Wright

Wright, Evan. Generation Kill: Devil Dogs, Iceman, Captain America, and the New Face of American War. New York: Putnam, 2004. New York: Berkley, 2005. [pb]

The author was an embedded journalist with a platoon of First Reconnaissance Battalion Marines in the invasion of Iraq. This book is an expanded version of a three-part series in Rolling Stone magazine.

[MI/Marines/00s; MI/Ops/Iraq/Books]

Wright, Jeffery W. "Intelligence and Economic Security." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 5, no. 2 (Summer 1991): 203-221.

[GenPostwar/Econ/Govt][c]

Wright, Lawrence. "The Spymaster: Can Mike McConnell Fix America’s Intelligence Community?" The New Yorker, 21 Jan. 2008. [http://www.newyorker.com]

This is a lengthy and wide-ranging article based on the author's multiple interviews with McConnell. He does not answer the question raised in the title.

[DNI/08]

Wright, Lawrence. Looming Tower: Al Qaeda and the Road to 9/11. New York: Knopf, 2006.

A 2007 Pulitzer Prize winner. Peake, Studies 51.1 (Mar. 2007), says the author "tells a compelling story of the key men behind the [9/11] attack," that is, those who formed al Qaeda. The book "is wonderfully written and thoroughly documented."

[Terrorism/00s/Gen]

Wright, Malcolm. If I Die: Coastwatching and Guerrilla Warfare behind Japanese Lines. Sydney: Lansdowne Press, 1965. New York: Ginn, 1966.

[WWII/FEPac/AIB]

Wright, Marshall N. "Battlespace 2000: Intelligence Communications for Deployed Naval Forces." American Intelligence Journal 17, no. 3/4 (1997): 59-64.

The focus here is on (1) the requirement for the Battle Group Commander for intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance products and (2) the introduction into the fleet of the Common High Bandwidth Data Link - Surface Terminal on carriers.

[MI/Navy/90s][c]

Wright, Patricia. "Loris-Melikov: Russia, 1880-1." History Today 24 (Jun. 1974): 413-419.

Calder notes that this article "[m]entions the role of the secret police" in discussing the granting of extraordinary powers to the Russian general to deal with the revolutionary movement in Tsarist Russia.

[Russia/Historical]

Wright, Peter, with Paul Greengrass. Spycatcher: The Candid Autobiography of a Senior Intelligence Officer. New York: Viking, 1987. UB271G72W758

Cram sees the book as "filled with errors, exaggerations, bogus ideas, and self-inflation"; nevertheless, it "is one of the outstanding works in the field of intelligence literature.... [I]t is so full of bombast, the joy of the hunt, English eccentricities, and factual data that it must be required reading for anyone interested in intelligence." It is Wright's obsession that "beginning with Golitsyn's 1963 visit to England,... the British services, particularly MI-5, were penetrated by the Russians."

According to Smith, IJI&C 2.1, Spycatcher is "uneven, bitter, sloppy, and fascinating." The author "bitterly resents the small size of his gov't pension.... The generally sober and convincing description of his work is certainly the most interesting part.... [E]xaggeration and distortion ... are less apparent there than in the sections dealing with the activities into which Wright branched out. These include spy-pursuing...; in particular, his efforts to identify his boss, Sir Roger Hollis, as a Russian spy.... [T]he parts ... concerned with the pursuit of Hollis have more than their share of the purple prose and unconvincing, sometimes ludicrous, details that come and go in the book."

NameBase focuses on the history of the book, commenting that "Wright's book was a major challenge to Britain's secrecy laws, as British officials banned the book and then tried unsuccessfully to win an injunction against publication in a widely-reported trial in Australia. This of course guaranteed that the book would be a bestseller, whereupon some of Wright's allegations received more attention than they probably deserved."

For Gelber, I&NS 4.2, the book is "full of fascinating stories and vignettes.... [But] Wright clearly has several chips on both shoulders about the British class system and public school attitudes.... He emerges from his own story as quirky, dogged and pernickety.... He is not a particularly admirable man."

Clark comment: The credibility of Gelber's review is lessened by some glaringly off-the-mark -- and in the final analysis unnecessary -- remarks. For example, he avers that intelligence "[s]ervices employ full-time special and disinformation staffs to confuse comment, for instance by leaking selected or even entirely fictional accounts of some operation or career." The implication of large numbers of people engaged in manipulation of the public record simply does not reflect reality. And he follows that by arguing that "the CIA fabricated an entire Penkovsky 'diary,'" a mantra heard often over the years from anti-CIA types but an untruth that has long been put to rest for those who pay attention to such things.

See also D. Cameron Watt, "Fall-out from Treachery: Peter Wright and Spycatcher," Political Quarterly 59 (Apr.-Jun. 1988): 206-218.

[CIA/Angleton; UK/Memoirs/ColdWar; UK/Postwar/SpycatcherCase; UK/SpyCases/Debate]

Wright, Peter. The Spycatcher's Encyclopedia of Espionage. Richmond and Victoria: William Heinemann Australia, 1991.

Surveillant 2.1: "A witty, bitter, get-even 'core dump.'"

[RefMats; UK]

Wright, Richard H.  "Information Operations: Doctrine, Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures." Military Review 81 (Mar.-Apr. 2001): 30-32.

[GenPostwar/InfoWar]

Wright, Richard O., ed. Whose FBI? LaSalle, IL: Open Court, 1974.

Wilcox: "Critical account"; "collection of articles."

[FBI/To90s]

Wright, Robert. Our Man in Tehran: The True Story Behind the Secret Mission to Save Six Americans During the Iran Hostage Crisis and the Foreign Ambassador Who Worked with the CIA to Bring Them Home. Toronto: HarperCollins Canada, 2010. New York: Other Press, 2011.

Peake, Studies 55.3 (Sep. 2011), notes that this work "not only adds much new detail to the Canadian role, but tells for the first time of Taylor's contribution as a surrogate CIA 'liaison officer.' ... An amazing story, skillfully told." Writing as one of the 52 Americans held by the Iranians, Daugherty, IJI&C 25.2 (Summer 2012), finds that the author's "insights provide a fuller view of the multiple aspects of the hostage crisis, including new information not previously reported." The book "reads like good fiction but instead captures the accuracy and intensity of a very real and very dangerous time."

[Canada/Diplomats; CIA/80s/Iran/Exfiltration]

Wright, Robin. "Dell Dailey: Soldier, Counterterrorism Warrior." Washington Post, 24 Aug. 2007, A13. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

Retired Lt. Gen. Dell Dailey has been named to head the State Department's counterterrorism office. He replaces CIA legend Henry "Hank" Crumpton.

[OtherAgencies/State; Terrorism/00s/Gen]

Wright, Robin. "In From the Cold and Able to Take the Heat." Washington Post, 12 Sep. 2005, A17. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"[A]fter almost a quarter-century as a spy or station chief on at least four continents, [Henry 'Hank'] Crumpton has emerged from undercover to take the job as State Department Coordinator for Counterterrorism -- with the very public rank of ambassador."

Crumpton "is the mysterious 'Henry' in the Sept. 11 commission report, which notes he persistently pressed the CIA to do more in Afghanistan before Osama bin Laden's terrorist spectaculars.... Tapped to head the CIA's Afghan campaign after the attacks, Crumpton is 'Hank' in Gary C. Schroen's 'First In: An Insider's Account of How the CIA Spearheaded the War on Terror in Afghanistan' and Bob Woodward's 'Bush at War.' Both books recount how Crumpton crafted a strategy partnering elite intelligence and military officers in teams that worked with the Afghan opposition.... The novel and initially controversial approach worked at limited cost in human life and materiel -- and avoided the kind of protracted U.S. ground war that the Soviet Union lost."

[CIA/00s/Gen; MI/Ops/Afghanistan; OtherAgencies/State; Terrorism/00s/Gen]

Wright, Robin. "State Dept. Losing a Top Figure in Terror War." Washington Post, 19 Dec. 2006, A5. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

According to a senior official on 18 December 2006, State Department counterterrorism chief Henry A. "Hank" Crumpton will leave the government in the new year. Crumpton, a career CIA covert officer, took over the State Department job in August 2005.

[CIA/00s/Gen; MI/Ops/Afghanistan; OtherAgencies/State; Terrorism/00s/Gen]

Wright, Robin. "State's Security Bureau Takes On Expanded Role: Protective Force Grows in Terror Era." Washington Post, 7 Sep. 2004, A21. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"[W]ith almost 1,400 special agents and a staff of 32,000, the [State Department's] ... Bureau of Diplomatic Security has more agents deployed around the world than any other U.S. law enforcement agency." Beyond its protection mission, "Diplomatic Security is also in charge of investigations," from threats against U.S. "diplomatic facilities overseas to visa and passport fraud, a central component in the war on terrorism." The organization is headed by "Ambassador Francis X. Taylor, assistant secretary of state for diplomatic security and director of the Office of Foreign Missions."

Diplomatic Security "runs the Anti-Terrorism Training Assistance program, which has trained more than 36,000 officials in 130 countries, according to the bureau. Its annual budget has grown from $5 million to $200 million. It also administers the Rewards for Justice program -- which has paid out more than $57 million to about three dozen people since 1984 -- for information to 'prevent, frustrate or resolve acts of terrorism against U.S. interests,' according to State Department documents."

[OtherAgencies/State]

Wright, Robin, and Dan Eggen. "Leak Inquiry Includes Iran Experts in Administration." Washington Post, 4 Sep. 2004, A4. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"FBI counterintelligence investigators have ... questioned current and former U.S. officials about whether a small group of Iran specialists at the Pentagon and in Vice President Cheney's office may have been involved in passing classified information to an Iraqi politician or a U.S. lobbying group allied with Israel." Pentagon officials insist that "FBI questions about key policymakers did not mean they were the subjects of the intelligence leak investigation. Senior Pentagon officials have said they were told by the FBI that the investigation is focused on just one suspect..., Lawrence A. Franklin, an Iran specialist in [Undersecretary of Defense for Policy Douglas J.] Feith's office."

[SpyCases/U.S./Franklin]

Wright, Stuart A. Armageddon in Waco: Critical Perspectives on the Branch Dividian Conflict. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995.

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