Post-Cold War


M - Z


MacLeod, Ian. "CSIS Probes Espionage in High-Tech Industry." Ottawa Citizen, 23 Nov. 1997, A1, A4.

CASIS Intelligence Newsletter 31/14: The author "surveys foreign governmental and corporate targeting of Canadian high-tech companies."

McAuliffe, Michael. "Joint Task Force Two: Canada's Secret Soldiers." CBC, 22 Apr. 1999. []

Joint Task Force II is an elite commando unit of the Canadian armed forces. It was formed in 1993 with a counterterrorism mission. Although "JTF2 may be domestically oriented,... at least a handful of its members are dispatched on every major Canadian peacekeeping operation." This article suggests that JTF2 may be operating in Kosovo, providing targeting information for NATO warplanes.

Mitrovica, Andrew. "Spy Agency 'Frantically' Trying to Find Mole." Globe and Mail (Toronto), 22 Nov. 1999. []

"Spymasters at the Canadian Security Intelligence Service [CSIS] are using some of the tricks of the trade to try to ferret out members of the agency who may be feeding reporters information on the stolen briefcase affair.... [I]ntelligence officers [also] ... point out that information about the unprecedented security gaffe may be flowing out of the Solicitor-General's office or the RCMP and not from CSIS members. 'The Mounties are probably having a long, good chuckle about all of this,' one CSIS officer said. Relations between the RCMP and CSIS are strained. Friction between the two agencies is longstanding and there are no signs that it is abating."

Mitrovica, Andrew, and Jeff Sallot. "The Spy Secrets in the Phone Booth." Globe and Mail (Toronto), 18 Nov. 1999. []

The Toronto man who found a CSIS computer diskette in a telephone booth in August 1996 "says it detailed -- in plain English -- the names of confidential informants and contacts, information about the service's targets and covert operations in Canada and details about espionage training exercises.... [T]he case caused changes in CSIS's internal procedures for transferring sensitive data from one location to another," federal government sources said.

Morris, Nomi.

1. "Canada Is a Key Target in the Global Race for Economic Secrets." Maclean's, 2 Sep. 1996, 26-30.

"While the Cold War may be over, the spy game certainly is not. And Canada, as demonstrated by two major spying incidents within the past year, is a key player -- both as a target of foreign espionage and, more controversially, as a clandestine collector of international intelligence."

2. "The 'Sexpionage' Trap." Maclean's, 2 Sep. 1996, 28-29.

"[T]he Canadian Embassy in Moscow continues to warn diplomats about sexual entrapment."

3. "Welcome to Spies R Us." Maclean's, 2 Sep. 1996, 30.

The author visits Spytech, "one of the most comprehensive providers of deceitful devices" in Canada, located in Toronto. Canada also has a nationwide Spy Factory chain.

4. "[Words Missing] Raise Privacy Fears." Maclean's, 2 Sep. 1996, 32-34.

The author talks with former employees of the Canadian Communications Security Establishment (CSE), Mike Frost and Jane Shorten, who argue that "CSE's activities cross the line of what is acceptable."

Nickerson, Colin. "Spy Blunder Draws Criticism in Canada." Boston Globe, 18 Nov. 1999, A4.

In Canada, "[s]ecret agents may find themselves sifting landfills for ... lost secrets amid one of the worst spy scandals in the country's history.... The Canadian Intelligence Security Service is now confirming that a top-secret document ... was stolen from the back of a spy official's minivan last month. The culprits are believed to be smash-and-grab thieves, not secret agents from enemy powers.... The incident has triggered a huge political controversy and damaged the reputation of the Intelligence Security Service, Canada's CIA."

Pearlstein, Steven. "Canadians Examine Lapses in Security: Suspected Terrorist Benefits from Bungling by Police, Immigration Agents." Washington Post, 22 Dec. 1999, A8. []

"Embarrassed Canadian officials were scrambling ... to explain how a suspected Algerian terrorist managed to elude them for nearly six years before getting caught by U.S. border police as he allegedly tried to smuggle a homemade bomb into Seattle.... Documents released ... in Ottawa and Montreal tell a tale of bungling by police and immigration officials as well as skillful manipulation of Canada's open-armed immigration system by the mysterious Algerian, Ahmed Ressam."

Porteous, Samuel D.

1. "Economic/Commercial Interests and the World's Intelligence Services: A Canadian Perspective." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 8, no. 3 (Fall 1995): 275-306.

Porteous points to announced U.S., British, Australian, and South African "intentions to increase intelligence community involvement in pursuit of economic and commercial interests.... In this environment, Canada would benefit from a high-level, thorough, and coordinated review of the proper role of its intelligence services in protecting and pursuing Canadian economic and commercial interests."

The author includes three "case studies": "Provision of Economic Intelligence to Government Policy and Decisionmakers: PROMIS Software Example," "Intelligence Service Provision of Economic Intelligence and Related Services of More Direct Interest to Commercial Actors: Korea," and "The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and the CIA: Intelligence Activity with a Substantial Impact on Commercial Interests."

2. "Economic and Commercial Interests and Intelligence Services." In Economic Intelligence and National Security, ed. Evan H. Potter, 79-127. Ottawa: Carlton University Press, 1998.

3. "Economic Espionage: Issues Arising from Increased Government Involvement with the Private Sector." Intelligence and National Security 9, no. 4 (Oct. 1994): 735-752.

The author suggests there may be a theoretical case for the use of economic espionage as part of a country's strategic trade policy.

4. "Economic Espionage: New Target for CSIS." Canadian Business Review 20, no. 4 (Winter 1993).

5. "Looking Out For Economic Interests: An Increased Role for Intelligence." Washington Quarterly 19, no. 4 (Autumn 1996): 191-204.

ProQuest: The author "examines the role of intelligence services in supporting governments' economic and commercial well-being." Many countries "have indicated that they are or will be more actively using their intelligence resources" in this way.

6. "The Threat from Transnational Crime: An Intelligence Perspective." Commentary, Winter 1996, 1-7.

Potter, Evan H.

1. "The System of Economic Intelligence Gathering in Canada." In Economic Intelligence and National Security, ed. Evan H. Potter, 21-77. Ottawa: Carlton University Press, 1998.

2. ed. Economic Intelligence and National Security. Ottawa: Carlton University Press, 1998.

Rideout, George. "Parliament and the Subcommittee on Security and Intelligence." Optimum 24, no. 2 (Autumn 1993): 105-109.

Spenser, Christopher O. "Intelligence Analysis Under Pressure of Rapid Change: The Canadian Challenge." Journal of Conflict Studies 16, no. 1 (Spring 1996): 57-74.

Villeneuve, Daniel, in collaboration with Marc-André Lefebvre. "Intelligence and the United Nations: Lessons from Bosnia -- A Canadian Experience." Military Intelligence 22, no. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1996): 22-25.

The primary author was the intelligence officer for the 3d Battalion, Royal 22d Regiment, deployed in Bosnia 30 April-30 October 1995.

Weller, Geoffrey R. "Comparing Western Inspectors General of Intelligence and Security." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 9, no. 4 (Winter 1996-1997): 383-406.

Statutory Inspectors General and or similar have been created in the Western democracies over the past 15 years as part of an "overall increase in the degree of oversight accorded intelligence agencies.... The Inspectors General have generally built up good reputations for their largely well done ... work." But "the IGs have not always been able to anticipate problems and give early warning."

Whitaker, Reg.

1. "The 'Bristow Affair': A Crisis of Accountability in Canadian Security Intelligence." Intelligence and National Security 11, no. 2 (Apr. 1996): 279-305.

2. "The Canadian Security and Intelligence System: Fighting the Last War on the Next." In Security and Intelligence in a Changing World: New Perspectives for the 1990s, eds. Stuart Farson, David Stafford, and Wesley Wark, 126-134. London: Frank Cass, 1991.

3. "Security and Intelligence in the Post-Cold War World." Socialist Register, 1992, 111-130.

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