CANADA

Post-Cold War

2010s

 

BBC. "Canadian Jeffrey Delisle Guilty of Spying for Russia." 11 Oct. 2012. [http://www.bbc.co.uk]

"A former Canadian naval intelligence officer has pleaded guilty to spying for Russia for several years. Sub Lt Jeffrey Delisle admitted selling Canadian and Nato intelligence to Russia for $3,000 (£1,875) a month. He worked at top secret Canadian naval military facilities and had clearance to intelligence-sharing systems linked to countries such as the US and UK.... He apparently walked into the Russian embassy in Ottawa in 2007 to volunteer his services, and was arrested in January" 2012.

Bronskill, Jim. "Canadian Agency Tracks Money Given to Islamic Militants." Canadian Press, 19 Oct. 2014. [http://www.thestar.com]

According to Director Gerald Cossette, Canada's financial intelligence agency, the Financial Transactions and Reports Analysis Centre of Canada (FinTRAC), "is actively helping police and spies follow the money flowing into the coffers of Islamic extremists fighting overseas.... The centre zeroes in on cash linked to terrorism, money laundering and other crimes by sifting through data from banks, insurance companies, securities dealers, money service businesses, real estate brokers, casinos and others."

Chase, Steven. "Intelligence Officer Charged with Passing Secrets to Foreign Interests." Globe and Mail (Toronto), 16 Jan. 2012. [http://www.theglobeandmail.com]

Sub-Lieutenant Jeffrey Paul Delisle, a "Canadian Forces officer who served for a decade inside military intelligence[,] has been charged with passing government secrets to foreign interests" over the period since 6 July 2007. "The charge is the first ever laid under Canada's rarely used Security of Information Act, passed after the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks."

Forcese, Craig. "Spies Without Borders: International Law and Intelligence Collection." Journal of National Security Law & Policy 5, no. 1 (2011): 179-210. [http://www.jnslp.com]

"Public international law rules pertaining to spying are ... a checkerboard of principles, constraining some practices in some places and in relation to some actors, but not in other cases in relation to other actors." Faced with a 2007 Canadian Federal Court decision, the Canadian Security Intelligence Service (CSIS) "has a choice: conduct extraterritorial spying without recourse to the courts, at risk of ultimately being called to account under domestic law, or honor the ... Court's construal of international law (and CSIS's jurisdiction) and pull in its truly international surveillance operations, potentially blinding the country's chief security intelligence agency."

Kislenko, Arne. "Guarding the Border: Intelligence and Law Enforcement in Canada's Immigration System." In The Oxford Handbook of National Secuity Intelligence, ed. Loch K. Johnson, 310-327. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Lefebvre, Stéphane. "Canada's Legal Framework for Intelligence." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 23, no. 2 (Summer 2010): 247-295.

"The legal framework for intelligence in Canada was not much in anyone's mind prior to 9/11, with the exception of the review mechanisms for the CSIS. [footnote omitted] As national security law has become more pervasive in its effect on individual rights, more attention is being paid to it by scholars."

Lefebvre, Stéphane and Jeremy Littlewood. "Guide to Canadian Intelligence Issues." Intelligencer 19, no. 2 (Summer-Fall 2012): 63-66.

Includes recommended readings.

Pugliese, David. "Secrecy Shrouds Canadian Spy History." Ottawa Citizen, 9 Aug. 2010. [http://www.ottawacitizen.com]

An "official history of the Canadian intelligence community ... was finished around 2001 by professor Wesley Wark.... Parts of the history have ... been released through the Access to Information law but Wark says large and crucial chunks of the study have been withheld or severely censored by the government."

Raj, Althia. "Canada Swarming with Foreign Spies: CSIS Head." Montreal Gazette, 14 Jun. 2011. [http://www.montrealgazette.com]

In the annual reportof the Canadian Security Intelligence Service presented to Parliament on 13 June 2011, CSIS director Richard Fadden said that "Canada is a hotbed of activity for foreign intelligence agencies.... Canada's strong relationship with key allies and its advanced telecommunications and mining sectors make it attractive to foreign intelligence agencies, Fadden explained." He noted, however, that "the main threat to Canada continues to be terrorism, primarily Islamist violence."

Shore, Jacques J. M. "An Obligation to Act: Holding Government Accountable for Critical Infrastructure Cyber Security." International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence 28, no. 2 (Summer 2015): 236-251.

"If Canada is to secure its critical infrastructure from emerging cyber threats, the public and private sectors must work together."

The Star (Toronto). "CSIS Chief's Blunder." 24 Jun. 2010. [http://www.thestar.com]

In an interview with CBC that aired on 22 June 2010, CSIS head Richard Fadden stated: "In at least two provinces, there are ministers of the Crown who we think are under at least the general influence of a foreign government." By the next day, "Fadden was in full retreat.... [H]e was blowing smoke, perhaps in order to reinforce his pitch for more funding for CSIS to conduct counter-espionage. In the process, he has undermined his own credibility and cast unwarranted suspicion on provincial politicians. At the very least, he should be severely reprimanded by his political masters in Ottawa."

Walsh, Patrick F. Intelligence and Intelligence Analysis. New York: Routledge, 2011.

According to Peake, Studies 56.2 (Jun. 2012) and Intelligencer 19.2 (Summer-Fall 2012), this work "examines the post 9/11 reforms in the profession in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the UK and the United States.... It is a unique contribution" to the literature.

Whitaker, Reg, Gregory S. Kealey, and Andrew Parnaby. Secret Service: Political Policing in Canada from the Fenians to Fortress America. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2012.

For Peake, Studies 59.1 (Mar. 2015), this "is an impressive history of the Canadian intelligence services." This book's final chapter "is a useful summary ... and, when read directly after the introduction, will give readers a good overview of Canadian intelligence history."

Willis, Amy. "Top Level British Secrets 'Compromised by Canadian Spy.'" Telegraph (London), 25 Jul. 2012. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]

"Jeffrey Paul Delisle, a naval intelligence officer, has been charged with selling a vast trove of top secret information between July 2007 and January 2012. Authorities are investigating whether the foreign entities involved may be Russian diplomats, following the recall of four envoys from Ottawa. Moscow has denied any links despite the diplomats having been recalled before their postings had been completed."

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