U.S. Department of State

Foreign Relations of the United States

1969 - 1976


U.S. Department of State. Office of the Historian. Gen. ed., Edward C. Keefer. Foreign Relations of the United States, 1969-1976.

Volume II. Organization and Management of U.S. Foreign Policy, 1969-1972. Ed., David C. Humphrey. Washington, DC: GPO, 2006. [http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ho/frus/nixon/ii/index.htm]

Hanyok, I&NS 23.5 (Oct. 2008), notes that this volume includes a "substantial section .. on the intelligence community in the early years of the Nixon presidency": "The Intelligence Community and the White House," pp. 361-660.


Vol. VI. Vietnam, January 1969–July 1970. Eds., Edward C. Keefer and Carolyn Yee. [http://history.state.gov/historicaldocuments/frus1969-76v06]

From "Overview": "This volume covers Vietnam in the context of the larger war that included the conflicts in Laos and Cambodia, and ... also the role of Thailand in Laos.... The focus of the volume later shifts to the issue of the deterioration of the secret war in Laos in March 1970. In March and April 1970,... the volume moves its focus to Cambodia, culminating with the U.S.-South Vietnamese invasion of that country in an effort to attack the North Vietnamese troops in their sanctuaries. The volume concludes with the withdrawal of U.S. forces from Cambodia."

Volume VII. Vietnam, July 1970–January 1972. Eds., David Goldman and Erin Mahan. [http://history.state.gov/historicaldocuments/frus1969-76v07]

From "Overview": This volume "documents President Nixon's penchant for secret operations and covert warfare: his continued support for secret bombing campaigns in Cambodia and Laos and his approval of the November 1971 Son Tay raid into North Vietnam to rescue American prisoners of war. Nixon also signed off on new and continuing information gathering initiatives and propaganda that supported intelligence operations against Communist forces, organizations, and governments in South Vietnam, North Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos. Additionally, he approved clandestine support for South Vietnamese political entities friendly to the United States. These operations are documented in some detail to demonstrate the role of covert actions in support of overt political and military operations."

Volume VIII. Vietnam, January–October 1972. Ed., John Carland. [http://history.state.gov/historicaldocuments/frus1969-76v08]

From "Overview": "The Easter Offensive ... represents the most significant event in Indochina for U.S. policy in this period, and documentary coverage of the event dominates the volume, concentrating mainly on what happened in North and South Vietnam, policy formulation and decision making in Washington, and the negotiations in Paris. Only a very small number of documents relate to events and policy in Laos and Cambodia, and then only as they relate to events and policy in Vietnam."

Volume IX. Vietnam, October 1972–January 1973. Ed., John Carland. [http://history.state.gov/historicaldocuments/frus1969-76v09]

From "Overview": "In the wake of unproductive December meetings [with the North Vietnamese], Nixon took one of his most controversial decisions: re-mining Haiphong Harbor and ordering an air campaign against the Hanoi-Haiphong complex..... North Vietnam agreed to return to the negotiating table, and [South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van] Thieu agreed to the new terms. In early January 1973, Kissinger and [North Vietnamese representative] Le Duc Tho returned to Paris and in several days of hard bargaining ironed out the last details of the settlement."


Volume XII. Soviet Union, January 1969-October 1970. Ed., Erin R. Mahan. Washington, DC: GPO, 2006. [http://history.state.gov/historicaldocuments/frus1969-76v12]

This volume contains a number of documents on covert action against the Soviet Union. See http://www.fas.org/irp/cia/product/frus1969.pdf.

[CA/Gen/To79; GenPostwar/70s/Gen]

Volume XIV. Soviet Union, October 1971-May 1972. Eds., David C. Geyer, Nina D. Howland, and Kent Sieg. Washington, DC: GPO, 2006. [http://history.state.gov/historicaldocuments/frus1969-76v14]

[CA/Gen/To79; GenPostwar/70s/Gen]

Volume XIX, Part 1. Korea, 1969-1972. Eds., Daniel J. Lawler and Erin R. Mahan. Washington, DC: GPO, 2010. [http://history.state.gov/historicaldocuments/frus1969-76v19p1/media/pdf/frus1969-76v19p1.pdf]


Volume XXIX. Eastern Europe; Eastern Mediterranean, 1969–1972. Eds., James E. Miller, Douglas E. Selvage, and Laurie Van Hook. Washington, DC: GPO, 2007. [http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/97935.pdf]

From "Preface": "The coverage of this volume is split almost equally between Eastern Europe and the Eastern Mediterranean [i.e., Greece, Cyprus, and Turkey].... The second chapter [of the Eastern Europe section] is ... a general one. It deals with U.S. Government policy and the bureaucratic debate about -- and ultimately, the decision on how to fund -- Radio Free Europe ... and Radio Liberty."

[CA/Radio; GenPostwar/70s/Gen; OtherCountries/Cyprus, Greece, & Turkey]

Volume XXXIV. National Security Policy, 1969–1972. Ed., M. Todd Bennett. Washington, DC: GPO, 2011. [http://static.history.state.gov/frus/frus1969-76v34/pdf/frus1969-76v34.pdf]


Volume E-10. Documents on American Republics, 1969-1972. Eds., Douglas Kraft and James F. Siekmeier. Washington, DC: GPO, 2009. [http://history.state.gov/historicaldocuments/frus1969-76ve10]

From "Preface": "This volume includes documentation on U.S. relations with Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, and Venezuela. Coverage of El Salvador and Honduras is limited to a chapter on the U.S. response to the 1969 'Soccer War.'... Chapters on Bolivia and Uruguay will be added once they have completed the declassification process.... [R]elations with Barbados, Trinidad and Tobago, and the colonies and overseas territories of European powers are not covered here. Documentation on relations with Chile between 1969 and September 1973 will be published in a separate volume."

Steven Aftergood, "State Dept Alters Stance on Uruguay History," Secrecy News, 4 Aug. 2009, notes that in its original form, this volume made no mention of Uruguay. The statement above is from the revised version.


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