Risen, James. "Director of Nuclear Security Is Confirmed." New York Times, 15 Jun. 2000. [http://www.nytimes.com]
On 14 June 2000, the U.S. Senate confirmed Gen. John Gordon, currently CIA deputy director, as the first administrator of the new National Nuclear Security Administration. The previously stalled confirmation came amid furor over "news of the disappearance of two computer hard drives containing nuclear secrets from a vault at Los Alamos....
"Six managers at Los Alamos have been placed on a paid leave of absence as a result of the latest security lapse, including the head of nuclear weapons programs, Stephen M. Younger, the highest-ranking official in the group. Among the others placed on leave ... was the head of the government's Nuclear Emergency Search Team, or NEST, which is responsible for responding to nuclear accidents and nuclear-related terrorist threats.... The missing hard drives belonged to the NEST."
Risen, James. "Dismissed for Chat Room, C.I.A. Workers Speak Out." New York Times, 18 May 2001. [http://www.nytimes.com]
Four former CIA employees, fired because of their involvement in an unauthorized chat network on the CIA's computer system, have said that "the agency treated them far too harshly for what they considered a harmless social activity." For earlier reporting, see Vernon Loeb, "Chat Room Causes Trouble for CIA Employees," Washington Post, 12 Nov. 2000, A10; and Vernon Loeb, "CIA Shuts Chat Room, Fires 4, Suspends 10," Washington Post, 1 Dec. 2000, A2. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
Risen, James. "Documents Show the C.I.A. Saw Trouble Coming for Gorbachev." New York Times, 19 Nov. 1999. [http://www.nytimes.com]
Intelligence estimates declassified by the CIA for a conference being held at Texas A&M University on the role that U.S. intelligence played in the final days of the Cold War show that CIA analysts "were deeply pessimistic about the chances of success for President Mikhail Gorbachev's efforts to reform the Soviet Union's Communist system."
Clark comment: Risen carefully does not verify the thrust of the documents, merely noting that the estimates "provide insight into an enduring debate over whether the C.I.A. really 'missed' the collapse of the Soviet Union, as critics charge." Having had access to many of the estimates on the Soviet Union in the late 1980s (up to June 1990), I have remained convinced that much of the chest pounding (including that by Senator Moynihan) about the CIA's analysis was either misplaced, malicious, or uninformed. Were the analysts cautious? Absolutely! To have been otherwise would have been the height of folly.
Risen, James. "Employee of U.S. Contractor Accused of Conspiracy to Spy." New York Times, 25 Aug. 2001. [http://www.nytimes.com]
Risen, James. "Energy Secretary Announces Program to Strengthen Lab Security." New York Times, 12 May 1999. [http://www.nytimes.com]
"Vowing to assert his direct control over the government's fiercely independent nuclear weapons laboratories, Energy Secretary Bill Richardson on [11 May 1999] announced a wide-ranging program to strengthen security after allegations that China has repeatedly pried nuclear secrets out of the labs."
Risen, James. "Energy Secretary Delays Disciplining Staff Over Spy Case." New York Times, 10 Jun. 1999. [http://www.nytimes.com]
Dissatisfied with a DOE review that he "believed did not hold enough senior officials at Energy Department headquarters accountable for the blunders in the Los Alamos spy case," Secretary Bill Richardson "has ordered a new investigation" by the department's inspector general. Richardson will "delay any reprimands" until he sees the results of the new investigation.
Risen, James. "Ex-Agent Pleads Guilty in Spy Case." New York Times, 7 Jul. 2001. [http://www.nytimes.com]
On 6 July 2001, in Federal District Court in Alexandria, Virginia, Robert P. Hanssen pleaded guilty to charges that he had spied for Moscow since 1985. "In return for his guilty plea, the government agreed not to seek the death penalty.... Hanssen, who is 57, will be sentenced to life without parole, and he has agreed to undergo extensive debriefings by officials from the F.B.I. and other agencies to discuss the extent of his espionage.... As part of the agreement, the government will let Mr. Hanssen's wife ... receive the survivor's portion of his F.B.I. pension, and retain ownership of their home in the Washington suburb of Vienna, Va."
Risen, James. "Ex-C.I.A. Agent Charged With Betraying U.S." Los Angeles Times, 4 Apr. 1998. [http://www.latimes.com]
Douglas F. Groat was indicted on 3 April 1998 on espionage and extortion charges. The CIA fired Groat in 1996 after a 16-year career. Groat worked for the Agency's Science and Technology Directorate's "top secret 'black bag' unit that breaks into foreign embassies to steal code books." The story gives considerable background detail on the Groat case.
Risen, James. "Ex-C.I.A. Chief, During Inquiry, Helped an Aide." New York Times, 12 Feb. 2000. [http://www.nytimes.com]
Former DCI John M. Deutch recommended then-CIA Executive Director Nora Slatkin "for a management job at Citibank even as she was monitoring an internal investigation into evidence that he had mishandled classified information, according to agency records and interviews with officials."
Risen, James. "F.B.I. Spy Case May Explain Arrest of a K.G.B. Agent." New York Times, 7 Mar. 2001. [http://www.nytimes.com]
"Former C.I.A. officer Jack Platt" believes that "his onetime adversary turned friend and business partner, a former major in the K.G.B. named Gennady Vasilenko," was betrayed to the KGB by Robert Philip Hanssen rather than Aldrich Ames.
Risen, James. "Former F.B.I. Agent Indicted in Spy Case." New York Times, 17 May 2001. [http://www.nytimes.com]
On 16 May 2001, a federal grand jury in Alexandria, Virginia, returned a 21-count indictment against Robert P. Hanssen on charges of spying for Moscow for more than 15 years. The indictment came after negotiations over a possible plea agreement broke down over prosecutors' refusal to negotiate a deal that would spare Hanssen the death penalty.
Risen, James. "Fund-Raising Figure Had Spy Case Role." New York Times, 26 May 1999.
According to the House select committee report, "Johnny Chung, a Chinese-American at the heart of the campaign finance controversy, was given $300,000 by two Chinese military officials in an apparent effort to establish one of them, [a Lieutenant Colonel in the Chinese Army and] the daughter of a Chinese general, in the United States so she could acquire American technology."
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