Spy Cases


Igor Gouzenko was a Soviet code clerk who defected in Ottawa in 1945. His revelations of Soviet espionage in Canada caused a significant commotion at the time.

Barros, James. "Alger Hiss and Harry Dexter White: The Canadian Connection." Orbis 21, no. 3 (Fall 1977): 593-605.

The author argues that Igor Gouzenko, the Russian defector in Canada, had evidence linking Alger Hiss and Harry Dexter White to Soviet espionage activities. See Bruce Craig, "A Matter of Espionage: Alger Hiss, Harry Dexter White and Igor Gouzenko -- The Canadian Connection Reassessed," Intelligence and National Security 15, no. 2 (Summer 2000): 211-224, for a counter-argument with regard to evidence concerning White.

Bothwell, Robert, and J.L. Granatstein, eds. The Gouzenko Transcripts. Montreal, Canada: Deneau, 1982.

Canada. Royal Commission. The Report of the Royal Commission to Investigate the Facts Relating to and the Circumstances Surrounding the Communication, by Public Officials and Other Persons in Positions of Trust of Secret and Confidential Information to Agents of a Foreign Power. Ottawa: Cloutier, 1946.

Craig, Bruce. "A Matter of Espionage: Alger Hiss, Harry Dexter White and Igor Gouzenko -- The Canadian Connection Reassessed." Intelligence and National Security 15, no. 2 (Summer 2000): 211-224.

Abstract: Craig argues that Igor Gouzenko "did not possess a shread of evidence ... that implicated Harry Dexter White in the Soviet [espionage] conspiracy.... Gouzenko's revelations have no relevance or bearing on the espionage case relating to White."

Dufour, Paul. "'Eggheads' and Espionage: The Gouzenko Affair in Canada." Journal of Canadian Studies 16, no. 3&4 (Fall-Winter, 1981): 188-198.

Gouzenko, Igor. The Iron Curtain. New York: E.P. Dutton, 1948. Toronto: Dent, 1948. This Was My Choice. 2d ed. Montreal: Palm, 1968.

Hirsch, Richard. The Soviet Spies: The Story of Russian Espionage in North America. New York: Duell, Sloan, and Pearce 1947.

Holding, John D. "Reflections on Igor Gouzenko." The Advocates' Society Journal (Oct. 1985): 3-7.

Kavchak, Andrew. Remembering Gouzenko: The Struggle to Honour a Cold War Hero. In "Occasional Paper" Series. Toronto: Mackenzie Institute, Apr. 2004.

Knight, Amy. How The Cold War Began: The Gouzenko Affair and the Hunt for Soviet Spies. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 2005. New York: Carroll & Graf, 2006.

Peake, Studies 50.2 (2006), finds that the author "adds some new and relatively minor details to the Gouzenko story. While they do not change the substance of the case, they do describe more of Gouzenko's personal life after the defection.... Only gradually does the real reason Knight wrote [this book] become apparent: [she] argues that the primary product of the Gouzenko defection was the damage done to innocent lives due to the 'unrelenting witch-hunt for spies.'" When the "innocent lives" mentioned include Alger Hiss and Harry Dexter White, there are some problems.

For Clément, I&NS 21.2 (Apr. 2006), the author's connecting Gouzenko's defection to "American anti-communist witch-hunts" goes down without choking sounds. The reviewer sees the work as "a coherent, engaging analysis of Igor Gouzenko's legacy in the Cold War." Nonetheless, Knight's determination "to denigrate Mackenzie King at every turn" is written off as but a detail.

Goulden, Intelligencer 15.2 (Fall-Winter 2006-2007), comments that "very little is added to our knowledge of the Gouzenko matter in [this] inanely titled" book. Rather, it is "an angry riff on how the Canadians mishandled the case, and how the American Congress and FBI used Gouzenko to touch off an 'anti-communist witch hunt.'"

Sawatsky, John. Gouzenko: The Untold Story. Toronto: Macmillan, 1984. [Wilcox]

Stevenson, William. Intrepid's Last Case. New York: Villard, 1983.

Wagner, J. Richard, and Daniel J. O'Neill. "The Gouzenko Affair and the Civility Syndrome." American Review of Canadian Studies 8 (Spring 1978): 31-43.

Return to Canada Table of Contents