AUSTRALIA

1990s

Generally

A - L

 

Ball, Desmond J. Signals Intelligence in the Post-Cold War Era: Developments in the Asia-Pacific Region. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 1993.

Ball, Desmond, and David Horner. Breaking the Codes: Australia's KGB Spy Network, 1944-1950. St. Leonards, Australia: Allen & Unwin, 1998. Concord, MA: Paul & Co., 1998.

According to Peake, NWCR 53.3 and Intelligencer 11.2, this work "is primarily concerned with ten Australians who spied for Soviet intelligence.... The book also offers a short history of Australian intelligence, its World War II role (including naval intelligence and naval ULTRA), and its close links to Britain's Security Service (MI 5).... The book is well written and impressively documented with primary sources."

Kruh, Cryptologia 24.2, notes that the authors "cover a wide range of information including the success of the US cryptanalytic attack on VENONA." For Unsinger, IJI&C 14.1, this "is an excellent review" of the operations of the Comintern, KGB, and GRU in Australia from late in World War II to the beginning of the Korean War. Breaking the Codes provides "insight into Australia's reaction to Soviet intelligence operations" and "describes Australia's security establishment and some of the personalities who shaped its postwar development."

Barnett, Harvey. "Legislation-Based National Security Services: Australia." Intelligence and National Security 9, no. 2 (Apr. 1994): 287- 300.

Bergin, Anthony, and Robert Hall, eds. Intelligence and Australian National Security. Canberra: Australian Defense Studies Centre, 1994.

According to Herman, I&NS 12.4, the central theme in this collection of 19 conference papers is the coming shift in the center of world power to the Asia Pacific region and how intelligence might help Australia safeguard its position in the face of these changes. Overall, the book "is a distinctive contribution to the literature on intelligence's future, with a refreshing Australian directness."

Coulthart, Ross, reporter. "['Sunday' program:] Big Brother Is Listening." Channel 9 (Australia), 23 May 1999. [http://sunday.ninemsn.com.au]

Transcript of program focused on "the UK-USA alliance" that includes intelligence organizations in the UK, the United States, Australia, Canada, and New Zealand. Participants are Mike Frost (former Canadian CSE), Nicky Hager (author), Bill Blick (Australian Inspector General of Intelligence and Security), Wayne Madsen (former NSA), Jeffrey Richelson (author), and Martin Brady (Director of Australian DSD). The latter is quoted as stating: "DSD does cooperate with counterpart signals intelligence organisations overseas under the UKUSA relationship." See also, Duncan Campbell, "Careful, They Might Hear You," The Age (Melbourne), 23 May 1999.

Defence Systems Daily. "Australia Shakes Up Defence Intelligence." 28 Oct. 1999. [http://defence-data.com]

Australian Defence Minister John Moore has announced the creation of a Defence Intelligence Board (DIB) "to oversee the provision of better intelligence to support Defence and Government decision making." In addition, an Australian Imagery Organisation (AIO) has been established. The AIO "will be responsible for the collection, interpretation and use of imagery to support Australia's strategic and national intelligence needs."

The DIB's functions include "[d]irection of the overall planning and management of Defence intelligence agencies -- the Defence Signals Directorate (DSD), the Defence Intelligence Organisation (DIO), and the Australian Imagery Organisation (AIO). Martin Brady, currently Acting Deputy Secretary Strategy, will head the DIB. Ron Bonighton, formerly Head, Systems Acquisition Division (Electronic Systems), Defence Acquisition Organisation, will be Director, DSD. Frank Lewincamp, formerly First Assistant Secretary, Resources and Financial Programmes, has been appointed Director, DIO. Chris Stephens will be Director, AIO.

Friedrich, John [Pseud.], with Richard Flanagan. Codename Iago. Melbourne, Australia: William Heinemann, 1992.

Fulghum, David A. "Key Intelligence Role Seen for AEW&C." Aviation Week & Space Technology, 25 Aug. 1997, 53-55.

Australia plans to buy 55-70 airborne early warning and control (AEW&C) aircraft; they will fill a key intelligence-gathering role.

Hewett, Jennifer. "The Miserable Death of the Spy Who Wasn't." Sydney Morning Herald, 19 Jun. 1999. [http://www.smh.com.au]

An Australian Defence Intelligence Organisation (DIO) officer, Mervyn Jenkins, has hanged himself after coming "under investigation for a 'handling of documents incident' that happened several months ago." This comes in the wake of a tightening of security by the Australian service following the arrest of former DIO officer Jean-Philippe Wispeleare on spying charges in the United States.

Hocking, Jenny. Beyond Terrorism: The Development of the Australian Security State. Sydney: Allen & Unwin, 1993.

Horner, David. SAS -- Phantoms of the Jungle: A History of the Australian Special Air Service. Sydney: Allen & Unwin, 1991.

Lustgarten, Laurence. "Security Services, Constitutional Structure, and the Varieties of Accountability in Canada and Australia." In Accountability for Criminal Justice, ed. Philip Stenning, 162-184. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1995.

 

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