U.S. B - U.S. C

U.S. Commission on CIA Activities Within the United States [Rockefeller Commission]. Report to the President. Washington, DC: GPO, 1975. [Available at http://history-matters.com/archive/contents/church/contents_church_reports_rockcomm.htm]

Pforzheimer calls the Rockefeller Commission Report "a clear and detailed account of CIA's activities in the domestic field, particularly in the light of the times and circumstances in which they occurred." Lowenthal notes that the Report "found instances of illegalities and recommended reform"; this is a "key document in the history of U.S. intelligence."


U.S. Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch of the Government [second Hoover Commission]. Intelligence Activities: A Report to the Congress. Washington, DC: GPO, 1955.

According to Pforzheimer, Studies 5.2 (Spring 1961), this report "[c]onsiders problems of intelligence at the national and departmental levels, including those of personnel and security administration and functional organization."


U.S. Commission on the Organization of the Government for the Conduct of Foreign Policy [Murphy Commission]. Report of the Commission. Washington, DC: GPO, 1975.

According to Pforzheimer, the "study looks at the entirety of foreign policy.... Chapter 7 ... [recommends] [f]ourteen specific changes in intelligence.... Some of the changes have since been adopted, some have been overtaken by events, and some have been ignored. Several volumes of appendices ... contain articles prepared by scholars and experts.... Appendix U, in Volume 7, includes the seven articles of value to the intelligence professional."


U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. Jack B. Pfeiffer, Appellant, v. Central Intelligence Agency and United States of America. No. 94-5107. 1 Aug. 1995. [www.ll.georgetown.edu/federal/judicial/dc/opinions/94opinions/94-5107a.html]

"... Before BUCKLEY, GINSBURG, and SENTELLE, Circuit Judges.

"Opinion for the Court filed by Circuit Judge GINSBURG.

"GINSBURG, Circuit Judge: As part of his duties as an historian employed by the CIA, Dr. Jack B. Pfeiffer wrote a report dealing with the Agency's internal investigation of the Bay of Pigs Operation. When he left the CIA Pfeiffer took a copy of that report, which he later asked the Agency to review and clear for publication. When the CIA declined, Pfeiffer brought suit in district court claiming that the Agency's refusal to undertake such a review operated as a prior restraint upon his right to speak, in violation of the First Amendment to the Constitution of the United States. The United States intervened and counterclaimed for return of Pfeiffer's copy of the report. The district court granted summary judgment in favor of the Government on both Pfeiffer's claim and the Government's counterclaim. Because Pfeiffer has no right to a copy of the document and the CIA's conduct in this case does not implicate the first amendment, we affirm the judgment of the district court."

[CIA/90s/95; Overviews/Legal/Gen]

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