Shryock, Richard W. "For an Eclectic Sovietology." Studies in Intelligence 8, no. 1 (Winter 1964): 57-64.
In official Washington, there are a number of identifiable schools of Sovietology, "each holding the others in disdain.... [There is] precious little exchange of helpful ideas." The author offers some thoughts about how to overcome this dissonance.
In response, John Whitman, "Better an Office of Sovietology," Studies in Intelligence 8, no. 1 (Winter 1964): 65-66, argues that while "all schools are needed,... they will continue to work at cross purposes so long as they remain in different bureaucracies." They need to be united "in a single organizational framework devoted to exploiting all methodologies for a single aim -- the analysis of Soviet politics as a research problem."
Shubik, Martin. "Terrorism, Technology and the Socioeconomics of Death." Comparative Strategy 16, no. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1997): 399-414.
Shuff, Derek. Evader: The Epic Story of the First British Airman to Be Rescued by the Com'ete Escape Line in World War II. Stroud, UK: Spellmount, 2003.
According to Kern, Air & Space Power Journal 23.4 (Winter 2009), this book takes Flight Sgt Jack Newman's story from his shootdown over Belgium in August 1941 to his return to England in January 1942. The reviewer finds that "[c]hanges in font size [can] prove somewhat distracting but not as much as the constant shifts in point of view -- sometimes more than five times in a three-page span." Nevertheless, the book is recommended for its demonstration of "how a person can survive a harrowing wartime situation through perseverance, training, luck, and the generosity of others."
Shukman, Harold, ed. Agents for Change: Intelligence Services in the 21st Century. London: St. Ermin's, 2000.
Shulman, David. An Annotated Bibliography of Cryptography. New York: Garland, 1976.
David Kahn, Cryptologia 29.1 (Jan. 2005), calls Shulman "the premier bibliographer of cryptology." Shulman died 30 October 2004. According to Constantinides, "Shulman designed this for libraries, students of cryptography, and book collectors. His comments are for the benefit of students of ciphers.... He was thorough and assiduous in compiling titles.... His evaluations are mostly technical."
Shulman, David. A Glossary of Cryptography. New York: 1981. [Petersen]
Shulman, Holly Cowan. The Voice of America: Propaganda and Democracy, 1941-1945. Madison, WI: Wisconsin University Press, 1990.
Hyland (Summer 1991) calls this "[a]n excellent account of how commercial broadcasting and advertising techniques were applied to American radio transmissions to Germany and France, and a valuable contribution to the early history of an important aspect of foreign policy. Shulman captures the personalities, creative improvisation and democratic convictions of the time."
Shulman, Mark Russell. "The Rise and Fall of American Naval Intelligence, 1882-1917." Intelligence and National Security 8, no. 2 (Apr. 1993): 214-226.
The thesis of this article is that naval intelligence "developed only as interwoven with the political exigencies of building a new navy." The author notes "the lack of influence intelligence had in shaping naval strategy." By 1893, naval intelligence "had been reduced to the role of a propaganda instrument for the Mahanian fleet."
Shulman, Seth. "Code Name: CORONA." Technology Review, Oct. 1996, 22-25, 28-32.
This is primarily a look at the early days of the Corona photo-reconnaissance satellite project through the eyes of Walter Levison and Frank Madden. The article strays in its later pages into an echoing of the tedious-but-not-completely-unfounded complaints of the Federation of Atomic Scientists about government secrecy.
Shulsky, Abram N. "Intelligence and Arms Control Policy." Comparative Strategy 6, no. 2 (1987): 145-164.
Shulsky, Abram N. Silent Warfare: Understanding the World of Intelligence. New York: Brassey's, 1991. 2d ed. Revised by Gary Schmitt. New York: Brassey's, 1993. 3d ed. New York: Brassey's, 2001.
Clark comment: Although somewhat dated in the 2010s, this remains the best single book on the general subject of intelligence. I recommend it as the first step for anyone who wants to begin a serious exploration of the subject.
Macartney, Intelligencer 3.2, says it is the "best textbook available for ... college courses on intelligence," since it "deals with intelligence in the generic, not just the CIA." Nevertheless, while it is "ideal as the basic text, ... it needs supplements." Intelligence history, military and tactical intelligence, and the intelligence-policy interface are missing. Updating his view, Macartney, Intelligencer 10.1 (1999), again calls Shulsky "the best text we have," despite its age. Macartney also comments on the problem occasioned by Shulsky's mingling of what "is" and what "ought" to be.
According to Peake, IJI&C 5.3, the book "will serve well those who do not accept it as gospel, but rather use it as stimulus for thought and discussion." The AIJ 14.2 reviewer sees Silent Warfare as a "serious book on intelligence by an insider" that "explains what national level intelligence is and how it operates." For the reviewer in Economist, 9 Nov. 1991, Silent Warfare is "a short, readable book which makes many purported secrets plain." Scott, I&NS 7.4, is strongly positive about Shulsky's work generally, but does note that there is "a somewhat [American] ethnocentric bias" to much of the evidence presented.
With regard to the first edition, Surveillant 1.6 finds that the book is both a "guide to ... the craft of intelligence" and "a framework for sizing up today's intelligence world, as well as the many developments likely to be forthcoming." Commenting on the second edition, Surveillant 3.4/5 notices that a "surprising amount of revising has been done to this essential and fairly new work, already a standard text in the field."
Cohen, FA 73.3 (1994), calls the second edition "[s]imply the best primer on intelligence now and for some time to come." Cohen also notes that the authors take "a dim view of what they consider to be the standard American conception of intelligence, namely, a social science. Rather,... they believe that intelligence is a struggle to hide, uncover or manipulate secret information." For Kruh, Cryptologia 18.1, the second edition "is an improvement to an already excellent work that serves equally well as a textbook or an authoritative guide for general readers."
Shulsky, Abram N., and Jennifer Sims. What Is Intelligence? Washington, DC: Consortium for the Study of Intelligence, 1992.
Shulsky (Deputy for Asia and Defense Strategy, Office of the Secretary of Defense) and Sims (SSCI Staff Member) present separate papers, with divergent definitions: Sims argues for a broad interpretation ("information collected, organized, or analyzed on behalf of actors or decision makers"); Shulsky, after his obligatory slam at Sherman Kent's reflection of the "optimism of the social sciences of the 1940s and 1950s," would take a more narrow approach, stressing that it is "secrecy ... which provides an essential key for understanding what intelligence is."
Shultz, George P. Turmoil and Triumph: My Years as Secretary of State. New York: Scribner's, 1993. New York: Touchstone, 1995. [pb]
Surveillant 3.2/3 sees Shultz presenting "a candid picture of his struggles with the NSC staff and particularly with the CIA.... An unexpectedly good biography." For balance, Shultz' autobiography should be read along with Robert M. Gates, From the Shadows: The Ultimate Insider's Story of Five Presidents and How They Won the Cold War (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1996).
Shultz, Richard H., Jr.
Shuman, Howard E., and Walter R. Thomas. The Constitution and National Security: A Bicentennial View. Washington, DC: National Defense University Press, 1990.
Shuman, Michael H., and Hal Harvey. Security Without War: A Post-Cold War Foreign Policy. Boulder, CO: Westview, 1993.
According to Fukuyama, FA 73.3 (May-Jun. 1994), Shuman and Harvey espouse a "clear-cut, if somewhat predictable, progressive foreign policy agenda.... Many of the agenda items here ... have already been overtaken by events."
[GenPostwar/NatSec/90s & Issues/Policy]
Shvets, Yuri B. Tr., Eugene Ostrovsky. Washington Station: My Life as a KGB Spy in America. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994.
Clark comment: Shvets, a KGB First Directorate officer, worked under TASS cover in Washington, DC, from 1985 to 1987. He describes his main function as trying "to recruit U.S. citizens to acquire secret information about U.S. domestic and foreign policy."
Chambers notes that Shvets' "task was made more difficult by very aggressive FBI counterintelligence.... He was able to develop one very useful political source (called Socrates) who was a well-connected member of the Carter administration.... This book is a useful addition to intelligence literature primarily because of the insights it gives into the internal politics of the KGB and the support it gives to the model of the organization as one that is strongly polarized between bureaucrats and working agents." Click for Chambers' full review.
According to Warren, Surveillant 4.3, Shvets does not name his recruit, Socrates or his wife, but "Herbert Romerstein has analyzed the background data and concluded ... that they are 'journalist Claudia Wright and her husband, former Carter Administration official John Helmer.'" [Helmer denied this in a 5 March 1995 "60 Minutes" broadcast.] This is "a short book which reads fast and which may or may not be part of a Russian disinformation effort."
See also, Dmitry Radyshevsky and Nataliya Gevorkyan, "The Memoirs of a Soviet Intelligence Officer Have Created a Big Panic," Moscow News, 22-28 Apr. 1994, 14 (cited in CWIHP 6-7, p. 289).
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