CANADA

Post-World War II

To 1989

M - R

Maloney, Sean M. "Canada's Arctic Sky Spies: The Director's Cut." Canadian Military Journal 9, no. 1 [2008]: 76-88.

"[T]he Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) conducted covert aerial collection programs throughout the 1950s, which were leveraged with the tripartite American, British, and Canadian (ABC) intelligence architecture to Canada's benefit, and they contributed to the Cold War deterrence of the Soviet Union."

Mann, Edward, and John A. Lee. RCMP vs. The People: Inside Canada's Security Service. Toronto: General Publishing, 1979.

McLoughlin, Michael. Last Stop, Paris: The Assassination of Mario Bachand and the Death of the FLQ. Toronto: Viking, 1998.

According to the author, this work "details the assassination in Paris 29 March 1971 of Mario Bachand," an FLQ member"when it first appeared in 1963. After sojurns in Cuba and Algeria, he resided in Paris until he was shot to death by two RCMP Security Service operatives in Operation Whitelaw, ordered by Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau. There are several aspects of Whitelaw which should interest readers of intelligence literature: several special services, including SDECE, CIA, MI5 and SIS were involved in the planning and implementation. Last Stop, Paris ... [also] details the elaborate disinformation surrounding the operation, involving extensive use of media."

Mount, Graeme Stewart. Canada's Enemies: Spies and Spying in the Peaceable Kingdom. Toronto and Oxford: Dundurn Press, 1993.

Munton, Don. "Intelligence Cooperation Meets International Studies Theory: Explaining Canadian Operations in Castro's Cuba." Intelligence and National Security 24, no. 1 (Feb. 2009): 119-138.

"Canadian intelligence activities in Cuba went through three stages: a 'business as usual' exchange of information and assessments...; then a period of tasked intelligence gathering during which Canadian diplomats ... responded to American requests, and finally a decade during which a designated Canadian in Havana dealt more or less directly with the US Central Intelligence Agency and State Department."

Phillips, Alan. The Living Legend: The Story of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Boston: Little, Brown, 1957. [Wilcox]

Rankin, Murray.

1. "National Security, Information, Accountability and the Canadian Intelligence Service." University of Toronto Journal 36, no. 3 (Summer 1986): 249-285.

2. "Reporting on National Security: The 'Delicate Balance' Revisited." In National Security: Surveillance and Accountability in a Democratic Society, eds. Peter Hanks and John D. McCamus, 101-112. Cowansville: Les Editions Yvon Blais, 1989.

3. "The Security Intelligence Review Committee: Reconciling National Security with Procedural Fairness." Canadian Journal of Administrative Law and Practice 3, no. 2 (Feb. 1990): 173-197.

4. "The SIRC, the Charter and the Courts." Administrative Law Review 43 (1990): 78-84.

Richelson, Jeffrey T. Foreign Intelligence Organizations. Cambridge, MA: Ballinger, 1988.

Richelson, Jeffrey T., and Desmond Ball. The Ties That Bind: Intelligence Cooperation Between the UKUSA Countries. Boston & London: Allen & Unwin, 1985. The Ties That Bind: Intelligence Cooperation Between the UKUSA Countries--the United Kingdom, the United States of America, Canada, Australian and New Zealand. 2d ed. Boston: Unwin Hyman, 1990.

Clark comment: In this work, the prolific and knowledgeable Richelson teams with Ball, Australia's preeminent intelligence scholar, to lay out the development and maintenance of intelligence cooperation and coordination among the so-called UKUSA countries, particularly in the area of signals intelligence, from World War II to the late 1980s. There are brief reviews of the British, Australia, New Zealand, Canadian, and U.S. "security and intelligence" communities.

According to Surveillant 1.2, the second edition "updates the state of the UKUSA network, incorporating events since 1985 as well as new information ... regarding pre-1985 events." But, as Wark, I&NS 7.2, notes, the revisions are minimal and fail to focus on significant changes in New Zealand's status and on sweeping changes in the structure of Canadian intelligence.

Sexton refers to The Ties That Bind as an "essential source for those seeking to understand the genesis of the Anglo-American intelligence and security network fostered by the Cold War." On the other hand, Lowenthal finds the account "[m]arred by an evident hostility" to some of the activities on which the countries collaborate and an "occasional analysis by innuendo." And Gelber, I&NS 2.1, questions whether all the facts stuffed into the book are of equal importance.

Robertson, Kenneth G. "Canadian Intelligence Policy: The Role and Future of CSIS." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 3, no. 2 (1989): 225-248.

Robinson, Bill. "The Rise and Fall of Cryptanalysis in Canada." Cryptologia 16, no. 1 (Jan. 1992): 23-38.

Ryan, Joseph F. "The Inspector General of the Canadian Security Intelligence Service." Conflict Quarterly 9, no. 2 (Spring 1989): 33-51.

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