Walsh, David C. "Friendless Fire?" U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 129.6 (Jun. 2003), 58-64.

This article basically focuses on refuting the conclusions of A. Jay Cristol, The Liberty Incident (2002).


Walsh, Edward J. "Technology Supports Seamless Intelligence, Electronic Warfare." Signal, Aug. 1996, 35 ff. [http://www.us.net/signal]


Walsh, Elsa. "Learning to Spy: Can Maureen Baginski Save the F.B.I.?" Intelligencer 14, no. 2 (Winter-Spring 2005): 31-38. Reprinted from New Yorker, 8 Nov. 2004, 96-103.

In May 2003, Maureen A. Baginski left NSA to run the FBI's new Office of Intelligence. She had been head of Signals Intelligence at NSA since October 2000, in which position she seems to have been a significant change-agent. The article looks at some of the problems Baginski has sought to address at the FBI, and quotes from Philip D. Zelikow, John MacGaffin, and others on some of the difficulties still facing the Bureau as an intelligence organization.


Walsh, Gary L. "No Special Rules for Special Operations: The Relationship of Law and the Judge Advocate to SOF." Special Warfare 2 (Fall 1989): 4-11.


Walsh, James Igoe. The International Politics of Intelligence Sharing. New York: Columbia University Press, 2010.

Hanley, Proceedings 136.3 (Mar. 2010), is unimpressed by this work that seeks to examine "intelligence sharing among nation states from the perspective of the social scientist.... For starters, the issues raised ... have been dealt with at length by the executive and legislative branches." The author does not mention Executive Order 12333, the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Protection Act of 2004, "or other critical policy and legal documents." This book "doen't add anything substantial to th[e] conversation" about the most effective ways and means of accomplishing the "universally understood ends of intelligence."

For Webb, Studies 54.4 (Dec. 2010), the author "offers a timely way to rethink what drives intelligence-sharing relationships." Walsh puts forward "an argument on intelligence sharing that stresses state interests rather than trust alone.... His most thought provoking analysis is in cases where state interest in sharing intelligence and worries about unreliable partners are both high, much like the US-Pakistan relationship as seen by some today."

Phythian, Perspectives on Politics 8.4 (Dec. 2010), sees this "tightly argued book" proposing a solution to the problem of international intelligence sharing "based on an application of the principles of relational contracting, a branch of transaction cost economics.... [T]his is an interesting, distinctive, and bold proposal," but there are problems contained in an approach that accepts the existence of dominant and subordinant states. To Lefebvre, I&NS 26.2&3 (Apr.-Jun. 2011), this is "a solid theoretical contribution to the field of intelligence studies."


Walsh, Lawrence E. Firewall: The Iran-Contra Conspiracy and Cover-Up. New York: Norton, 1997.

Elliott, Newsweek, 9 Jun. 1997, comments that the author's "central argument is straightforward: ... members of the Reagan administration broke the law. They then lied and delayed investigations in order to build a 'firewall' around Ronald Reagan.... Unfortunately, Walsh shed little light on the great remaining mystery of Iran-Contra: did Reagan know Iranian cash was being diverted to Nicaragua?"

For Dunn, Choice, Nov. 1997, this is a book that "should be approached with reservations"; it is self-serving and biased, and the author seeks to blame almost everyone but himself for the lack of concrete results from his investigation. Nevertheless, it is "a lively, outspoken, readable account ... of what happened from Walsh's perspective."


Walsh, Lawrence E.

1. Final Report of the Independent Counsel for Iran-Contra Matters, Vol 1: Investigations and Prosecutions. Washington, DC: United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, August 4, 1993. Available at: http://www.fas.org/irp/offdocs/walsh/.

2. Iran-Contra: The Final Report. New York: Time Books/Random House, 1994. E876W35

This book reproduces Volume I, "Investigations and Prosecutions," of the three-volume Final Report of the Independent Counsel for Iran-Contra Matters. The other two volumes reproduced "indictments, plea agreements, interim reports to the Congress, and administrative matters" and "comments and materials submitted by individuals and their attorneys responding to Volume I of the Final Report."

According to Choice, Nov. 1994, this volume "explains two interconnected secret US government operations: (1) the arms transfers to Nicaraguan contra rebels ... and (2) the sale of arms to Iran by the Reagan administration." The Final Report is "a devastating indictment of the behavior of officials at the highest level of the Reagan administration."


Walsh, Maurice. G2: In Defence of Ireland: Irish Military Intelligence 1918–45. Cork: Collins, 2010.

From publisher: "Michael Collins was the first Director of Intelligence and during the War of Independence, the IRA succeeded ... in the intelligence war against the British army and the Royal Irish Constabulary." During World War II, "G2 was involved in counter-espionage, propaganda and maintaining Ireland's pro-Allied neutrality.... The work of cryptologist Dr. Richard Hayes was essential to the war effort as it ensured German codes were decrypted for the Director of G2 and then passed to London."

Augusteijn, History Ireland 18.3 (May-Jun. 2010), is not impressed with this book. The author "does not really engage with modern scholarship" in discussing the period of the Anglo-Irish War" and "[t]he chapter on the interbellum also lacks substance." The reviewer sees Walsh as much too partisan in his conclusions. In addition, "the book would have benefited from a substantial amount of editing. It lacks coherence," and "[i]t is inconsistently footnoted."

For the reviewer in Books Ireland (Summer 2010), that the author comes to his subject from the inside may have been a hindrance given "Army loyalties, mess anecdotes and a nervous overreliance on established historians." Walsh's "account is badly structured, repetitious and clumsily written." Nevertheless, "[w]hat becomes clear is that some leading officers had little or no proper military education and allowed anglophobia to influence their actions."

[OtherCountries/Ireland/ToWWII & WWII]]

Walsh, Michael. "Iowa-Born, Soviet-Trained." Smithsonian 40, no. 2 (May 2009): 40-47.

This article traces what is known about George Koval's life and his espionage activities for the Soviet Union. The "GRU spy code-named Delmar" may, "with the exception of ... Klaus Fuchs,... have done more than anyone to help the Soviet Union achieve ... nuclear parity with the United States in 1949."


Walsh, Michael J. [LTCOM/USN (Ret.)], and Greg Walker. Seal! From Vietnam's Phoenix Program to Central America's Drug Wars: Twenty-Six Years with a Special Operations Warrior. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994. New York: Pocket, 1995. [pb]

From back cover: "This is the extraordinary story of Lt. Cmdr. Michael J. Walsh, a veteran of twenty-six years of combat with the Navy's ... SEALs." Merrill, www.milmag.com, notes that Walsh served five tours in Vietnam and "in several other countries, including Panama, Bolivia, Ecuador, Grenada and Lebanon. His duties in these countries involved training, intelligence, surveillance and some combat operations in Panama and Grenada."

[MI/Navy/SpecOps; MI/SpecOps]

Walsh, Michael L. "OPSEC in History." Military History 7, no. 1 (1981): 6-11.

This article reviews operational security activities and concepts from the American Revolution to the late 1970s.


Walsh, Patrick F. "Building Better Intelligence Frameworks Through Effective Governance." International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence 28, no. 1 (Spring 2015): 123-142.


Walsh, Patrick F. Intelligence and Intelligence Analysis. New York: Routledge, 2011.

According to Peake, Studies 56.2 (Jun. 2012) and Intelligencer 19.2 (Summer-Fall 2012), this work "examines the post 9/11 reforms in the profession in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the UK and the United States.... It is a unique contribution" to the literature.

[Australia/Gen; Canada/10s; OtherCountries/NewZealand; Reform/10s; UK/PostCW/Gen]

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