James Risen

With Others

A - K

Risen, James, with Lowell Bergman. "U.S. Thinks Agent Revealed Tunnel at Soviet Embassy." New York Times, 4 Mar. 2001. [http://www.nytimes.com]

According to intelligence and law enforcement officials, the U.S. government "constructed a secret tunnel under the Soviet Union's embassy in Washington to eavesdrop, but federal investigators now believe the operation was betrayed" by Robert Philip Hanssen. The existence of the tunnel operation "has never publicly disclosed.... But in an F.B.I. affidavit in the Hanssen case, the government stated that Mr. Hanssen 'compromised an entire technical program of enormous value, expense and importance to the United States government.' Officials said that was a reference to the tunnel operation and related intelligence activities."


Risen, James, and Jeff Gerth. "China Spy Suspect Reportedly Tried to Hide Evidence." New York Times, 30 Apr. 1999. [http://www.nytimes.com]

According to U.S. officials, Wen Ho Lee "tried to hide evidence that he had transferred nuclear secrets out of a computer system at a Government nuclear weapons laboratory two days after he failed an F.B.I. polygraph examination in February.... The scientist ... deleted more than 1,000 files containing millions of lines of classified computer codes related to nuclear weapons from the computer system at Los Alamos National Laboratory after the lie detector test in February."


Risen, James, and Jeff Gerth. "China Stole Data on Atom Warhead, U.S. Report Finds." New York Times, 21 Apr. 1999. [http://www.nytimes.com]

According to government officials, a comprehensive damage assessment by the intelligence community, coordinated by the National Intelligence Officer for Strategic and Nuclear Programs and independently reviewed by an outside panel headed by retired Adm. David Jeremiah, "has concluded that China stole design information related to the United States' most advanced nuclear warhead from a government nuclear weapons laboratory." See also, Jeff Gerth, "Report Warns of Big Gains to Chinese From Spying," New York Times, 22 Apr. 1999.


Risen, James, and Jeff Gerth. "China Stole Nuclear Secrets From Los Alamos, U.S. Officials Say." New York Times, 6 Mar. 1999. [http://www.nytimes.com]

China's technological breakthrough in the 1980s in producing small nuclear warheads "was accelerated by the theft of U.S. nuclear secrets from Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico." In June 1996, "the FBI formally opened a criminal investigation into the theft.... The bureau maintained tight control over the case. The CIA counterintelligence office, for one, was not kept informed of its status, according to [Paul] Redmond, ['the agency's chief spy hunter,'] who has since retired."


Risen, James, and Jeff Gerth. "U.S. Is Said to Have Known of China Spy Link in 1995." New York Times, 27 Jun. 1999. [http://www.nytimes.com]

According to current and former officials, "[t]he White House was told about China's apparent theft of American nuclear weapons technology in July 1995... Until now, the Administration has left the impression that the White House first learned about the matter in April 1996, when Samuel R. Berger, then President Clinton's deputy national security adviser, was briefed on the case by Energy Department officials."


  Risen, James, and Jeff Gerth. "U.S. Says Suspect Put Data on Bombs in Unsecure Files." New York Times, 28 Apr. 1999. [http://www.nytimes.com]

Wen Ho Lee "improperly transferred huge amounts of secret data from a computer system at a government laboratory, compromising virtually every nuclear weapon in the United States arsenal, government and lab officials say."


Risen, James, and David Johnston. "Agency Is Under Scrutiny for Overlooked Messages." New York Times, 20 Jun. 2002. [http://www.nytimes.com]

According to U.S. intelligence officials on 19 June 2002, NSA "intercepted two cryptic communications [from Afghanistan] on the the day before the Sept. 11 attacks that referred to a major event scheduled for the next day." NSA analysts "did not process, translate and review the intercepted Arabic communications until the day after the attacks." See also, Scott Shane and Ariel Sabar, "Coded Warnings Became Clear Only in Light of Sept. 11 Attacks," Baltimore Sun, 20 Jun. 2002.

[NSA/02; Terrorism/02/Fallout]

Risen, James, and David Johnston. "Bush Has Widened Authority of C.I.A. to Kill Terrorists." New York Times, 15 Dec. 2002. [http://www.nytimes.com]

"The Bush administration has prepared a list of terrorist leaders the Central Intelligence Agency is authorized to kill, if capture is impractical and civilian casualties can be minimized, senior military and intelligence officials said. The previously undisclosed C.I.A. list includes key Qaeda leaders like Osama bin Laden and his chief deputy, Ayman al-Zawahiri, as well as other principal figures from Al Qaeda and affiliated terrorist groups, the officials said..... Despite the authority given to the agency, Mr. Bush has not waived the executive order banning assassinations, officials said. The presidential authority to kill terrorists defines operatives of Al Qaeda as enemy combatants and thus legitimate targets for lethal force."

[CIA/00s/02; Overviews/Legal/Assassination; Terrorism/02]

Risen, James, and David Johnston. "F.B.I. Rejected Spy Warning 2 Years Before Agent's Arrest." New York Times, 22 Apr. 2001. [http://www.nytimes.com]

According to "current and former" FBI officials, two years before Robert Hanssen's arrest on charges of spying for Russia, Thomas Kimmel, a senior FBI investigator, "concluded in a still-classified report that Moscow might have recruited a mole in the bureau's ranks.... In early 1999, F.B.I. Director Louis Freeh was told by ... Kimmel ... about his findings. In response, the officials said, senior bureau officials convinced Mr. Freeh that Mr. Kimmel's reasoning was flawed and investigators focused their hunt for a mole at the Central Intelligence Agency, not the bureau."


Risen, James, and David Johnston. "Lawmakers Want Cabinet Post for an Intelligence Director." New York Times, 8 Dec. 2002. [http://www.nytimes.com]


Risen, James, and David Johnston. "In Overheard Calls, Terrorists Spoke of Major Attack, Officials Say." New York Times, 2 Nov. 2001. [http://www.nytimes.com]

"Government officials intercepted telephone conversations in recent days in which members of Osama bin Laden's terrorist network, Al Qaeda, spoke urgently of an imminent attack against American targets even larger than the Sept. 11 attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, senior government officials say."


Risen, James, and David Johnston. "U.S. Will Broaden Investigation of China Nuclear Secrets Case." New York Times, 23 Sep. 1999. [http://www.nytimes.com]

Government officials said on 22 September 1999 that "Attorney General Janet Reno and [FBI] Director Louis J. Freeh ... have ordered Federal agents to broaden their investigation into evidence of Chinese nuclear espionage, moving far beyond the Government's earlier scrutiny of a scientist fired from Los Alamos National Laboratory."


Risen, James, and David Johnston. "The Wronged Man: C.I.A. Officer Mistaken for Spy Down the Street." New York Times, 11 Aug. 2001. [http://www.nytimes.com]

The CIA has "quietly reinstated a senior counterintelligence officer who ... spent 18 months under investigation as a suspected Russian spy. There was ... no formal apology as he returned from professional exile. But in effect, the C.I.A was saying there had been a terrible mistake.... For a year and a half, he had lived under the shadow of suspected disloyalty as he was the target of an intensive investigation by the F.B.I. Then, on Feb. 18, the F.B.I. arrested one of its own: Robert P. Hanssen.... Law enforcement and intelligence officials now say that it was Mr. Hanssen, not the C.I.A. officer, who was the mole they had been hunting."

[CIA/00s/01/Gen; FBI/01]

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