Telegraph (London)

Telegraph (London). "Ageing Spies Unable to Use the Internet." 28 Mar. 2010. [http://www. telegraph.co.uk]

"Despite an expanding budget, MI5 is laying off employees in order to hire new intelligence officers and support staff with better command of information technology and other 'deployable' skills.... Whitehall officials said the MI5 redundancy programme was aimed at altering the skills profile of the organisation and increasing the number of its staff that can be deployed on active operations.... MI5 currently has around 3,500 officers and is on course to have 4,100 by next year, double its size in 2001."

[UK/PostCW/2010]

Telegraph (London). "British Spy Death Investigation Focuses on Gareth Williams' Private Life." 27 Aug. 2010. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]

The decomposing body of "GCHQ mathematics prodigy" Gareth Williams "was found stuffed into a bag in the bath" of his London apartment on 23 Agust 2010. A "post-mortem examination failed to identify a cause of death.... Williams was days from completing a one-year secondment to the headquarters of MI6 from his job" at GCHQ.

Richard Edwards and Duncan Gardham, "Spy Death May Be Linked to MI6 Work," Telegraph (London), 30 Aug. 2010, report that the police "have not ruled out the possibility that the death" of Gareth Williams "could be linked to his work after investigations into his private life failed to provide a motive for his murder.... They are also investigating links with the US where he made a number of trips to liaise" with the NSA and CIA.

Richard Edwards and Duncan Gardham, "MI6 Spy Gareth Williams Murder: Police Probe Poisoning Theory," Telegraph (London), 6 Sep. 2010, add that "[d]etectives believe that poisoning is now a most likely cause of death" for Gareth Williams and "are carrying out further tests for toxic substances, after almost all other possibilities were ruled out.... Reports that Mr Williams was a high-flyer who secretly oversaw top secret Transatlantic projects have been played down and his role at GCHQ was that of a 'middleranking civil servant.'"

[UK/PostCW/2010]

Telegraph (London). "[Obituary:] Eddie Chapman -- Safe-blower Who Became the Wartime Double Agent Zig-Zag and Outfoxed the Germans." 20 Dec. 1997. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]

Chapman worked under the codename Zig-Zag as one of the Double Cross agents during World War II. He was in jail in St Helier for "trying to blow open a safe in Glasgow" when the Germans occupied the Channel Islands. The Nazis recruited him for a sabotage operation and sent him back to Britain, where "[h]e was immediately turned by the British." Chapman would later be played in the movie "Triple Cross" (1967) by Christopher Plummer. See also, Richard Goldstein, [Obituary:] "Eddie Chapman, 83, Safecracker and Spy," New York Times, 20 Dec. 1997; Booth, ZIGZAG (2007); and Owen, The Eddie Chapman Story (1954).

[UK/WWII/Services/MI5; WWII/Eur/Deception]

Telegraph (London). "Family and Friends Shocked by Kindly Spy Next Door." 12 Sep. 1999. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]

"Melita Norwood's relatives, friends and neighbours told [on 11 September 1999] of their shock on learning that the 87-year-old great-grandmother, known for her Left-wing views, had spied for the KGB for 40 years."

[UK/SpyCases/99/Fever]

Telegraph (London). "New MI6 Head Revealed as Alex Younger to Replace Sir John Sawers." 3 Oct. 2014. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]

"Alex Younger has been appointed as successor to Sir John Sawers as chief of the Secret Intelligence Service (SIS),... Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond said. Described as a career SIS officer, Mr Younger has for the last two years been overseeing MI6's intelligence operations worldwide."

[UK/PostCW/10s/14]

Telegraph (London). "Nicolas Sarkozy to Create School for Spies." 11 Jan. 2010. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]

French President Nicolas Sarkozy "is determined to create a single French 'intelligence community', based on the US model. His plan for a French equivalent of the US National Security Council -- the Conseil de défense et deon [24 December 2009]. The Christmas Eve [2009]. The CDSN will have an intelligence arm, uniting the chiefs of the six French spying and security agencies, the Conseil National du Renseignement or CNR. The chairman of both bodies will be President Sarkozy. There will also be, for the first time, a 'national intelligence coordinator', Bernard Bajolet, 60, whose task will be to ensure that the half-dozen different intelligence and security agencies cooperate with one another."

[France/2010]

Telegraph (London). "Short Adds to Government's Woes." 26 Feb. 2004. [http://www. telegraph.co.uk]

Former Cabinet Minister Claire Short has "said that British agents ... spied on Kofi Annan, the United Nations secretary-general, in the run up to the war on Iraq."

[UK/PostCW/04]

Telegraph (London). "Solved: The Greatest Spy Mystery of All." 15 Jan. 1998. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]

The Zinoviev Letter, "alleged to have been written to the British Communist Party by Grigori Zinoviev, the head of the Comintern" and "leaked by British intelligence to prevent Labour winning the 1924 general election[,] was a forgery commissioned by MI6, according to KGB files released to The Telegraph....

"[L]ast year, the Daily Mail claimed to have found evidence in a British archive which showed that the letter it [originally] published was genuine. That claim is contradicted by the KGB files to be published later this year in The Crown Jewels, a new book by the espionage writer Nigel West and former KGB officer Oleg Tsarev. The documents, held in the KGB archives in Moscow and seen by The Telegraph, include a report on the affair by the Berlin rezident of the OGPU, the forerunner of the KGB.

"The report, which arrived in Moscow on Nov 11, 1924, said the letter was forged in Riga, the Latvian capital, by a Lt Ivan Dmitrevich Pokrovsky who was in touch with British intelligence."

[UK/Interwar/Zinoviev]

Telegraph (London). "Spy Tried to Escape with Canoe on a Motorbike." 17 Sep. 1999. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]

According to MI5 files, a German agent, a Swede codenamed Summer, "who could not be turned against his Abwehr controllers by MI5 made a farcical attempt to escape on a motorcycle with his suitcase and a 12-foot canoe strapped to the sides.... [T]he canoe and the suitcase unbalanced the bike and he kept falling off. He eventually gave himself up when the bike broke down." See also, Michael Evans, "Fleeing Agent Stole a Bike and a Canoe," Times (London), 17 Sep. 1999.

[UK/WWII/Services/MI5/DocRel]

Telegraph (London). "The Trail of a Traitor." 22 Apr. 1996. [http://www.telegraph. co.uk]

"1944: Blake joins MI6, aged 21.

"1945: Secret operations against the Soviet Union and eastern bloc countries, aiming to recruit Soviet citizens and intelligence agents.

"1948: Sent to Seoul, Korea.

"1951: Captured in Korea, marched to near Chinese border and 'turned' by KGB.

"1951-60: Based by MI6 in Berlin and Beirut but worked for Russians, identifying up to 400 agents; betrays secret Western tunnel under East Berlin."

"1960: Unmasked by defecting Polish intelligence officer.

"1961: Jailed at Old Bailey for 42 years - it is claimed that this was one year for each agent sentenced to death by his betrayal.

"1966: Escapes over wall of Wormwood Scrubs and surfaces in Moscow. Awarded the Order of Lenin.

"1969: Marries Ida, whom he met on a Volga boat.

"1990: Memoirs published, proceeds frozen by Government.

"1991: Two anti-war campaigners long suspected of helping his break-out are acquitted."

[UK/SpyCases/Blake]

Telegraph (London). "Watch Out for Foreigner with a Limp." 17 Sep. 1999. [http://www. telegraph.co.uk]

"The Home Guard were given lessons [by MI5] in how to recognise spies, including suggestions that anyone eating German chocolate or speaking in a strange accent [or with a limp] might be suspicious." See also, Michael Evans, "Handy Hints on How to Spot the Enemy," Times (London), 17 Sep. 1999.

[UK/WWII/MI5/DocRel]

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