U.S. Department of Energy


U.S. Department of Energy. "Press Release -- Energy Secretary Richardson Orders Department-wide 'Security Stand-Down': Latest Action To Immerse Employees In Intense Security Education, Training." 29 Jul. 1999. [http://www.energy.gov]


U.S. Department of Energy. "Press Release -- Richardson Announces Results of Inquiries Related to Espionage Investigation." 12 Aug. 1999. [http://www.energy.gov]

On 12 August 1999, Energy Secretary Bill Richardson "announced the results of [three] inquiries into specific aspects of the espionage investigation" at the DOE's Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) by the independent Office of the Inspector General. The Secretary said, the report makes clear that DOE's "political and career management failed to give necessary attention to counterintelligence and security. That combined with the lack of accountability, unclear communication with other agencies and dysfunctional reporting relationships was fertile ground for the problems that occurred during the investigation. There was a total breakdown in the system."


U.S. Department of Energy. "Press Release -- Richardson Announces Seven New Initiatives To Strengthen DOE's Counterintelligence Efforts." 17 Mar. 1999. [http://www.energy.gov]

On 17 March 1999, Energy Secretary Bill Richardson "formally unveiled" before the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence "seven new initiatives to strengthen the Department's ability to prevent the loss of sensitive information."


U.S. Department of Energy. "Press Release -- Richardson Names Director for DOE's Office of Intelligence." 5 Oct. 1998. [http://www.energy.gov]

Energy Secretary Bill Richardson has named Lawrence H. Sanchez to be the Department's Director of the Office of Intelligence. Sanchez will serve on detail from the CIA beginning at the end of October.


U.S. Department of Energy. "Press Release -- Richardson Selects Security 'Czar.'" 16 Jun. 1999. [http://www.energy.gov]

On 16 June 1999, Energy Secretary Bill Richardson "named General Eugene E. Habiger as the Director of a new high-level Office of Security and Emergency Operations. Habiger, who has been commander in chief of the U.S. Strategic Command, retired from the United States Air Force in 1998." See also, Jeff Gerth, "Retired General to Oversee Security for Nuclear Weapons Labs," New York Times, 17 Jun. 1999.


U.S. Department of Energy. "Press Release -- Richardson Toughens Requirements for Unclassified Foreign Visits and Assignments: Policy Directive Strengthens Controls over Foreign Nationals at DOE Facilities." 14 Jul. 1999. [http://www.energy.gov]

"The Visits and Assignments Policy Office will act as a central accounting center to track and analyze the details of foreign visits and assignments to DOE facilities to ensure that these are conducted in a secure manner."


U.S. Department of Energy. "Press Release -- Richardson Unveils Security Reform Package." 11 May 1999. [http://www.energy.gov]

On 11 May 1999, Energy Secretary Bill Richardson "unveiled the largest, most sweeping reform of security programs in the department's history. The announcement includes the creation of a new high-level Office of Security and Emergency Operations and improved oversight, increased nuclear materials inventory accountability, additional cyber-security improvements, a zero-tolerance security policy, new counterintelligence measures, accelerated safeguard and security improvement goals, more physical upgrades, cyber-threat training, and an extension of the executive order on automatic declassification."


U S. Department of Energy. "Press Release -- Secretary of Energy Advisory Board Releases Report on Energy Department's Foreign Visits and Assignments Program: Board Calls Continued International Exchange Essential." 8 Jun 1999. [http://www.energy.gov]

On 8 June 1999, the Secretary of Energy Advisory Board (SEAB) "released a report which concludes that broad scientific benefits of international collaborations" at DOE's "national laboratories make it essential to the scientific and technological strength of the United States. In addition, the report says that foreign national visitors and assignees can safely have managed access to DOE's laboratories and other facilities without jeopardizing national security."


U.S. Department of Energy. "Press Release -- Secretary Pena Strengthens DOE Intelligence Programs: Establishes New Offices of Counterintelligence and Intelligence." 10 Feb. 1998. [http://www.energy.gov]

On 10 February 1998, Energy Secretary Federico Pena announced a reorganization of Department intelligence programs, to be implemented over the next four months, which "creates two new offices, an Office of Counterintelligence and an Office of Intelligence. Both will report directly to the Secretary and Deputy Secretary of Energy....

"The new Office of Counterintelligence ... will be headed by Edward Curran, currently a senior manager" at the FBI, "where he serves as a section chief in the National Security Division.... The new Office of Intelligence will be responsible for foreign intelligence analysis. Notra Trulock, the current director of energy intelligence, will continue in that capacity. Trulock is currently on an Intergovernmental Personnel Act assignment from the Los Alamos National Laboratory. There will be a competitive selection for a permanent director for the new office."


U.S. Department of Energy. "Press Release -- Secretary Richardson Orders Additional Measures to Strengthen Security at Department of Energy Sites: Security Report for 1997 and 1998 Sent to Congress." 30 Mar 1999. [http://www.energy.gov]

On 30 March 1999, Energy Secretary Bill Richardson sent to Congress the Department's "Annual Report on Safeguards and Security at its nuclear weapons facilities." He also "outlined a series of measures being taken to strengthen departmental security."


U.S. Department of Energy. "Press Release -- Secretary Richardson Points to Dramatic Progress in Strengthening Counterintelligence and Security." 25 May 1999. [http://www.energy.gov]

Energy Secretary Richardson reacts to Cox Committee report: "I want to caution against oversensationalizing the conclusions of the report. Not every allegation is a proven fact."


U.S. Department of Energy. "Press Release -- Statement of Secretary of Energy Bill Richardson on the Senate Bill to Reorganize the Department of Energy." 21 Jul. 1999. [http://www.energy. gov]

The Senate has "made significant improvements to the reorganization proposal by adopting amendments to ensure the Secretary of Energy retains direction, control and authority over the agency's policies, including counterintelligence and security policies, to preserve scientific interaction between the Energy Departments' defense labs and the rest of the Department, and to protect field operations. These amendments are important."


U.S. Department of Energy. "Press Release -- Statement by Secretary of Energy Richardson on the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board Report." 15 Jun. 1999. [http://www.energy.gov]

"I agree with the Report's conclusion that serious change is needed in the department's organizational structure.... [But] I have strong reservations about the Board's recommendation to establish a semi-independent or independent agency for nuclear weapons matters."


U.S. Department of Energy. Office of Declassification. "History of Classification and Declassification." 22 Jul. 1996. [http://www.osti.gov/osti/opennet/history.html]

Covers the classification of technological data on nuclear information from the Atomic Energy Act of 1946 to Executive Order 12958.


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