Elcock, Ward. "CSIS Statement on Counter-Terrorism." CASIS Intelligence Newsletter 33 (Fall 1998): 9-16.
Statement by the CSIS Director to the Senate Special Committee on Security and Intelligence, House of Commons, 24 June 1998. Elcock states that "[w]ith perhaps the singular exception of the United States, there are more international terrorist groups active [in Canada] than in any other country of the world." (Emphasis in original)
1. "Accountable and Prepared? Reorganizing Canada's Intelligence Community for the 21st Century." Canadian Foreign Policy 1, no. 3 (Fall 1993): 43-66.
2. "In Crisis and in Flux? Politics, Parliament and Canada's Intelligence Policy." Journal of Conflict Studies 16, no. 1 (Spring 1996): 30-56.
3. "Is Canadian Intelligence Being Reinvented?" Canadian Foreign Policy 6, no. 2 (Winter 1999): 49-83.
4. "National Security and Parliamentary Democracy." Journal of Conflict Studies 15, no. 2 (Fall 1995): 144-149.
5. "The Noble Lie Revisited: Parliament's Five-Year Review of the CSIS Act, Instrument of Change or Weak Link in the Chain of Accountability?" In Accountability for Criminal Justice, ed. Philip Stenning, 185-212. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1995.
6. "Oversight of Canadian Intelligence: A Revisionary Note." Public Law, Autumn 1992, 377-385.
7. "Parliament and Its Servants: Their Role in Scrutinizing Canadian Intelligence." Intelligence and National Security 15, no. 2 (Summer 2000): 225-258.
From Abstract: "This study ... shows how Parliament's capacity to scrutinize Canada's intelligence community is currently inadequate.... [It analyzes] both the shortfalls in current review mechanisms and the steps Parliament would have to take to achieve better scrutiny."
8. "Restructuring Control in Canada: The McDonald Commission of Inquiry and Its Legacy." In Controlling Intelligence, ed. Glenn P. Hastedt, 155-185. London: Frank Cass, 1991.
Farson, A. Stuart, David Stafford, and Wesley Wark, eds. Security and Intelligence in a Changing World: New Perspectives for the 1990s. London: Frank Cass, 1991.
Clark comment: This volume began life as papers presented at an international conference of scholars and intelligence experts, organized by the Canadian Association for Security and Intelligence Studies (CASIS), in Ottawa in September 1989. The focus is on the Canadian scene, specifically the CSIS, but the book includes comparative studies of the U.S., British, and Australian systems. Jeffreys-Jones, I&NS 8.2, says that its "variety makes the book a stimulating collection of scholarly essays." It is "doggedly critical as well as supportive."
Finn, T. D'Arcy.
1. "Does Canada Need a Foreign Intelligence Service?" Canadian Foreign Policy 1, no. 3 (Fall 1993): 149-162.
2. "Independent Review Agencies and Accountability." Optimum 24, no. 2 (Autumn 1993): 9-22.
Frost, Mike, and Michel Gratton. Spyworld: Inside the Canadian and American Intelligence Establishments. Toronto: Doubleday Canada, 1994.
Clark comment: The focus here is on the Communications Security Establishment (CSE), Canada's partner to NSA and GCHQ. Frost is a former CSE employee; Gratton writes for the Toronto Sun.
According to Surveillant 3.6, the authors "claim that Canada's intelligence agency spied on Margaret Trudeau, on two [British] ministers ... in 1983..., and on numerous others.... One of our reviewers [Louis Tordella] found scores of errors and thought the book haphazardly produced with an eye on exposé and sales.... 'This is a book of pure revenge by an alcoholic of dubious reliability.... [The] few tidbits of truth surrounded by all the wild tales will do as much harm as if it were all true.'"
Farson, IJI&C 7.4, comments that much of the publicity surrounding this book has been about CSE intercepts between the French government and Quebec's political leaders. "For the most part, [however,] the book deals with Mike Frost's personal exploits. In themselves, they are not particularly informative.... The authors ... posit that the CSE has a formidable potential for abuse and is totally unaccountable for its actions." Frost was let go by CSE because of a drinking problem and remains "a bitter man who sees himself completely rejected by the very agency for which he sacrificed the best years of his life."
To McGehee, CIABASE January 1995 Update Report, the book "provides one of the most detailed and descriptive accounts of how close-in technical intelligence operations are conducted." Rich, WIR 15.2, calls this book a "whining account" of an "inconsequential" career; "much of what [Frost] says is rambling supposition." Chambers finds the book "a touch Ageeist. Some claims strain credulity and one has to wonder about the effects of alcohol abuse on Frost."
NameBase says that Spyworld "reveals the extensive cooperation among Canada's CSE, Britain's GCHQ, and the American NSA. The three are almost a single entity, and are able to function outside the laws of their own countries through the simple expedient of secretly shifting assignments among them whenever the legal situation might prove embarrassing. So when Margaret Thatcher asked GCHQ to spy on two of her ministers in 1983, GCHQ felt it was too hot to handle and invited CSE to visit London and bring their intercept equipment. Now the 'take' is considered 'information from a friendly agency,' no warrants are needed, and everyone is laughing all the way to their computers. Except for a couple of cabinet ministers, that is."
According to Bill Robinson (email@example.com), Canadian "newspaper reviews of the book include the following: Wesley Wark..., 'Matters of Intelligence: Canada as the Listening Post,' Globe and Mail, 12 November 1994, C26. [And] Alan MacCartney (former CSE analyst), 'Look Inside Spy Agency Raises Important Issues,' Ottawa Citizen, 11 December 1994, B4. MacCartney's conclusion is 'Read this book. It isn't a literary masterpiece, but it does raise important issues.'"
Gray, John. "Gaffes Damage Intelligence Agency's Image." South China Morning Post, 6 Dec. 1999. [http://www.scmp.com]
"Although they enjoy peace abroad and relative tranquillity at home, Canadians have come to wonder recently whether the guardians of that peace and tranquillity are really up to the job. When you get right down to it, can you have a lot of faith in an intelligence agency when one of its senior officers takes top-secret documents on holiday and leaves them in the boot of her car while she is at a hockey game?
"And what do you make of the same intelligence service when another senior officer leaves an uncoded computer disk containing the names of confidential informants and contacts in a telephone booth? And then there was the undercover Mountie who left his service revolver and a mass of information about undercover operations -- including the names, addresses and telephone numbers of other undercover Mounties -- in the boot of his car."
Hardy, James. "MI6 Helped Spy to Flee Soviet Union." Telegraph (London), 8 Jun. 1997. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]
An agent with the codename of "Gideon," "turned" by the Canadians in the 1950s and believed to have been executed by the KGB, was exfiltrated from the Soviet Union in the late-1980s on orders of Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney. "British intelligence is understood to have played a largely supervisory role in the operation, which was run by a Canadian."
Hensler, Alistair S.
"Hensler was the CSIS assistant director of operations in the late 1980s and early 1990s." Henderson, IJI&C 24.2 (Summer 2011), p. 418/fn. 1.
1. "Canadian Intelligence: An Insider's Perspective." Canadian Foreign Policy 6, no. 3 (Spring 1999): 127-132.
2. "Creating a Canadian Foreign Intelligence Service." Canadian Foreign Policy 3, no. 3 (Winter 1995): 15-35.
Kealey, Gregory S. "In the Canadian Archives on Security and Intelligence." Dalhousie Review 75 (1995): 26-38.
Lustgarten, Laurence. "Security Services, Constitutional Structure, and the Varieties of Accountability in Canada and Australia." In Accountability for Criminal Justice, ed. Philip Stenning, 162-184. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1995.
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