Strobel, Warren P. "The Chip from U.N.C.L.E.: The CIA Eyes Silicon Valley Brainpower." U.S. News and World Report, 11 Oct. 1999, 55.
Brief report on forming of In-Q-Tel.
Strobel, Warren P. "The Sound of Silence? America's Elite Eavesdropping Agency Faces an Uncertain Future." U.S. News and World Report, 14 Feb. 2000, 24-27.
The computer failure of 24 January 2000 "illustrates the perilous state of the NSA.... A number of current and former NSA officials ... say America's security will be increasingly at risk if the NSA does not manage to pull itself into the future -- and soon.... [O]fficials say the NSA is stretched so thin that it no longer provides the sustained reporting vital for early warnings to U.S officials."
Strobel, Warren P. "The Spy Who Funded Me (and My Start-Up): The CIA's Venture Capitalist in Silicon Valley." U.S. News & World Report, 17 Jul. 2000, 38-39.
"Marrying the CIA's demand for information and secrecy with Silicon Valley's gift for speed and ingenuity is no sure thing. But there's hope the two worlds can be bridged."
Strobel, Warren P. "Uncle Sam Is Listening: Europeans Don't Like It." U.S. News & World Report, 6 Mar. 2000. [http://www.usnews.com]
"Across Europe last week, politicians and the press were in full cry over a vast Anglo-American electronic surveillance system named Echelon." According to a report in the European Parliament, Echelon "scans billions of private E-mails, faxes, and telephone conversations each hour."
Strohm, Chris. "Lawmaker Calls for CIA Center to Become Independent Agency." GovernmentExecutive.com, 7 Jun. 2006. [http://www.govexec.com]
Speaking on 7 June 2006 at a forum in Washington hosted by LexisNexis, House Homeland Security Intelligence Subcommittee Chairman Rob Simmons (R-CT) "said the Open Source Center at Langley, Va., should be turned into an independent agency." He added that "the use of this type of intelligence should be considered its own discipline within the intelligence community.... 'I think they need more independence to reach the level that I think they need to reach for this discipline to survive and prosper.'"
Strong, J. Thompson. "Covert Activities and Intelligence Operations: Congressional and Executive Roles Redefined." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 1, no. 2 (Summer 1986): 63-72.
Strong, J. Thompson. "Tilting with Machiavelli: Fighting Competitive Espionage in the 1990s." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 7, no. 2 (Summer 1994): 161-174.
"Counter-C.E. is the ultimate bottom line issue."
Strong, Kenneth W. D. [Maj.-Gen. Sir]. Intelligence at the Top: The Recollections of an Intelligence Officer. London: Cassell, 1968. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1969.
According to Pforzheimer, "General Strong ... served as G-2 for General Eisenhower during World War II" and held important positions in British military intelligence in the postwar years. This book relates (with great discretion) the general's "experiences during his intelligence career, his views of the role of intelligence in government, and important insights into the profession." There is no discussion of the use of Ultra material. Constantinides adds that this is "a mainly autobiographical work that looks at the nature and role of military intelligence rather than intelligence as a whole (except for the final chapter)."
In a biographical sketch, Kenneth Campbell, "General Eisenhower's J-2: Major General Kenneth Strong, British Army Intelligence," American Intelligence Journal 17, no. 3/4 (1997), 81-83, finds several factors behind General Strong's success as Eisenhower's J-2: "his long-term assignment to intelligence, his exceptional dedication to educating himself professionally, his loyalty to his commander, and his talents for working in an international joint command context."
[UK/WWII/Overviews; WWII/Eur/Gen; WWII/Gen]
Strong, Kenneth W. D. [Maj.-Gen. Sir]. Men of Intelligence: A Study of the Roles and Decisions of Chiefs of Intelligence from World War I to the Present Day. London: Cassell, 1970. New York: St. Martin's, 1971.
Pforzheimer identifies this book as General Strong's description of "the successes and failures of a selected group of German, French, British, and American intelligence chiefs, most of whom he knew personally. His emphasis is on the need for centralized direction of intelligence and the necessity for close coordination between intelligence and policymakers." For Constantinides, the book "contains some very interesting stories and valuable observations."
Struck, Doug. "Japan to Launch Spy Satellites; Move Is Attempt to Lessen Dependence on U.S. Intelligence." Washington Post, 26 Mar. 2003, A14. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
"Japan is preparing to launch two spy satellites [on 28 March 2003] that will mark the country's first military use of space and begin moving its intelligence agencies away from dependence on the United States. The decision to launch the satellites, which analysts say will focus on North Korea and China, results from Japan's dissatisfaction with periodic restrictions that Washington places on sharing satellite intelligence and delays in notifying Japan's top officials of a 1998 missile launch by North Korea."
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