Os - Ost

 

Osanka, Franklin Mark, ed. Modern Guerrilla Warfare: Fighting Communist Guerrilla Movements, 1941-1961. Intro., Samuel P. Huntington. New York: Free Press, 1962.

The thematic thrust of this work is made plain in the subtitle, in that the "major emphasis" ("Preface," p. xi) is on the use of guerrilla warfare by Communist groups and movements.

[MI/SpecOps]

Osborne, Leutrell M., Sr. Black Man in the CIA: An Autobiography. [Temple, TX?]: Jongleur Music Book Publishing, 2012.

Peake, Studies 56.4 (Dec. 2012) and Intelligencer 19.3 (Winter-Spring 2013), notes that the author served in the CIA from 1957 to 1984, retiring as a GS-12 operations officer. "Osborne views the Agency through an African-American's eyes and is candid in describing what his race meant to his career."

[CIA/Components/Culture & Memoirs]

Oseth, John M. "Intelligence and Low-Intensity Conflict." Naval War College Review 37 (Nov.-Dec. 1984): 19-36. [http://carlisle-www.army.mil/usamhi/RefBibs/intell/since45.htm]

[MI/SpecOps]

Oseth, John M. Regulating U.S. Intelligence Operations: A Study in Definition of the National Interest. Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1985.

Osgood, Kenneth. Total Cold War: Eisenhower’s Secret Propaganda Battle at Home and Abroad. Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas Press, 2006.

"Total Cold War Roundtable: Review" (chaired by Scott Lucas and with reviews by Sarah-Jane Corke, Chris Tudda, and Hugh Wilford), dated 26 Feb. 2007, at http://www.h-net.org/~diplo/roundtables/PDF/TotalColdWar-complete.pdf, provides multiple reviews of Osgood's work.

In his introduction, Lucas suggests that "any success of psychological operations under Eisenhower was not that they fulfilled a global strategy that encompassed both American positions of strength such as Western Europe and disputed areas in Europe, Asia, and beyond but that they covered up the tensions and contradictions that were present in the strategic approach throughout the 1950s." (4)

Corke, despite some "quibbles" over the author's use of specific terminology, says that this "masterful ... book is a must-read for anyone interested in the relationship between policy, strategy and operations." Osgood "demonstrates scholarship of the highest quality," and he "has a firm grasp of the subtleties and nuances of psychological warfare." [See also, Sarah-Jane Corke, "The Eisenhower Administration and Psychological Warfare," Intelligence and National Security 24, no. 2 (Apr. 2009): 277-290.]

For Tudda, this work is a "significant contribution to our understanding of how psychological warfare can fit into national security strategy,. However, the "weakest part of Osgood’s analysis is his examination of the Eisenhower administration's psychological warfare program."

Wilford notes that Eisenhower "emerges from Osgood's account as a tireless advocate of 'psy-war' methods in the fight against communism." An "extremely impressive array of primary materials" is used to support Osgood's "powerful arguments." However, the book does not address "the actual impact of psychological warfare on its target populations."

The material here concludes with a gentle reply by Osgood to some of the issues raised by the reviewers.

[CA/PsyOps; GenPostwar/50s/Gen]

O'Shaughnessy, Gary W. [MGEN/USAF] "Air Force HUMINT." American Intelligence Journal 14, no 1 (Autumn-Winter 1993-1994): 17-20.

[MI/AF & Humint/90s]

Ó Siochrú, Micheál. "English Military Intelligence in Ireland during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms." In  Intelligence, Statecraft and International Power: Papers Read before the 27th Irish Conference of Historians Held at Trinity College, Dublin, 19-21 May 2005, eds. Eunan O'Halpin, Robert Armstrong, Jane H. Ohlmeyer, 48-64. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 2006.

Royal Historical Society Database: Estimated period covered: 1642 - 1651.

[OtherCountries/Ireland/Historical; UK/Historical]

Osornprasop, Sutayut. "Amidst the Heat of the Cold War in Asia: Thailand and the American Secret War in Indochina (1960-74)." Cold War History 7, no. 3 (Aug. 2007): 349-371.

From abstract: This article presents "new findings on covert Thai intervention in Laos, in association with the United States, during the Vietnam War." It is "[b]ased on the new release of declassified US official documents and recent interviews with former diplomatic, intelligence and military officers from Laos, Thailand and the United States who were directly involved in the conflicts."

[CIA/Laos; OtherCountries/Thailand]

Ostensoe, James G. "The Problem of Scientific Surprise." Studies in Intelligence 5, no. 4 (Fall 1961): 15-20.

"Progress report on efforts to pin down an elusive estimative problem."

[Analysis/Est; Genpostwar/Issues/S&T/To90s]

Ostermann, Christian Friedrich. "New Evidence on the War in Afghanistan," Cold War International History Project Bulletin 14/15 (Winter 2003-Spring 2004): 139-141.

The author reports on an "international conference, 'Towards an International History of the War in Afghanistan,' organized in April 2002 by the Cold War International History Project (CWIHP) in cooperation with the Woodrow Wilson Center's Asia Program and Kennan Institute, George Washington University's Cold War Group, and the National Security Archive." Available Russian documents reveal "how one-sided official reporting from Afghanistan severely limited Soviet policy options between March 1979 ... and the final decision-making process on intervention that fall."

[CA/Afgh; Russia/To89]

Ostrom, Thomas P.

1. The United States Coast Guard in World War II: A History of Domestic and Overseas Actions. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2009.

Dolbow, Proceedings 136.2 (Feb. 2010), comments that the author "deserves praise for weaving" multiple "sources into a powerful war story." The reviewer says that he cannot "recommend this book highly enough."

2. The United States Coast Guard and National Defense: A History from World War I to the Present. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2011.

Dolbow, Proceedings 137.12 (Dec. 2011), finds that this work "documents the service's wartime partnership around the globe with its four sister services."

[MI/CG; WWII/U.S./Services/CG]

Ostrovsky, Erika. Eye of Dawn: The Rise and Fall of Mata Hari. New York: Macmillan, 1978.

Wheeler, IJI&C 1.3, characterizes Eye of Dawn as a "portrait of the courtesan-dancer-reluctant spy by an empathetic writer of talent."

[France/WWI]

Ostrovsky, Victor. The Other Side of Deception: A Rogue Agent Exposes the Mossad's Secret Agenda. New York: HarperCollins, 1994. 1995. [pb]

Ostrovsky, Victor, and Claire Hoy. By Way of Deception: The Making and Unmaking of a Mossad Officer. New York: St. Martin's, 1990. 1991. [pb] By Way of Deception: A Devastating Insider's Portrait of the Mossad. Toronto: Stoddart, 1990.

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