Shane, Scott, and Lowell Bergman. "F.B.I. Struggling to Reinvent Itself to Fight Terror." New York Times, 10 Oct. 2006. [http://www.nytimes.com]
"Five years after the Sept. 11 attacks spurred a new mission, F.B.I. culture still respects door-kicking investigators more than deskbound analysts sifting through tidbits of data. The uneasy transition into a spy organization has prompted criticism from those who believe that the bureau cannot competently gather domestic intelligence, and others, including some insiders, who fear that it can."
Shane, Scott, and Tom Bowman. "No Such Agency." Baltimore Sun, reprint of six-part series, 3-15 December 1995, 1-16.
Clark comment: The Baltimore Sun's series is the first extensive public discussion of NSA since the publication of Bamford's The Puzzle Palace. The series lacks the weight of a well-defined research base, but it is generally accurate. However, its journalistic conception is clearly shown in the subject areas the writers have chosen to address. They probably believe that they asked the "hard questions"; I am not so sure of that. Nonetheless, this is the best easily available look inside the gates at Ft. Meade.
Part 1: "America's Fortress of Spies," 1-3; Part 2: "A Strange and Secret Workplace," 4-6; Part 3: "Espionage from the Front Lines," 7-8; Part 4: "Rigging the Game," 9-11 [Part 4 is available at: http://cryptome.org/jya/nsa-sun.htm]; Part 5: "Catching Americans in NSA's Net," 12-13; Part 6: "Battling High-Tech Warriors," 14-16.
Surveillant 4.3 says that "[t]his series reprint is highly recommended." For Kruh, Cryptologia 20.2, the articles are "a fascinating report sprinkled with new or little known information" about NSA.
Shane, Scott, Stephen Grey, and Margot Williams. "C.I.A. Expanding Terror Battle Under Guise of Charter Flights." New York Times, 31 May 2005. [http://www.nytimes.com]
Aero Contractors Ltd., based at Johnston County Airport outside Smithfield, NC, is "a major domestic hub" of the CIA's "secret air service." According to former employees, the company, founded in 1979, "appears to be controlled by the agency.... Behind a ... thin cover of rural hideaways, front companies and shell corporations that share officers who appear to exist only on paper, the C.I.A. has rapidly expanded its air operations since 2001 as it has pursued and questioned terrorism suspects around the world." The flagship of the CIA's air fleet "is the Boeing Business Jet, based on the 737 model, which Aero flies from Kinston, N.C., because the runway at Johnston County is too short for it."
According to "public editor" Byron Calame, "The Thinking Behind a Close Look at a C.I.A. Operation," New York Times, 19 Jun. 2005, "[a] striking number of readers have denounced The New York Times for describing the Central Intelligence Agency's covert air operations for transporting suspected terrorists." Calame then discusses the paper's "process for handling covert intelligence stories." He concludes: "I think the worst fears of the Times readers ... should be eased by the assurance that the C.I.A. had ample opportunity to challenge the publication and didn't do so."
Shane, Scott, David Johnston, and James Risen. "Secret U.S. Endorsement of Severe Interrogations." New York Times, 4 Oct. 2007. [http://www.nytimes.com]
"[S]oon after Alberto R. Gonzales's arrival as attorney general in February 2005," the Justice Department issued a secret opinion that was "an expansive endorsement of the harshest interrogation techniques" ever used by the CIA. According to officials briefed on it, the opinion "provided explicit authorization to barrage terror suspects with a combination of painful physical and psychological tactics, including head-slapping, simulated drowning and frigid temperatures." Later in 2005, "the Justice Department issued another secret opinion" declaring that "none of the C.I.A. interrogation methods violated" the standard of no "cruel, inhuman and degrading" treatment.
Shane, Scott, and Eric Lichtblau. "Cheney Pushed U.S. to Widen Eavesdropping." New York Times, 14 May 2006. [http://www.nytimes.com]
"In the weeks after the Sept. 11 attacks, Vice President Dick Cheney and his top legal adviser [David S. Addington] argued that the National Security Agency should intercept purely domestic telephone calls and e-mail messages without warrants in the hunt for terrorists, according to two senior intelligence officials. But N.S.A. lawyers ... insisted that it should be limited to communications into and out of the country, said the officials, who were granted anonymity to discuss the debate inside the Bush administration late in 2001."
Shane, Scott, and James Risen. "C.I.A. Report Said to Fault Pre-9/11 Leadership." New York Times, 26 Aug. 2005. [http://www.nytimes.com]
CIA Inspector General John L. Helgerson's "report on the agency's performance before the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks includes detailed criticism of more than a dozen former and current agency officials, aiming its sharpest language at George J. Tenet, the former director, according to a former intelligence officer who was briefed on the findings and another government official who has seen the report."
The report recommends that CIA Director Porte J. Goss "convene 'accountability boards' to recommend personnel actions against those faulted in the report, who are identified by title rather than by name. Officials said the only action possible against ... officials who have retired would probably be to send them a letter of reprimand."
Shane, Scott, and David E. Sanger. "Bush Panel Finds Big Flaws Remain in U.S. Spy Efforts." New York Times, 1 Apr. 2005. [http://www.nytimes.com]
"In a scorching assessment of chronic dysfunction inside American intelligence agencies," the WMD commission told President Bush on [31 March 2005] that the underlying causes of the failure to have understood Iraq's weapons programs 'are still all too common.' It also warned that the United States 'knows disturbingly little about the nuclear programs of many of the world's most dangerous actors.'...
"The breadth and detail of the indictment, written in vivid, colloquial language rare in Washington, went beyond previous critiques. The report was particularly blistering about the low quality of the 'President's Daily Brief.'" Scott Shane and David E. Sanger, "Daily Intelligence Briefings Are Vague, Officials Say," New York Times, 3 Apr. 2005, add that according to WMD commission co-chairs Charles S. Robb and Laurence H. Silberman, "[t]he small group of top government officials who read the President's Daily Brief" told the commission "that they find the highly classified document of little value."
Shane, Scott, and David E. Sanger. "Drone Crash in Iran Reveals Secret U.S. Surveillance Effort." New York Times 7 Dec. 2011. [http://www.nytimes.com]
"The stealth C.I.A. drone [an "RQ-170 Sentinel, built by Lockheed Martin"] that crashed deep inside Iranian territory [Iranian officials said the crash "occurred more than 140 miles from the border with Afghanistan"] last week was part of a stepped-up surveillance program that has frequently sent the United States' most hard-to-detect drone into the country to map suspected nuclear sites, according to foreign officials and American experts who have been briefed on the effort." See also, Greg Miller, "Drone Belonged to CIA, Officials Say," Washington Post, 5 Dec. 2011.
Shane, Scott, and Charlie Savage. "In Ordinary Lives, U.S. Sees the Work of Russian Agents." New York Times, 28 Jun. 2010. [http://www.nytimes.com]
On 28 June 2010, "federal prosecutors accused 11 people of being part of a Russian espionage ring, living under false names and deep cover in a patient scheme to penetrate what one coded message called American 'policy making circles.' An F.B.I. investigation that began at least seven years ago culminated with the arrest on [27 June 2010] of 10 people in Yonkers, Boston and northern Virginia.... The criminal complaints are packed with vivid details gathered in years of covert surveillance -- including monitoring phones and e-mail, placing secret microphones in the alleged Russian agents' homes, and numerous surreptitious searches."
See also, Jerry Markon, "FBI Arrests 10 Accused of Working as Russian Spies," Washington Post, 29 Jun. 2010, A1.
Shane, Scott, and Eric Schmitt. "C.I.A. Deaths Prompt Surge in U.S. Drone Strikes." New York Times, 23 Jan. 2010.[http://www.nytimes.com]
"Beginning the day after the [30 December 2009] attack on a C.I.A. base in Khost, Afghanistan, the agency has carried out 11 strikes that have killed about 90 people suspected of being militants, according to Pakistani news reports."
Shane, Scott, and Eric Schmitt. "Rare Double Agent Disrupted Bombing Plot, U.S. Says." New York Times, 8 May 2012.[http://www.nytimes.com]
"The suicide bomber dispatched by the Yemen branch of Al Qaeda last month to blow up a United States-bound airliner was actually an intelligence agent for Saudi Arabia who infiltrated the terrorist group and volunteered for the mission, American and foreign officials said" 8 May 2012.
Shane, Scott, and Benjamin Weiser. "Spying Suspects Seemed Short on Secrets." New York Times, 29 Jun. 2010. [http://www.nytimes.com]
"The suspected Russian spy ring rolled up by the F.B.I. this week had everything it needed for world-class espionage: excellent training, cutting-edge gadgetry, deep knowledge of American culture and meticulously constructed cover stories. The only things missing in more than a decade of operation were actual secrets to send home to Moscow.... As cold war veterans puzzled over the rationale for Russia's extraordinary effort to place agents in American society, both Russian and American officials signaled that the arrests would not affect the warming of relations between the countries."
On 29 June 2010, "the police in Cyprus arrested the man known as Christopher R. Metsos,... and American officials disclosed that they had moved to make arrests over the weekend because one of the people suspected of being Russian agents ... was planning to fly out of the United States on [27 June 2010], possibly for good."
Evan Perez and Alkman Granitsas, "U.S. Seeks to Keep Spy Suspects in Jail; Cypriot Police Hunt for Man Who Fled," Wall Street Journal, 1 Jul. 2010, report that "Metsos, the alleged moneyman in the spy ring, was arrested this week" in Cyprus, but "[a] judge granted him bail, with the agreement that he surrender his passport and report regularly to a police station. 'Within 24 hours of being bailed, Metsos simply disappeared,' prosecutors said."
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