Williams, K-Z


Williams, Kathleen Broome. Secret Weapon: U.S. High-Frequency Direction Finding in the Battle of the Atlantic. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1996.

Jonkers, AIJ 17.1/2, notes that this book tells the "story of the development of an effective shipborne HF/DF device during WW II, including the interaction between naval and industry professionals as well as operational activities." Erskine, IJI&C 10.2, concludes that the author "puts the development of shipborne HF-DF into its overall context" and has produced a "fine book" that "deserves to be read by any one interested in naval SIGINT or the Battle of the Atlantic."

To Kruh, Cryptologia 21.2, the author "does a masterful job in revealing for the first time, the details behind the development, operation in combat by the U.S. Navy, and success of a most effective 'secret' weapon." For Bates, NIPQ 14.1, the author's criticisms of the people and organizations that impeded the development of shipboard HF/DF are justified, but she "is a little unkind in not trying to place these efforts in the context of the times."

Herwig, I&NS 12.4, finds that "Williams is on solid ground in concluding that the Battle of the Atlantic was won not by any single device or development, but rather by a multiplicity of factors" that included HF/DF. Nevertheless, this book will disappoint "those seeking hard evidence of the role of HF/DF in the great Atlantic convoy battles."


Williams, Kieran, and Dennis Deletant. Security Intelligence Services in New Democracies: The Czech Republic, Slovakia and Romania. London: Palgrave, in association with the School of Slavonic and East European Studies, University College, London, 2001.

Wiant, Studies 46.4, finds that this work "is serious scholarship, rich in the theories of democratization and with a well-considered framework for comparative analysis of the progress that the new governments have made. The authors provide excellent, brief histories of the security services, and detail the unique circumstances that have characterized the development of each one." Overall, "legislative scrutiny remains relatively weak in all three countries.... At the present, the wide-open and spirited press, living off leaks from within the services, is the most effective watchdog over these organizations."


Williams, Manuela. "Mussolini's Secret War in the Mediterranean and the Middle East: Italian Intelligence and the British Response." Intelligence and National Security 22, no. 6 (Dec. 2007): 881-904.

From abstract: Despite the fragmentation of the Italian Fascist intelligence services, "[t]heir ability to establish relations ... with Arab nationalist leaders and their intense activities in British colonies, protectorates and mandates generated concern within the British Foreign and Colonial Offices. Meanwhile, poor intelligence coordination and assessment coupled with misguided assumptions about the nature of Arab nationalism hindered Britain's response to the challenge mounted by Mussolini's regime."

[UK/WWII/AfME & Med; WWII/Eur/Italy]

Williams, Phil. "Intelligence and Nuclear Proliferation: Understanding and Probing Complexity." Strategic Insights 5, no. 6 (Jul. 2006). Available at: http://www.ccc.nps.navy.mil/si.

The focus of nuclear nonproliferation efforts today is "in large part on proliferation networks. These networks range from criminals trafficking nuclear materials from the former Soviet Union through the Caucasus, Balkans, and Central Asia, to the A.Q. Khan network which was, in effect, a privatized nuclear diffusion network."


Williams, Robert. "Commanders and Surprise." Studies in Intelligence 26, no. 3 (Fall 1982): 9-19.

Westerfield: "How commanders should handle intelligence."


Williams, Robert Chadwell. Klaus Fuchs: Atom Spy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1987.

Williams, Robert H. "Economic Spying by Foes, Friends Gains Momentum." Signal, Jul. 1992, 56 ff. [http://www.us.net/signal]


Williams, Robert H. "Intelligence Establishment Faces Cuts, Consolidation." Signal, Jun. 1991, 76 ff. [http://www.us.net/signal]


Williams, Robert H. "Intelligence Community Girds for Cyberwar; Major Snafus Possible with Low Tech Effort." National Defense, Oct. 1998, 4.

Quotes remarks by Deputy Defense Secretary John J. Hamre, "at a NATO meeting in Vienna," and by DIRNSA Lt. Gen. Kenneth A. Minihan, "in an appearance before the Governmental Affairs Committee," to the effect that threats to the U.S. digital information infrastructure should be taken seriously.


Williams, Robert H.  "U.S. Intelligence Community in Throes of Reorganization."  National Defense, Nov. 1995, 14-15.


Williams, Robert V., and Ben-Ami Lipetz, eds.  Covert and Overt: Recollecting and Connecting Intelligence Service and Information Science. Medford, NJ: Information Today, 2005. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 2005.

According to Brooks, NIPQ 22.2 (Apr. 2006), this "is a collection of articles and recollections of members [of the American Society for Information Science and Technology] who have served at one time in the Intelligence field and subsequently have made careers as librarians, computer scientists, and other fields related to the structured process of storing and retrieving data.... Many of the articles are 'sea stories', but there are also serious reflections on the application of the information science to the intelligence profession."

Peake, Studies 50.4 (2006) and Intelligencer 15.2 (Fall-Winter 2006-2007), comments that although some of its material is outdated, the book is "[g]ently thought provoking." For Kleppinger, DIJ 16.2 (2007), "this book offers a unique collation of perspectives on how intelligence agencies have managed information in the past." However, it "suffers from deficits of contemporaneousness, unevenness, and poor structure."


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