World War II

A - I

Allan, Catherine E. "A Minute Bletchley Park: Building a Canadian Naval Operational Intelligence Centre, 1939-43." In A Nation's Navy: In Quest of a Canadian Naval Identity, eds. Michael L. Hadley, Rob Huebert, and Fred W. Crickard, 157-172. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1996.

Avery, Donald H.

1. "Allied Scientific Co-operation and Soviet Espionage in Canada, 1941-45." Intelligence and National Security 8, no. 3 (Jul. 1993): 100-128. Also, In Espionage: Past, Present, Future? ed. Wesley K. Wark, 100-128. London: Frank Cass, 1994.

2. The Science of War: Canadian Scientists and Allied Military Technology during the Second World War. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1998.

From card catalog description: "This book explains how and why Canada was able to play in the big leagues of military technology, particularly in the development of radar, RDX explosives, proximity fuses, chemical and biological warfare, and the atomic bomb. It also investigates the evolution of the Canadian national security state, which attempted to protect defence secrets both from the Axis powers and from Canada's wartime ally, the Soviet Union."

Beeby, Dean. Cargo of Lies: The True Story of a Nazi Agent in Canada. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1996.

According to Hoffman, WIR 15.3, Beeby tells the story of the relationship between the RCMP's security service and Werner Alfred Waldemar von Janowski. The Nazi agent landed in Canada from a U-boat in November 1942, and less than 12 hours later he was in custody. The RCMP sought to run Janowski as a counterintelligence double agent; and, as told by the author, showed little flair for these kinds of complicated operations. The reviewer says that "Beeby exhibits a deft touch in his telling of the story, playing it out with suspense worthy of a novel."

Booknews, 1 Jun. 1996, reports that the author "argues that the Canadian authorities were woefully unprepared for coping with a serious spy and that their mishandling of the case had long-term consequences that affected relations with their intelligence partners in the Cold War."

Bieler, Jacqueline. Out of Night and Fog: The Story of Major Guy Bieler. Ontario: CEF Books, 2008.

Clibbon, CBC News, 4 May 2010, notes that Gustave "Guy" Bieler was one of 25 Canadians recruited into SOE; only 10 survived. Bieler was captured and killed by the Nazis while working with the French Resistance. The author is Bieler's daughter.

Bryden, John. Best-Kept Secret: Canadian Secret Intelligence in the Second World War. Toronto: Lester Publishing, 1993.

For Surveillant 3.4/5, this is a "fascinating account of Canada's involvement in ULTRA intelligence." The author chronicles the activities of a "crack team of cryptographers who were essential to the Allied war effort." Bryden is "an investigative historian." Despite pointing out a considerable number of errors related to cryptologic matters, Kruh, Cryptologia 19.1, concludes that the author "provides a worthwhile and comprehensive account of Canada's secret intelligence contributions in World War II with new information and interesting details." Sexton gives Best-Kept Secret a "highly recommended" notation.

Brown, I&NS 10.3, complains that the book suffers from "periodic gaps in logic and arguments based on emotional appeal," and the author too often "avoid[s] putting forward a strong, well-thought-out and cohesive argument." In addition, Bryden "depicts the past in absolute terms, rather than offering a complex view of history.... [H]e conveys certainty where at present there can be none." The author's "main strengths lie in his treatment of individuals; his profiles and accounts of their actions are even-handed and fair.... The one exception is his surprisingly hostile depiction of Prime Minister Mackenzie King." Bryden's "footnotes are extensive and his work is based on a good deal of original research. But, in his pursuit of a popular audience, Bryden's research is undercut by his presentation."

Bryden, John. Deadly Allies: Canada's Secret War, 1937-1947. Toronto: McClellan and Stewart, 1989.

Conradi, Peter. "Camp X Spy School Gave Fleming Licence to Kill." Sunday Times (London), 13 Feb. 2000. []

Canadian film-maker Jeremy McCormack has produced a television documentary on Camp X, where British, U.S., and Canadian unconventional warfare training took place from 1939. See also, Hodgson, Inside-Camp X (1999); and Stafford, Camp X (1986).

Douglas, W.A.B. Out of the Shadows: Canada in the Second World War. Rev. ed. Toronto: Dundurn, 1995. D76815D651995

Douglas, W.A.B., and Jurgen Rohwer. "'The Most Thankless Task' Revisited: Convoys, Escorts and Radio Intelligence in the Western Atlantic 1941-1943." In The Royal Canadian Navy in Retrospect, 1910-1968, ed. James Boutilier, 187-234. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1982.

Sexton: "A case study of the impact of Communications Intelligence from all sources on Allied and German decisions and actions.... Essential reading."

Durovecz, Andrew. My Secret Mission: The Story of a Young Canadian in the Special Operations Executive (SOE) during World War II. Toronto: Lugus, 1996.

From publisher: The author, a Hungarian immigrant to Canada as a child, joined SOE in 1942. In 1944, "he was one of a party of four dropped by parachute on to Slovak territory." After crossing into Hungary, Durovecz was captured, but "later escaped and fought on the side of the Russians in the siege of Budapest."

Harbron, John D. The Longest Battle: The Royal Canadian Navy in the Atlantic, 1939-1945. St. Catherines, Ontario: Vanwell, 1993. D770H34

From "A picture history book of the battle of the Atlantic, examining Canada's contribution to World War II on the home front, and offshore."

Hodgson, Lynn-Philip. Inside-Camp X. Toronto: Blake Books, 1999.

This SOE training base on the Canadian side of Lake Ontario was used by the British in providing some initial training for OSS secret operatives. Hodgson maintains a Website devoted to Camp X, at Vintage photographs and excerpts from the book are included. See also, David Stafford, Camp X (1986) and Daniel P. King, "Trip to Camp X," Intelligencer 19.2 (Summer-Fall 2012): 27-30.

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