CANADA

Post-Cold War

2000s

D - L

 

Daniels, Ronald J., Patrick Macklem, and Kent Roach, eds. The Security of Freedom: Essays on Canada's Anti-Terrorism Bill. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2002.

Daubney, David, et al., eds. How Is Canada Changing after September 11th? Montreal: Les Editions Themis, 2002.

de B. Taillon, J. Paul. "Canadian Special Operations Forces: Transforming Paradigms." Canadian Military Journal 6, no. 4 (Winter 2005-2006): 67-76.

Canadian Special Operations Forces (CANSOF) have "performed duties in a number of countries, including Bosnia, Rwanda, Afghanistan and Haiti, with operations running the gamut from protective duties for Canadian VIPs, acting as Joint Commission Observers (JCOs) in Bosnia, training Haitian police personnel, to surveillance and direct action operations in Afghanistan." (Citations omitted)

De Pierrebourg, Fabrice, and Michael Juneau-Katsuya. Trans., Ray Conlogue. Nest of Spies: The Startling Truth about Foreign Agents at Work within Canada's Borders. Toronto: HarperCollins Canada, 2009.

According to Peake, Studies 54.3 (Sep. 2010) and Intelligencer 18.1 (Fall-Winter 2010), this is "a collection of espionage anecdotes and commentaries dealing mainly with Cnada, but overlapping to the United Sttes, United Kingdom, China, and Russia." Some of the stories "have a Weekly Reader plot depiction parsimony, some are just wrong, and most are undocumented." Readers "should be watchful for careless errors and ... frugal sourcing."

Farson, Stuart. "From Theory to Practice: Canada's Long Road from Model Law to Effective Political Oversight of Security and Intelligence." In Who's Watching the Spies? Establishing Intelligence Service Accountability, eds. Hans Born, Loch K. Johnson, and Ian Leigh, 99-118. Dulles, VA: Potomac, 2005.

Farson, Stuart. "So You Don’t Like Our Cover Story -- Well, We Have Others: The Development of Canada’s Signals Intelligence Capacity through Administrative Sleight of Hand, 1941-2000.” In (Ab)Using Power: The Canadian Experience, eds. Bob Menzies, Dorothy Chunn, and Susan Boyd, 78-94. Halifax: Fernwood, 2001.

Farson, Stuart, and Reg Whitaker. "Canada." In PSI Handbook of Global Security and lntelligence: Nationol Apprcaches. Volume One: The Americas snd Asia, eds. Stuart Farson, Peter Gill, Mark Phythian, and Shlomo Shpiro, 21-51. Westport, CT: Praeger Security International,, 2008.

Freeze, Colin. "Rules Urged for Spies in Afghanistan: War Zone Work Commendable Despite Lack of Guidance, Inspector-General Says." Globe and Mail (Toronto), 9 May 2008. [http://www.theglobeandmail.com]

CSIS Inspector-General Eva Plunkett says that CSIS agents working in Afghanistan "are doing 'commendable work' but that laws governing the spy service need to be updated now that agents are being dispatched to war zones."

Hamilton, Dwight, John Thompson, Kostas Rimsa, and Robert Matas. Inside Canadian Intelligence: Exposing the New Realities of Espionage and International Terrorism. Toronto: Dundurn, 2006.

Peake, Studies 51.1 (Mar. 2007), notes the intelligence-related experience of the authors of the 14 chapters in this work, but finds that "their positions and recommendations for changes in Canadian intelligence would have greater impact had they provided sources."

Henderson, Robert D'A., and Frederick P. Hitz. Intelligence Sharing between Canada and the United States: A Matter of National Survival. Washington, DC: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, One Issue, Two Voices Series, No. 6, Jan. 2007). Available at http://www.wilsoncenter.org/sites/default/files/Canada_6.pdf.

Henderson, "We Need to Continue Bilateral Intelligence Cooperation -- but Carefully"; Hitz, "Tighten Up the Terms of Cooperation -- Don't End It!."

Hewitt, Steve. "'Strangely Easy to Obtain': Canadian Passport Security, 1933-73." Intelligence and National Security 23, no. 3 (Jun. 2008): 381-405.

The author examines "the history of abuses of Canadian passports and efforts by the Canadian government to curtain such activities." He sees the problem continuing "well into the future ... because of the nature of Canada itself."

Hubert, Ron, and James Keeley. A View from Above: Commercial Satellite Imagery, United Nations Peacekeeping and Canadian Security. Aldershot : Ashgate, 2004.

Kassam, Karim-Aly, George Melnyk, and Lynne Perras, eds. Canada and September 11th: Impact and Responses. Calgary: Detselig Enterprises, 2002.

Kinsman, Gary, Dieter Buse, and Mercedes Streedman, eds. Whose National Security? Canadian State Surveillance and the Creation of Enemies. Toronto: Between the Lines, 2000.

To Salter, JIH 3.1, this book "tackles the question of state surveillance almost exclusively from within the one-sided agenda of new-leftist civil libertarianism." This limits the "discussion to a simplistic opposition between security interventions ... and the 'resistance' of non-conformist and dissident groups.... The price paid for th[is] generalisation and superimposition ... is the complete inability to recognise that, during the twentieth century there was even a single example of the national security interests of the Canadian state being really threatened."

Krauss, Clifford. "In Antiterror Effort, Canada's Authorities Use Surveillance More Than Arrests." New York Times, 13 Mar. 2003. [http://www.nytimes.com]

Reacting to concerns about "how many of Canada's 650,000 Muslim residents have been lured into terrorism," the Canadian Parliament enacted "a sweeping antiterror bill. Security agencies now have enhanced powers to eavesdrop on citizens and confiscate suspect bank accounts.... But so far, the powers have been used only sparingly....

"A recent interview with Ward Elcock, director of the Canadian Security Intelligence Service, shed light on the reasoning behind a less invasive approach to terror prevention. Rather than detain or arrest suspects..., Canadian spies watch them, periodically interview them and share the intelligence they gather with the United States. Mr. Elcock estimated that there were currently '20 or so' people in Canada suspected of belonging to or somehow aiding Al Qaeda or Qaeda-related groups. He said Canadian intelligence monitored their telephones, computers, bank records and credit card activity, while also keeping track of people interacting with them."

Lannan, Tim [MAJ/Canada] "Interagency Coordination Within the National Security Community: Improving the Response to Terrorism." Canadian Military Journal 5, no. 3 (Autumn 2004): 49-56.

"Although interagency coordination is indeed required throughout the entire federal government infrastructure, this article will focus on the departments and agencies directly involved in combating terrorism and thus have an immediate need to coordinate their activities."

Lefebvre, Stéphane. "Canada's Intelligence Culture: An Evaluation." In Democratization of Intelligence: Melding Strategic Intelligence and National Discourse, eds. Russell G. Swenson and Susana C. Lemozy, 79-98. Washington, DC: National Defense Intelligence College Press, 2009.

Littlewood, Jeremy (Jez). "Accountability of the Canadian Security and Intelligence Community Post 9/11: Still a Long and Winding Road?" In Democratic Oversight of Intelligence Services, ed. Daniel Baldino, 83-107. Sydney: Federation Press, 2010.

Livermore, Dan. Does Canada Need a Foreign Intelligence Agency? CIPS Policy Brief No. 3. Ottawa: University of Ottawa, Centre for International Policy Studies, 2009.

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