Post-Cold War


M - Z

Mellon, Jérôme. "The Missing Agency: The Case for a Canadian Foreign Intelligence Service." A dissertation in fulfillment of the degree Master of Arts in Intelligence and International Relations at the University of Salford, Manchester, UK. 2d ed., 2003. Available (PDF: 778k) at,, and

Mitrovica, Andrew. Covert Entry: Spies, Lies and Crimes Inside Canada's Secret Service. Toronto: Random House, 2002.

Mellon, Journal of Conflict Studies 23.1 (see finds this book to be "interesting at best, and disappointing in many ways." The author focuses on the activities and disillusionment of John J. Farrell, who worked for the CSIS while on loan from Canada Post. The view is "one-sided [which] greatly undermines the credibility of the book as the reader perceives Farrell's story as the personal vendetta of a bitter young man. In addition, Mitrovica focuses on a very limited area of CSIS operations." Nonetheless, the book "gives invaluable access to the details of some CSIS contemporary operations and to the way things get done in the field."

Peake, Studies 47.2 (2003), comments that "[w]hat is certain from reading Covert Entry is that both the author and Farrell do not feel kindly about CSIS or the Canadian Senior Intelligence Review Committee.  But their allegations remain in doubt because there is no documentation ... relevant to the charges Farrell makes."

Mitrovica, Andrew. "N. Koreans Spying in Canada: Sources." Globe and Mail (Toronto), 18 Sep. 2000. []

According to intelligence sources, "North Korean spies are operating an elaborate espionage network in Canada and have tried to steal Canadian nuclear technology abroad."

Parkinson, Ted [LTCDR]. "Has the Time Arrived for a Canadian Foreign Intelligence Service?" Canadian Military Journal 7, no. 2 (Spring 2006): 15-22.

"[P]erhaps relying too much upon another nation's intelligence data can be more harmful to the national interest in the long run than the ability to gather foreign intelligence independently. A foreign intelligence service for Canada, separate from CSIS and modest in size -- perhaps based on the ASIS model -- is, in the final analysis, in the national interest."

Pearlstein, Steven. "At Canada's Once-Secret Spy Museum, the Line Does Not Form Here." Washington Post, 17 Jan. 2000, A15. []

General report on the existence of a classified "museum" at CSIS headquarters.

Pugliese, David. Canada's Secret Commandos: The Unauthorized Story of Joint Task Force Two. Ottawa: Esprit de Corps Books, 2002.

From publisher: This book "goes behind the scenes in uncovering the missions, training and inner workings of Canada's version of Delta Force and the SAS. The book reveals the unit's most secretive plans, including details about their current mission to Afghanistan in the war against terrorism."

Pyes, Craig. "Canada Adds Details on Algerians' Suspected Bomb Plot." New York Times, 21 Jan. 2000. []

On 20 January 2000, Canadian prosecutors "offered the most detailed picture to date of a bomb plot they said stretched from Canada to Brooklyn and involved a number of Algerians, including one they said was trained at camps in Afghanistan operated by Islamic militants."

Ravensbergen, Jan. "Top Court Scolds Spy Agency: Charkaoui Case: CSIS Must Stop Destroying Evidence: Ruling." Gazette (Montreal), 27 Jun. 2008. []

On 26 June 2008, the Supreme Court of Canada, in a 9-0 decision, ordered the CSIS "to stop systematically destroying interview notes and other evidence gathered during national-security probes."

Rempel, Roy. "Canada's Parliamentary Oversight of Security and Intelligence." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 17, no. 4 (Winter 2004-2005): 634-654.

"[E]xternal oversight of Canada's security and intelligence services is weak and ... Parliament is involved hardly at all. This limited parliamentary engagement is troubling, particularly in the context of the present war on terror in which Canada is engaged."

Roach, Kent. September 11: Consequences for Canada. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2003.

Rudner, Martin. Canada's Communications Security Establishment from Cold War to Globalization. Occasional paper No. 22. Ottawa: Norman Paterson School of International Affairs, Carleton University, 2000. "Canada's Communications Security Establishment from Cold War to Globalization." Intelligence and National Security 16, no. 1 (Spring 2001): 97-128. And in Secrets of Signals Intelligence in the Cold War and Beyond, eds. Matthew M. Aid and Cees Wiebes. London: Frank Cass, 2001.

From abstract: "This essay traces the historical evolution of CSE in performing its signals intelligence function from the Cold War through [] today's more diversified and globalized security agenda, utilizing the international liaison arrangements and technological capabilities at its disposal."

Rudner, Martin. "Canada's Communications Security Establishment, Signals Intelligence and Counter-Terrorism." Intelligence and National Security 22, no. 4 (Aug. 2007): 473-490.

The author offers a survey of the experience of Canada's CSE in SIGINT counterterrorism. CSE "has undergone a far-reaching transformation in conjunction with its expanded role in the global 'war on terror.' These changes include the adoption ... of a formal statutory mandate for the CSE."

Rudner, Martin. "Canada, the UN, NATO, and Peacekeeping Intelligence." In Peacekeeping Intelligence: Emerging Concepts for the Future, eds. Ben de Jong, Wies Platje, and Robert David Steele, 371-378. Oakton, VA: OSS International Press, 2003.

Rudner, Martin. "Challenge and Response: Canada's Intelligence Community and the War on Terrorism." Canadian Foreign Policy 11, no. 2 (Winter 2004): 17-40.

Rudner, Martin. "The Future of Canada's Defence Intelligence." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 15, no. 4 (Winter 2002-2003): 540-564.

"The institutional centerpiece of Canada's Defence Intelligence capability is the J2 Division at the Department of National Defense (DND).... Over the past decade, the quantum leap in information technology and information processing has prompted a new RMA [Revolution in Military Affairs].... At present, the Canadian Forces have no definitive path to follow to realize the potential of an information technology-based RMA."

Rudner, Martin. "The Historical Evolution of Canada's Foreign Intelligence Capability: Cold War Sigint Strategy and its Legacy." Journal of Intelligence History 6, no. 1 (Summer 2006). []

Shore, Jacques J.M. "Intelligence Review and Oversight in Post-9/11 Canada." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 19, no. 3 (Fall 2006): 456-479.

"To date, Canada has demonstrated that it can achieve a balance between the protection of its citizens via security and intelligence measures, and the protection of their individual rights and freedoms from abusive government interference through review and oversight mechanisms that monitor the national police force and the state security and intelligence bodies and their activities."

Toronto Star. "Court Orders CSIS to Hand Over Secret File." 20 Oct. 2009. []

On 27 October 2009, Canadian "Federal Court Justice Simon Noel ordered [CSIS] to give him details of a confidential source the spy agency is using to support allegations" against Mohamed Harkat, who is allegedly "involved with the al-Qaida terror network." Canada "is trying to deport the Algerian-born Harkat using a national security certificate, a rarely employed immigration provision."

Villeneuve, Daniel [LTCOL]. "A Study of the Changing Face of Canada's Army Intelligence." Canadian Army Journal 9, no. 2 (2006): 18-36.

Wark, Wesley K. "Canada and the Intelligence Revolution." In Secret Intelligence in the Twentieth Century, eds. Heike Bungert, Jan G. Heitman, and Michael Wala, 776-192. London: Frank Cass, 2003.

Weller, Geoffrey R.

1. "Assessing Canadian Intelligence Literature: 1980-2000." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 14, no. 1 (Spring 2001): 49-61.

"[T]he Security Service controversies" of the late 60s and 70s "marked the real beginning of a spate of publications in the field.... Much of the intelligence writing in Canada has been performed by academics.... Increasingly, official government publications have become a useful source of information about intelligence matters in Canada.... The heavy concentration is on CSIS and the matter of oversight."

2. "The Internal Modernization of Western Intelligence Agencies." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 14, no. 3 (Fall 2001): 299-322.

The author surveys post-Cold War changes that have affected the internal workings of the civilian intelligence agencies of the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, and Australia. He touches on recruitment policies, increasing representativeness, personnel policies, management practices, and physical modernization.

Whitaker, Reg. "Keeping Up With the Neighbours? Canadian Responses to 9/11 in Historical and Comparative Context." Osgoode Hall Law Journal 41, nos.2-3 (2003): 241-264.

Whitehouse, Brian G., and Daniel Hutt. "Ocean Intelligence in the Maritime Battlespace: The Role of Spaceborne Sensors and HR Radar." Canadian Military Journal 5, no. 1 (Spring 2004): 35-42.

"There are five primary platforms for naval environmental sensors -- satellites, aircraft, in situ platforms, vessels, and shore-based installations. As all environmental platforms have limitations, the five types usually complement each other rather than compete."

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