Barton Whaley


Whaley, Barton. Codeword Barbarossa. London & Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1973.

According to Constantinides, Whaley's central thesis is that "Hitler did succeed in deceiving Stalin about his intentions in 1941." In keeping with his model, Whaley finds the key to the surprise in deception activities. The author is "first-rate in research, and his industry and ability to relate diverse data are laudable." Some critics point out, however, that there is no specific evidence that Stalin was influenced by German deception operations. Pforzheimer comments that this work "has much to offer the serious student of intelligence," whether or not one agrees with all of the author's interpretations.

[Russia/WWII/Gen; WWII/Eur/Ger]

Whaley, Barton. Detecting Deception: A Bibliography of Counterdeception Across Time, Cultures, and Disciplines. 2d ed. Washington, DC: Foreign Denial & Deception Committee, National Intelligence Council, Mar. 2006. [CD accompanying Defense Intelligence Journal 15, no. 2 (2006)] Detecting Deception: A Bibliography of Counterdeception Across Time, Cultures, and Disciplines -- Supplement to the Second Edition. Washington, DC: Foreign Denial & Deception Committee, National Intelligence Council, 2007.

Presenting this unique reference tool, Lawrence K. Gershwin, NIO for Science and Technology and Chairman, Foreign Denial and Deception Committee, NIC/ODNI, identifies it as an "impressive and comprehensive bibliography ... on the theory and practice of 'Counterdeception.'" He notes that this work "is more than a mere listing of sources: each entry includes [Whaley's] personal commentary, as well as an overall score for relevance."

From "Preface to the Second Edition": "The First Edition of this work ... listed 2,146 books and articles. This Second Edition ... lists an additional 298 items. Moreover, most of the original items have been revised, mainly by enlarged annotations."

Peake, Studies 50.4 (2006) and Intelligencer 15.2 (Fall-Winter 2006-2007), calls this work "a unique, extremely valuable, and often ... surprising contribution to the field.... Whaley's candid, incisive, and robust opinions ... will save the reader considerable time." With regard to the supplement to the second edition, Peake, Studies 52.1 (Mar. 2008) and Intelligencer 16.1 (Spring 2008), notes that Whaley has added 253 new items and revised 49 others. "This is another valuable contribution from the pre-eminent bibliographer in the field."

[GenPostwar/Deception/Gen; MI/Deception; RefMats/Topics/Deception]

Whaley, Barton. STRATAGEM: Deception and Surprise in War. Boston: Artech House, 2007.

According to Peake, Studies 51.4 (2007), the author presents the "results of his research in two parts. The first discusses the history, theory, and ethics of stratagem, as well as counterdeception.... Part two contains case-study summaries of 115 instances of surprise in warfare -- 68 strategic, 47 tactical, that formed the basis for his work." Although this work "is well footnoted and each case has its own bibliography, it lacks an index, which complicates its use. Nonetheless, if one is after the basics of the subject, STRATAGEM is a good place to start."

Constantinides refers to a four-volume, unpublished manuscript of the same title by the author, and notes Whaley's "pathbreaking" effort to deal with "a subject of great importance not only in warfare but also to intelligence and national security."

[GenPostwar/Deception/Gen; MI/Deception]

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