Post-Cold War


A - C


Austen, Ian, and David Johnston. "17 Held in Plot to Bomb Sites in Ontario." New York Times, 4 Jun. 2006. []

"Seventeen Canadian residents were arrested and charged with plotting to attack targets in southern Ontario with crude but powerful fertilizer bombs, the Canadian authorities" announced on 3 June 2006. "[P]olice and intelligence officials said they had been monitoring the group for some time and moved in to make the arrests ... after the group arranged to take delivery of three tons of ammonium nitrate, a fertilizer that can be made into an explosive when combined with fuel oil."

Avis, Peter [CAPT(N)/Canada]. "Surveillance and Canadian Domestic Maritime Security." Canadian Military Journal 4, no. 1 (Spring 2003): 9-14.

"Both Canada and the US are taking maritime domestic security very seriously. It has become apparent ... that the vulnerable North American ports and seaways could be prime targets for a future terrorist attack.... By pooling our resources in maritime surveillance, and sorting out lines of command, we should be able to work together to set a reasonable maritime security system in place against the terrorist threat."

Badgley, Kerry. "Researchers and Canada's Public Archives: Gaining Access to the Security Collections." In Whose National Security? Canadian State Surveillance and the Creation of Enemies, eds. Gary Kinsman, Dieter K. Buse, and Mercedes Steedman, 223-228. Toronto : Between the Lines, 2000.

Barber, Josh. "An Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) Vision for the Canadian Forces." Canadian Military Journal 2, no. 4 (Winter 2002): 41-46.

Belelieu, Andre. "Canada Alert: The Recent Evolution in Canadian Security Policy." Hemisphere Focus 12, no. 10 (2 Sep. 2004): 1-9.

Bell, Stewart. Cold Terror: How Canada Nurtures and Exports Terrorism Abroad. Toronto: Wiley, 2004.

Gendron, IJI&C 18.2 (Summer 2005), finds that the author "draws on archival material, interviews, and insights based on his investigative work around the globe to illustrate how lack of will and political opportunism effectively signalled that Canada was soft on terrorism."

Born, Hans, Loch K. Johnson, and Ian Leigh, eds. Who's Watching the Spies? Establishing Intelligence Service Accountability. Dulles, VA: Potomac, 2005.

From publisher: The authors "examine the strengths and weaknesses of the intelligence systems of Argentina, Canada, Germany, Norway, Poland, South Africa, South Korea, the United Kingdom, and the United States."

Peake, Studies 50.2 (2006), comments that "[t]he experiences of each nation provide an interesting mosaic of desired goals and problems of implementation.... It is a timely topic and worth the attention of all those who must deal with these issues everyday as well as the general public whose civil rights are affected when oversight is too robust or inadequate." To Jacoby, DIJ 16.2 (2007), this work "succeeds greatly as an informative source on the workings of current intelligence oversight systems." However, "[t]he reader is left wanting recommendations and commentary on the ethics of intelligence oversight."

For Winn, Parameters, Summer 2006, this "valuable contribution ... addresses the central criteria that should be taken into account by any nation or international organization that hopes to place intelligence agencies under democratic supervision.... [T]he objectives are to ensure that intelligence and security agencies are insulated from political abuse, but not isolated from executive governance."

Brown, I&NS 21.6 (Dec. 2006), finds this work to be "a diappointment. Most of the material is dry and sometimes soporific. It is also biased toward the advocates of intelligence accountability," in that the "essays all address the positives of such a program, but not the negatives.... A debate format would have been much more appropriate..., and could have easily been accomplished by excluding numerous irrelevant and tedious essays."

Breede, Christian. "Intelligence Lessons and the Emerging Canadian Counter-Insurgenry Doctrine." Canadian Army Journal 9, no. 3 (2006): 24-40.

Brodeur, Jean-Paul. "The Globalisation of Security and Intelligence Agencies: A Report on the Canadian Intelligence Community." In Democracy, Law and Security: Internal Security Services in Contemporary Europe, eds. Jean-Paul Brodeur, Peter Gill, and Dennis Töllborg, 210-261. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2003.

Brodeur, Jean-Paul, Peter Gill, and Dennis Töllborg, eds. Democracy, Law and Security:  Internal Security Services in Contemporary Europe.  New York:  Columbia University Press, 2003. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2003.

Peake, Studies 47.3 (2003), notes that this work is "drawn from papers presented at two symposia in Gothenburg, Sweden, that compare intelligence services in 10 countries:  Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, Hungary, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom.  The various chapters look at historical, organizational, and political differences.... In most cases, very little has been published in English about the services discussed, and that enhances the book's importance.  For students of intelligence, and especially counterintelligence, this is a very worthwhile contribution."

For Henderson, IJI&C 17.3, this work "provides useful background reference material on several less well-known European domestic security systems." However, "the index and bibliography ... are generally weak"; and the "collection lacks, except for Spain, organizational charts for the various national communities and individual services."

Bronskill, Jim, and Mike Trickey. "Russian Spy Has Defected to Canada." National Post, 9 Mar. 2001. []

A Canadian Foreign Affairs spokesman confirmed on 8 March 2001 that Evgeny Toropov, security officer at the Russian embassy in Ottawa, had defected to Canada.

Campbell, Anthony. "Bedmates or Sparring Partners? Canadian Perspectives on the Media-Intelligence Relationship in 'The New Propaganda Age.'" In Spinning Intelligence: Why Intelligence Needs the Media, Why the Media Needs Intelligence, eds. Robert Dover and Michael S. Goodman, 165-183. New York: Columbia University Press, 2009.

Campbell, Anthony. "Canada-United States Intelligence Relations and 'Information Sovereignty.'" In Canada Among Nations 2003: Coping with the American Colossus, eds. David Carment, Fen Osler Hampson, and Norman Hillmer, 156-179. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003.

Canadian Press. "CIA-Style Agency to Cost Millions." Hamilton Spectator, 28 Oct. 2006. []

"The head of Canada's spy agency says CSIS must expand its ability to work abroad in an era when Canadians increasingly turn up in hot spots as soldiers, hostages and refugees.... Public Safety Minister Stockwell Day said in May Ottawa would either create a new spy agency or expand the mandate of CSIS. Day suggested the money needed to launch a new service -- likely tens of millions of dollars -- would not be a barrier."

Canadian Press. "Spy Agency Expanding Staff and Headquarters." Globe and Mail (Toronto), 14 Mar. 2008. []

In its annual report, the Canadian Security Intelligence Service (CSIS) says it "hired 100 new intelligence officers last year and is moving ahead with plans to expand its headquarters."

Canadian Press. "Spy Agency Gets New Secret Rulebook." 18 May 2009. []

"The federal government has laid down new rules" for the Canadian Security Intelligence Service (CSIS) "following high-profile scandals in which Canadians were tortured overseas" and "as the agency takes on more foreign operations in hotspots like Afghanistan." The ministerial directions, much of which remains classified, "cover fundamental principles, human sources, operational activities outside Canada and domestic and foreign liaison arrangements."

Canwest News Service. "Ottawa. CSIS Asks Foreign Spy Agencies to Share Files." 17 Aug. 2009. []

A public Federal Court file reveals that CSIS in July wrote "to a number of foreign spy agencies, asking them to release new information in the case of accused terrorist Mohamed Harkat.... The letters have not been made public."

Charters, David A. "Canadian Military Intelligence in Afghanistan." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 25, no. 3 (Fall 2012): 470-507.

The Canadian intelligence presence in Afghanistan was "[a] large undertaking for a small power, at its peak it represented the largest overseas deployment of

Charters, David A. "The Future of Military Intelligence in the Canadian Forces." Canadian Military Journal 2, no. 4 (Winter 2002): 47-52.

CNN. "Toronto Terror Plot Foiled -- Canada." 3 Jun. 2006. []

On 3 June 2006, Canadian police "said they have prevented a major al Qaeda-inspired terror plot to attack targets in southern Ontario. Twelve adults and five young people were arrested, authorities said.... The detained suspects are all men, Canadian residents 'from a variety of backgrounds' and followers of a 'dangerous ideology inspired by al Qaeda,' said Luc Portelance, assistant director of operations for Canadian Security Intelligence Service, in a news conference."

Cole, J. Michael. SMOKESCREEN: Canadian Security Intelligence after September 11, 2001. Bloomington, IN: iUniverse, 2008.

Peake, Studies 52.4 (Dec. 2008) and Intelligencer 17.1 (Winter-Spring 2009), admirably restrains himself and avoids directly dismissing this book by a disgruntled former Canadian Security Intelligence Service (CSIS) analyst. Nevertheless, nothing is noted to suggest that there is anything of value here. For Lefebvre, IJI&C 22.3 (Fall 2009), what the author writes "is corroborated neither by his sources nor by a proper analytic framework." His criticisms of the United States, Israel, and Canada "are couched in such simplistic and unanalyzed terms that they must be dismissed out-of-hand."

Cooper, Barry. CFIS : A Foreign Intelligence Service for Canada. Calgary: Canadian Defence & Foreign Affairs Institute, 2007. At:

"Canada's post-Cold War enemies are hidden, and Canada's diplomatic and military allies have remained economic competitors. On those grounds alone, Canada needs a Foreign Intelligence Service, CFIS, with a mandate similar to that given CSIS in the area of domestic or security intelligence."

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