U.S. Department of Justice


U.S. Department of Justice. "Press Release: Three Charged with Acting as Foreign Agents for the People's Republic of China" 15 Nov. 2005. [http://losangeles.fbi.gov/dojpressrel/pressrel05/china111505.htm -- not found 7/20/08]

On 15 November 2005, a federal grand jury in Los Angeles indicted Chi Mak; his wife, Rebecca Laiwah Chiu; and his brother, Tai Wang Mak, "on charges of acting as agents of a foreign government without prior notification" to the U.S. Attorney General. "According to the affidavit in support of the criminal complaint, Chi Mak was an engineer for ... Power Paragon. Allegedly, Chi Mak transferred data relating to a sensitive government project to his home, where his wife assisted him in copying the information onto CDs. Chi Mak delivered the CDs to his brother, who encrypted the information and ... allegedly planned to travel to the PRC to deliver the information."


U.S. Department of Justice. Commission for the Review of FBI Security Programs [Webster Commission]. A Review of FBI Security Programs. Washington, DC: 31 Mar. 2002. Available at: http://www.fas.org/irp/agency/doj/fbi/websterreport.html.

From "Executive Summary": This commission "was established in response to possibly the worst intelligence disaster in U.S. history: the treason of Robert Hanssen.... During our review of FBI security programs, we found significant deficiencies in Bureau policy and practice. Those deficiencies flow from a pervasive inattention to security.... In the Bureau, security is often viewed as an impediment to operations, and security responsibilities are seen as an impediment to career advancement." See also, Walter Pincus, "Hanssen Blamed for Identifying 50 FBI Informants to Russians," Washington Post, 6 Apr. 2002, A4.

[FBI/00s/02 & 00s/Hanssen]

U.S. Department of Justice. Federal Bureau of Investigation. Los Angeles Division. "Press Release: Charges Brought Against Mother and Son for Acting as Agents of a Foreign Government." 7 Jun. 2006. [http://losangeles.fbi.gov/pressrel/2006/la060706.htm -- not found 3/8/09]

On 7 June 2006, Fuk Heung Li and her son, Billy Yui Mak, "were indicted ... by a grand jury on charges of lying to the government and acting as agents" of the PRC. The two are respectively the wife and son of Tai Mak, charged in November 2005 "with failing to register as an agent of a foreign government."


U.S. Department of Justice. Federal Bureau of Investigation. Los Angeles Division. "Press Release: Five Family Members Face New Charges of Conspiring to Export U.S. Defense Articles to China and Lying to Federal Investigators." 25 Oct. 2006. [http://losangeles.fbi.gov/pressrel/2006/la102506.htm -- not found 3/8/09]

On 25 October 2006, a federal grand jury added a superseding indictment against five family members previously charged with acting as agents of the PRC. The indictment "adds counts of conspiracy to export [U.S.] defense articles to China, attempted and actual export of [U.S.] defense articles to China, possession of property in aid of a foreign government and making false statements" to federal investigators. "Court documents ... allege that unidentified co-conspirators from the PRC provided Chi Mak with tasking lists that requested specific defense information, including sensitive areas of U.S. Naval research concerning nuclear-powered submarines."


U.S. Department of Justice. Federal Bureau of Investigation. Office of the Inspector General. A Review of the FBI's Performance in Uncovering the Espionage Activities of Aldrich Hazen Ames. Washington, DC: Apr. 1997. [http://www.justice.gov/oig/special/9704.htm]

This is the "unclassified executive summary," dated 21 April 1997, of a 400-page report delivered by the FBI Inspector General, Michael R. Bromwich, to the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, the Attorney General, the FBI Director, and the DCI on 15 April 1997.


U.S. Department of Justice. Office of the Inspector General. The CIA-Contra-Crack Cocaine Controversy: A Review of the Justice Department's Investigations and Prosecutions. Washington, DC: Dec. 1997. [http://www.fas.org/irp/agency/doj/oig/c4rpt/exsump1.htm#IV]

From "Introduction": "[O]ur review did not substantiate the main allegations stated and implied in the Mercury News articles....We did not find that Blandon, Meneses, or the other Contra supporters referred to in these articles received special consideration or leniency with regard to their investigation or prosecution by the Department of Justice because of their Contra connections....

"Moreover, the implication that the drug trafficking by the individuals discussed in the Mercury News articles was connected to the CIA was also not supported by the facts.... Finally, we found that neither Blandon's supply of cocaine to Ross nor Ross' own drug dealing was the cause of the crack explosion in Los Angeles or across the United States, as the articles implied."


U.S. Department of Justice. Office of the Inspector General. A Review of the FBI's Performance in Deterring, Detecting, and Investigating the Espionage Activities of Robert Philip Hanssen. Washington, DC: Aug. 2003. [Available at: http://www.fas.org/irp/agency/doj/oig/hanssen.html]

Clark comment: This is the 31-page unclassified executive summary of Justice Department Inspector General Glenn A. Fine's report. It provides a public version of the main findings in the lengthier classified reports, two classifications levels of which were prepared.

The summary states: "In 1985 and 1986, the CIA and FBI lost nearly every significant human asset then operating against the Soviet Union. These losses were unprecedented in scope, quantity, significance, and timing, yet the FBI undertook no sustained effort to determine their cause. Senior management was almost entirely unaware of the scope and significance of these losses, and throughout the 1980s the FBI failed to work cooperatively with the CIA to resolve the cause of these losses or to thoroughly investigate whether an FBI mole could be responsible for these setbacks. We now know that Hanssen compromised many of the assets and operations lost during the mid-1980s."

Jonkers, AFIO WIN 33-03, 22 Aug. 2003, calls the report "a painful picture of our Cold War FBI counter-espionage posture.... The report of this long-running espionage and treason-from-within is disturbing reading. It confirms my own suspicion, based on career observations, of the security (or systemic insecurity) of some HUMINT assets, even if never imagined in this proportion and magnitude. The report shows the damage from leadership feuds and bureaucratic turf protection, such as between the Justice Department and the FBI, which possibly colors this DoJ/OIG report on the FBI to some extent.... This is an interesting report, worth reading in full."

According to Dan Eggen, "Report: Spy Gained From FBI Laxity," Washington Post, 15 Aug. 2003, A4, Fine's report says that "Hanssen ... was a reckless and 'mediocre agent' who succeeded because of the bureau's poor oversight and lax security.... The inspector general's findings ... appear to differ sharply from previous characterizations by many Justice Department and FBI officials, who had sought to portray Hanssen as a savvy and experienced counterintelligence agent who outwitted pursuers."


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