Space Power Journal 21.3 (Fall 2007), this book is "[m]ore than a compilation of historical facts and figures"; it allows the reader "to sit down with the survivors" of the First Special Service Force (FSSF) "and hear their own words.... A very readable book with no discernable historical flaws, A Perfect Hell has my highest recommendation."

Page, Don. "Tommy Stone and Psychological Warfare in World War Two: Transforming a POW Liability into an Asset." Journal of Canadian Studies 16, no. 3&4 (Fall-Winter 1981): 110-120.

Phillips, Lester H. "Canada's Internal Security." Canadian Journal of Economics and Political Science 12 (Feb. 1946): 18-29.

Aronson, I&NS 1.3/377/fn. 18, identifies this article as "an overview of Canada's wartime internal security regulations."

Rohwer, Jürgen, and W.A.B. Douglas. "Canada and the Wolf Packs, September 1943." In The RCN in Transition, 1910-1985, ed. W.A.B. Douglas, 159-186. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1988.

St. John, Peter. "Canada's Accession to the Allied Intelligence Community 1940-1945." Conflict Quarterly 4, no. 4 (1984): 5-21. [Petersen]

Southworth, Samuel A., ed. Great Raids in History: From Drake to Desert One. New York: Sarpedon Publishers, 1997.

Eggenberger, History 26.2, finds that "[o]n the whole,... the stories are well done and make for interesting reading." Included in the 19 raids discussed are Lawrence of Arabia, Otto Skorzeny, the Canadians at Dieppe, the Chindits in Burma, and the U.S. hostage-rescue raids on Son Tay and in Iran. Additionally, in a concluding chapter on the future of such raids, the Israeli raid at Entebbe is "well discussed."

Stafford, David. Camp X: Canada's School for Secret Agents, 1941-45. Toronto: Lester and Oprey Dennys, 1986. Harmondsworth: Viking/Penguin, 1986. Camp X: SOE and the American Connection. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1986. New York: Pocket Books, 1988. [pb]

Clark comment: Stafford provides a scholarly account of this SOE training base on the Canadian side of Lake Ontario, which was used by the British in providing some initial training for OSS secret operatives. Charles, I&NS 15.2, finds Camp X to be a "well-researched account" of the secret training base. Stafford also "corrects much of the mythology surrounding British intelligence in the Americas promoted by Stevenson's A Man Called Intrepid." See also, Lynn-Philip Hodgson, Inside-Camp X (1999) and Daniel P. King, "Trip to Camp X," Intelligencer 19.2 (Summer-Fall 2012): 27-30.

Vance, Jonathan F. Unlikely Soldiers: How Two Canadians Fought the Secret War Against Nazi Occupation. Toronto: HarperCollinsCanada, 2008.

From publisher: SOE parachuted Ken Macalister and Frank Pickersgill into France "just as the underground network they were to join was cracked open by the Germans." They died in Buchenwald concentration camp.

Wark, Wesley K. "Cryptographic Innocence: The Origins of Signals Intelligence in Canada in the Second World War." Journal of Contemporary History 22, no. 4 (Oct. 1987): 639-665.

Among other aspects of the beginning of signals intelligence in Canada, this article examines the role played by Herbert Yardley in establishing the Examination Unit.

Wilford, Timothy. "The Enemy Within and the Pacific Threat: Canadian Security Intelligence in British Columbia, 1942–45." Intelligence and National Security 27, no. 4 (Aug. 2012): 531-558.

From abstract: "Recently declassified intelligence files show that several factors influenced the way in which Canadian authorities viewed 'the enemy within' and 'the Pacific threat'. During the Pacific War, the Canadian conscription policy, public complacency, wartime allegiances and enemy activity along the coast all impacted the way in which security intelligence was collected and interpreted in British Columbia."

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