Osanka, Franklin Mark, ed. Modern Guerrilla Warfare: Fighting Communist Guerrilla Movements, 1941-1961. Intro., Samuel P. Huntington. New York: Free Press, 1962.
The thematic thrust of this work is made plain in the subtitle, in that the "major emphasis" ("Preface," p. xi) is on the use of guerrilla warfare by Communist groups and movements.
Osborne, Leutrell M., Sr. Black Man in the CIA: An Autobiography. [Temple, TX?]: Jongleur Music Book Publishing, 2012.
Peake, Studies 56.4 (Dec. 2012) and Intelligencer 19.3 (Winter-Spring 2013), notes that the author served in the CIA from 1957 to 1984, retiring as a GS-12 operations officer. "Osborne views the Agency through an African-American's eyes and is candid in describing what his race meant to his career."
[CIA/Components/Culture & Memoirs]
Oseth, John M. "Intelligence and Low-Intensity Conflict." Naval War College Review 37 (Nov.-Dec. 1984): 19-36. [http://carlisle-www.army.mil/usamhi/RefBibs/intell/since45.htm]
Oseth, John M. Regulating U.S. Intelligence Operations: A Study in Definition of the National Interest. Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1985.
Valcourt, IJI&C, 5.2, says this is the "best overall study of executive branch oversight." Similarly, Lowenthal sees the book as "a very thoughtful discussion of the issues involved in having an operational capability that is in some way accountable to proper political control." For Strong, IJI&C 1.2, "most of the work ... serves well as a tutorial on the opinions presented." However, the "broad, general condemnation of intelligence as an institution ... fails."
Johnson, I&NS 1.2, finds Oseth's work to be "largely free of ideological passion" in its examination of how the Ford, Carter, and Reagan administrations "responded to the pressures for increased intelligence regulation." For the reviewer, the main weakness of the book "is its failure to emphasize the enduring significance of the reforms that did take place in 1976-77 and 1980."
Osgood, Kenneth. Total Cold War: Eisenhowers Secret Propaganda Battle at Home and Abroad. Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas Press, 2006.
"Total Cold War Roundtable: Review" (chaired by Scott Lucas and with reviews by Sarah-Jane Corke, Chris Tudda, and Hugh Wilford), dated 26 Feb. 2007, at http://www.h-net.org/~diplo/roundtables/PDF/TotalColdWar-complete.pdf, provides multiple reviews of Osgood's work.
In his introduction, Lucas suggests that "any success of psychological operations under Eisenhower was not that they fulfilled a global strategy that encompassed both American positions of strength such as Western Europe and disputed areas in Europe, Asia, and beyond but that they covered up the tensions and contradictions that were present in the strategic approach throughout the 1950s." (4)
Corke, despite some "quibbles" over the author's use of specific terminology, says that this "masterful ... book is a must-read for anyone interested in the relationship between policy, strategy and operations." Osgood "demonstrates scholarship of the highest quality," and he "has a firm grasp of the subtleties and nuances of psychological warfare." [See also, Sarah-Jane Corke, "The Eisenhower Administration and Psychological Warfare," Intelligence and National Security 24, no. 2 (Apr. 2009): 277-290.]
For Tudda, this work is a "significant contribution to our understanding of how psychological warfare can fit into national security strategy,. However, the "weakest part of Osgoods analysis is his examination of the Eisenhower administration's psychological warfare program."
Wilford notes that Eisenhower "emerges from Osgood's account as a tireless advocate of 'psy-war' methods in the fight against communism." An "extremely impressive array of primary materials" is used to support Osgood's "powerful arguments." However, the book does not address "the actual impact of psychological warfare on its target populations."
The material here concludes with a gentle reply by Osgood to some of the issues raised by the reviewers.
O'Shaughnessy, Gary W. [MGEN/USAF] "Air Force HUMINT." American Intelligence Journal 14, no 1 (Autumn-Winter 1993-1994): 17-20.
[MI/AF & Humint/90s]
Ó Siochrú, Micheál. "English Military Intelligence in Ireland during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms." In Intelligence, Statecraft and International Power: Papers Read before the 27th Irish Conference of Historians Held at Trinity College, Dublin, 19-21 May 2005, eds. Eunan O'Halpin, Robert Armstrong, Jane H. Ohlmeyer, 48-64. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 2006.
Royal Historical Society Database: Estimated period covered: 1642 - 1651.
Osornprasop, Sutayut. "Amidst the Heat of the Cold War in Asia: Thailand and the American Secret War in Indochina (1960-74)." Cold War History 7, no. 3 (Aug. 2007): 349-371.
From abstract: This article presents "new findings on covert Thai intervention in Laos, in association with the United States, during the Vietnam War." It is "[b]ased on the new release of declassified US official documents and recent interviews with former diplomatic, intelligence and military officers from Laos, Thailand and the United States who were directly involved in the conflicts."
Ostensoe, James G. "The Problem of Scientific Surprise." Studies in Intelligence 5, no. 4 (Fall 1961): 15-20.
"Progress report on efforts to pin down an elusive estimative problem."
Ostermann, Christian Friedrich. "New Evidence on the War in Afghanistan," Cold War International History Project Bulletin 14/15 (Winter 2003-Spring 2004): 139-141.
The author reports on an "international conference, 'Towards an International History of the War in Afghanistan,' organized in April 2002 by the Cold War International History Project (CWIHP) in cooperation with the Woodrow Wilson Center's Asia Program and Kennan Institute, George Washington University's Cold War Group, and the National Security Archive." Available Russian documents reveal "how one-sided official reporting from Afghanistan severely limited Soviet policy options between March 1979 ... and the final decision-making process on intervention that fall."
Ostrom, Thomas P.
1. The United States Coast Guard in World War II: A History of Domestic and Overseas Actions. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2009.
Dolbow, Proceedings 136.2 (Feb. 2010), comments that the author "deserves praise for weaving" multiple "sources into a powerful war story." The reviewer says that he cannot "recommend this book highly enough."
2. The United States Coast Guard and National Defense: A History from World War I to the Present. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2011.
Dolbow, Proceedings 137.12 (Dec. 2011), finds that this work "documents the service's wartime partnership around the globe with its four sister services."
Ostrovsky, Erika. Eye of Dawn: The Rise and Fall of Mata Hari. New York: Macmillan, 1978.
Wheeler, IJI&C 1.3, characterizes Eye of Dawn as a "portrait of the courtesan-dancer-reluctant spy by an empathetic writer of talent."
Ostrovsky, Victor. The Other Side of Deception: A Rogue Agent Exposes the Mossad's Secret Agenda. New York: HarperCollins, 1994. 1995. [pb]
According to Quandt, FA 73.4 (Jul.-Aug. 1994), this book "suffers from some of the same flaws" as By Way of Deception. "[T]here is almost no way of checking the truth of his assertions.... No doubt some of this book is true, but to sort out fact from deception is extremely difficult. A common thread ... is the author's high opinion of himself." Surveillant 4.1 notes that Ostrovsky "suggests that a rightwing faction of Israel's intelligence organization plotted to kill U.S. President George Bush at the 1991 Madrid peace conference." The book includes a number of other "eye-opening claims," including assassinations and biological experimentation on Palestinians and Soweto blacks.
Namebase sees this book as "more autobiographical" than By Way of Deception. The book follows "a rough chronology, diary-style, from 1986 to 1991, and includes much reconstructed dialogue." Ostrovsky says "the following deaths were all Mossad hits, and includes new details: British publisher Robert Maxwell, Canadian scientist Gerald Bull, German official Uwe Barschel, and Iran-contra figure Ian Spiro."
Ostrovsky, Victor, and Claire Hoy. By Way of Deception: The Making and Unmaking of a Mossad Officer. New York: St. Martin's, 1990. 1991. [pb] By Way of Deception: A Devastating Insider's Portrait of the Mossad. Toronto: Stoddart, 1990.
Surveillant 2.1 notes that this autobiography by an ex-Mossad case-officer is full of case histories. According to I&NS 8.4, this book "should not be overestimated." NameBase says that this is "the first book to offer some major dirty laundry" about Israeli intelligence. "Among other things, it charges that Mossad had advance knowledge of the 1983 truck bombing in Lebanon..., but refused to warn the American authorities for policy reasons."
To Winslow, The Nation, 22 Oct. 1990, Ostrovsky's book is "a saucy, chatty firsthand account of being trained by the Mossad and a largely secondhand account of the agency's involvement in events of worldwide renown, which includes some spectacular allegations." This review also includes some details on the tribulations (including court cases in Canada and the United States) that the publishers went through in getting the book onto the market.
The following excerpts are taken from a review posted by Charles Gillen to the alt.politics.org.cia Internet newsgroup: "I ... wish to recommend his book for several reasons. [Ostrovsky's] detailed description of his training is persuasive that no other intel service in the world provides its regular case officers with training as intense in the areas of street tradecraft, operational security, and cover. Any reader with the slightest personal experience of some other intelligence or security service is bound to be left feeling strictly amateurish. Perhaps more significantly, Ostrovsky is not shy about stating that such training turns out amoral, glib confidence men continually seeking to sink hooks into the next mark who turns up. He also acknowledges that as a case officer he himself experienced a certain undeniable 'high' from operating in alias to manipulate unsuspecting civilians. And of course this sort of deceptive manipulation went on inside the MOSSAD as well as outside. These factors do much to explain the problems which seem endemic to humint services."
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