Pincus, Walter, and Vernon Loeb. "China Spy Probe Shifts to Missiles." Washington Post, 19 Oct. 2000, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
According to senior U.S. officials, "[a] new review of Chinese military documents provided by a defector in 1995 has led U.S. intelligence agencies to conclude that Chinese espionage has gathered more American missile technology than nuclear weapons secrets."
Pincus, Walter, and Vernon Loeb. "Chinese Espionage Is Termed 'Pervasive': Report Hits Labs For Loss of Secrets." Washington Post, 16 May 1999, A18.
According to congressional and administration sources, the report of the House select committee headed by Rep. Christopher Cox (R-CA), which will be released this week, "describes China as an emerging military threat and strategic nuclear rival that has gained design secrets of America's five most modern nuclear warheads through 'pervasive' spying at the nation's nuclear laboratories." See also, Jeff Gerth, "China Stole Data, Report Concludes," New York Times, 21 May 1999.
Pincus, Walter, and Vernon Loeb. "Chinese Stole Data on Reentry Vehicles: U.S. Intelligence Assesses Losses." Washington Post, 22 Apr. 1999, A4.
An intelligence assessment delivered by DCI Tenet to the President and Congress on 21 April 1999 "found that Chinese spying has obtained secret information over the past 20 years not only on U.S. nuclear weapons designs but also on U.S. reentry vehicles, the containers that carry explosive devices through space.... [T]he finding that China has stolen classified information on reentry vehicles for multiple-warhead missiles marked a new dimension in the Chinese espionage debate."
Pincus, Walter, and Vernon Loeb. "CIA Blocked Two Attacks Last Year." Washington Post, 11 Aug. 1998, A16. "The CIA's Track Record on Terrorism: At Least Two Plots Were Foiled Last Year, But the Two Embassies Hit Were 'Low-Risk.'" Washington Post National Weekly Edition, 17 Aug. 1998, 20.
"CIA operatives foiled two attacks on U.S. embassies last year  in advanced stages of planning and disrupted three other incipient plots after infiltrating terrorist cells and by monitoring and intercepting electronic communications."
Pincus, Walter, and Vernon Loeb. "CIA Resurfaces, in the Oval Office: Tenet, Bush Develop Close Relationship." Washington Post, 29 Jul. 2001, A5. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
According to senior administration officials, "[t]he CIA and its director, George J. Tenet, have developed a close relationship with President Bush over the past six months, rivaling the bond between the agency and the first Bush White House.... Tenet meets several times a week with Bush.... By most accounts, Tenet is not a policy player.... [H]is official role is ... to provide information to the government's top policymakers, including Powell, Rumsfeld and other Cabinet members as well as the president and vice president."
Pincus, Walter, and Vernon Loeb. "DOE Loses $35 Million for Cyber Security." Washington Post, 29 Sep. 1999, A18. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
On 28 September 1999, the U.S. Senate "passed an energy appropriations bill that omits $35 million requested by Energy Secretary Bill Richardson for increased computer security.... Richardson ... issued a statement charging that Congress was withholding 'important tools needed to implement security reform' that Congress itself had demanded.... A member of the conference committee ... said the $35 million was eliminated because lawmakers 'want to see management reform' before they approve a huge funding increase."
Pincus, Walter, and Vernon Loeb. "FBI's Spying Probe Proves No Easy Task: 'Staleness' of Case at Weapons Lab Cited." Washington Post, 28 Mar. 1999, A20. [http://www. washingtonpost.com]
FBI Director Louis J. Freeh "in recent testimony before House and Senate Appropriations subcommittees provided the first authoritative on-the-record description ... from the administration's perspective" of what has been going on with regard to accusations that China obtained weapons secrets from U.S. nuclear labs.
Pincus, Walter, and Vernon Loeb. "Fired Lab Scientist Can't Account for Some Disks." Washington Post, 20 Nov. 1999, A4. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
"Former Los Alamos scientist Wen Ho Lee has told government investigators that he cannot account for several computer diskettes onto which he downloaded nuclear secrets, according to Clinton administration officials."
Pincus, Walter, and Vernon Loeb. "GOP Senators: U.S. Bungled Probes of Atomic Spying." Washington Post, 6 May 1999, A2. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
"Senate Republicans unveiled new evidence [on 5 May 1999] that investigations of the chief suspect in possible Chinese espionage at nuclear weapons laboratories have been marked by repeated bungles over the past 15 years, including at one point the loss of his security file."
Pincus, Walter, and Vernon Loeb. "Los Alamos Actions May Take Months: Lab Must Follow University's Procedures." Washington Post, 31 Aug. 1999, A4. [http://www. washingtonpost.com]
Although Energy Secretary Bill Richardson has recommended that Los Alamos National Laboratory discipline three employees involved in the Wen Ho Lee spy case, "[i]t may be weeks or even months" before the lab's director takes action against the employees, officials said on 30 August 1999. "[B]ecause the lab is managed by the University of California,... personnel actions must follow the university's procedures, which include a fact-finding process, rights of appeal and possible arbitration."
Pincus, Walter, and Vernon Loeb. "Secrets Authority." Washington Post, 9 Aug. 1999, A13. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
The CIA has challenged the jurisdiction of the Interagency Security Classification Appeals Panel (ISCAP), which arbitrates disputes over declassification, "arguing that the director of central intelligence alone has the statutory obligation to protect intelligence sources during the declassification process."
Pincus, Walter, and Vernon Loeb. "Senators Irate at Handling of Nuclear Spy Probe." Washington Post, 30 Apr. 1999, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
"After grilling FBI Director Louis J. Freeh for nearly three hours in a closed-door hearing, members of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence from both parties appeared equally outraged at what they depicted as lax handling of past and present investigations into suspected leaks of classified data."
Pincus, Walter, and Vernon Loeb. "Spy, Counterspy and a Splitting Atomic Headache: Energy Sleuth's Testimony Seems to Undercut GOP." Washington Post, 21 Apr. 1999, A23.
Testimony last week by Notra Trulock, the Energy Department's intelligence chief, "seems to undercut many of the Republican charges ... [o]n the issue of foot-dragging" by the Clinton administration in responding to charges of security breaches at the U.S. nuclear laboratories.
In addition, "[a] CIA review of Trulock's concerns, headed by retired Adm. David Jeremiah..., reportedly confirms the initial CIA analysis that, although classified U.S. data were obtained and probably aided Chinese nuclear programs, the overall impact 'is a lot more uncertain than some people -- including Trulock -- admit,' according to a source familiar with the study."
Pincus, Walter, and Vernon Loeb. "Support Builds for Separate Nuclear Authority." Washington Post, 17 Jun. 1999, A18. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
Although the House select committee that he chaired "did not include specific recommendations for reform," Rep. Christopher Cox (R-CA) said on 16 June 1999 that "he supports a proposal to transfer control over nuclear weapons production and research from the Department of Energy to an independent agency much like the old Atomic Energy Commission."
Pincus, Walter, and Vernon Loeb. "Veto Urged For Energy Revamp: State Attorneys General, Democrats Oppose Plan." Washington Post, 9 Sep. 1999, A19. [http://www. washingtonpost.com]
"Leading congressional Democrats and 46 state attorneys general are urging President Clinton to veto a Republican plan to reorganize the Department of Energy. The reorganization ... would create a semiautonomous agency to oversee the DOE's enormous complex of laboratories and plants that research, assemble and maintain America's nuclear arsenal."
Pincus, Walter, and Vernon Loeb. "Was It Spying of Not? The FBI Says Secrets Were Leaked to China, But the Defense Says They Were Declassified Data." Washington Post National Weekly Edition, 17 May 1999, 29.
Peter H. Lee's story "illustrates how classical Chinese espionage efforts use Chinese scientists who gather pieces of technical information from U.S. colleagues, rather than relying on intelligence agents. It is a subtle system that emphasizes collegiality and exchange and explains why it is time-consuming and difficult for U.S. counterintelligence investigators to catch American scientists who may have acted illegally."
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