L - Lae

Labaton, Stephen. "National Security Adviser Warns of Risk of Terrorism." New York Times, 20 Dec. 1999. [http://www.nytimes.com]

"With security being tightened after the arrest of an Algerian man who crossed the Canadian border into Washington with powerful bomb-making materials, President Clinton's national security adviser" warned Americans on 19 December 1999 "to be more vigilant over the next few weeks because of a 'heightened risk of terrorist actions.'"

[Terrorism/90s/99/Gen]

Labaton, Stephen. "New Rules Expand Ability of Police to Monitor Talk on Cell Phones." New York Times, 28 Aug. 1999. [http://www.nytimes.com]

On 27 August 1999, the federal government "announced new technical standards for cellular phones that will broadly expand the ability of law enforcement agents to monitor conversations and locate criminal suspects."

[FBI/99/S&S]

La Bella, Charles G. "Foreign Security Surveillance -- Balancing Executive Power and the Fourth Amendment." Fordham Law Review 45, no. 5 (Apr. 1977): 1179-1201.

[Overviews/Legal/FISA/Gen]

Labott, Elise. "Obama Authorized Covert Support for Syrian Rebels, Sources Say." CNN, 1 Aug. 2012. [http://www.cnn.com]

President Barack Obama has signed an intelligence "finding" that "allows for clandestine support by the CIA and other agencies" to the Syrian rebels battling President Bashar al-Assad's forces. When the president signed the authorization for Syria is unclear, "but the sources said it was within the past several months.... Exactly what type of support the finding authorizes is also unclear."

[CA/10s]

Labuschagne, Riaan. On South Africa’s Secret Service: An Undercover Agent’s Story. Alberton, South Africa: Galago Books, 2002.

According to Peake, Studies 50.1 (Mar. 2006), this book "tells the story of the organizational successor to BOSS, the National Intelligence Service (NIS), from the point of view of one of its professional counterintelligence officers." NIS engaged in "assassination, counterintelligence operations, and traditional forms of espionage." The author "gives many examples of each, although he was apparently confined to counterintelligence." The book "is not documented and is written with reconstructed conversations whose accuracy can only be judged by the few references to well-known events."

[OtherCountries/SAfrica]

Lacey, Edward J.

1. "Game Theory in Intelligence Analysis." American Intelligence Journal 6, no. 3 (Oct. 1984): 20-25.

2. "Intel Analysis in Academic Research." American Intelligence Journal 5, no. 1 (Feb. 1983): 12-13.

[Analysis/Gen]

Lacey, Marc. "Clinton Issues Pardons, Clearing Deutch and McDougal, but Not Milken or Hubbell." New York Times, 21 Jan. 2001. [http://www.nytimes.com]

On 20 January 2001, President "Bill Clinton issued pardons to 140 people, including John Deutch."

[CIA/DCIs/Deutch]

Lacey, Nicola. A Life of H.L.A. Hart: The Nightmare and the Noble Dream. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Erskine, Journal of Intelligence History 8.1 (Summer 2008), notes that most of this book covers Hart's "work as a barrister and academic, but part of chapter 5 deals with his wartime work in MI5 (British counter-intelligence)." His main task with MI5's B division (counter-espionage) "was to assimilate and interpret copious, but often very cryptic, ISOS (Sigint) on the Abwehr and Sicherheitsdienst (SD -- the intelligence service of the SS and Nazi Party), plus huge amounts of data from interrogations, the police and other sources." The author "is a law professor, not an intelligence historian, which leads to some detailed errors and omissions."

[UK/WWII/Services/MI5]

Lacharite, Gretchen. "FBI Agent Outlines Confession by Kasi." Washington Times, 7 Nov. 1997, C7.

[CIA/90s/97]

Lacharite, Gretchen. "Jury Recommends Death for Kasi in CIA Murders." Washington Times, 15 Nov. 1997, A1, A16.

[CIA/90s/97]

Lacharite, Gretchen. "Kansi's Defense Team Faces Daunting Task." Washington Times, 22 Jun. 1997, A1, A6.

[CIA/90s/97]

Lacharite, Gretchen. "Kasi's Friends, Family Urge Jury to Spare Life." Washington Times, 12 Nov. 1997, C3.

[CIA/90s/97]

Lacharite, Gretchen. "Survivers Tell of Carnage During Shootings at CIA." Washington Times, 6 Nov. 1997, C3.

[CIA/90s/97]

Lackey, Douglas. "Military Intelligence and the Universities: A Study of an Ambivalent Relationship." Ethics 96 (Oct. 1985): 223-224.

[CIA/Relations/Academia]

Lackman, Matti. "The Finnish Secret Police and Political Intelligence: Their Methods and Collaborators in the 1920s and 30s." Scandinavian Journal of History 12, no. 3 (1987): 199-219. [Calder]

[OtherCountries/Finland]

Lackman, William. "Future Direction for the United States Imagery System." American Intelligence Journal 14, no. 3 (Autum-Winter 1993-1994): 31-34.

At a time of constrained resources and high tension in the management of the U.S. space reconaissance program, a central figure tries to put the best face forward.

[Recon/Sats/Arts]

Lacoste, Pierre, ed. Le renseignement à la française. [Intelligence French Style] Paris: Economica, 1998.

Kahn, I&NS 23.2 (Apr. 2008), notes that Admiral Lacoste headed the DGSE from 1982 to 1985.

[France/Overviews]

Lacovara, Philip A. "Presidential Power to Gather Intelligence: The Tension Between Article II and Article IV." Law and Contemporary Problems 10, no. 3 (Summer 1976): 106-131. [Calder]

[Overviews/Legal/Gen]

Lacquement, Richard A. [COL/USA] "Integrating Civilian and Military Activities." Parameters 40, no. 1 (Spring 2010): 20-33. [http://www.carlisle.army.mil/USAWC/Parameters/Articles/2010spring/40-1-2010_lacquement.pdf]

"The historical problem for the United States is the propensity to focus on counterinsurgency as a form of war and therefore to try to place it in the notionally discrete organizational inbox of our military establishment. But this is a mistake. Although all wars are complex political conflicts that defy exclusive reliance on any one element of national power, in countering an insurgency, the perils of over-reliance on the military instrument are particularly pronounced."

[MI/SpecOps/Counterinsurgency]

Ladd, James. Commandos and Rangers of World War II. London: Macdonald and Jane's, 1978. London: David & Charles, 1989. [pb] New York: Sterling, 1989. Rockville, MD: Wildside Press, 1989.

From publisher: This book offers "insight into the methods and equipment of the Commando and Ranger units, including the special tactics and techniques which they developed to spearhead the Allied invasions. It includes personal and eye-witness accounts, which aid understanding of the campaigns and their aims and achievements."

[UK/WWII/Services/Army; WWII/U.S./Services/Army]

Ladd, James D. SAS Operations: More Than Daring. London: Hale, 1986. Rev. ed. 1997. 2007. [pb]

From publisher: "This book traces the variety of special operations from the first raids in the North African desert in World War II to the remarkable achievements in the Falklands' bleak terrain, the harsh deserts of Iraq, and the ethnic confusions of Bosnia."

[UK/WWII/Services/SAS]

Ladd, James. SBS -- The Invisible Raiders: The History of the Special Boat Squadron from World War Two to the Present. London: Arms and Armour, 1983. London: Fontana/Collins, 1984. [pb]

[UK/WWII/Services/SBS]

Ladd, James D., Keith Melton, and Peter Mason. Clandestine Warfare: Weapons and Equipment of the SOE and OSS. London: Blandford, 1988.

[UK/WWII/Services/SOE; WWII/OSS/Topics]

Ladwig, Walter C. "Managing Counterinsurgency: Lessons from Malaya." Military Review (May-Jun. 2007): 56-66.

"In the case of Malaya, maximum effectiveness was achieved when a single individual, Sir Gerald Templer, was empowered to coordinate all aspects of the counterinsurgency campaign. This model served the British well, and they replicated it in later counterinsurgency campaigns in Kenya and Cyprus."

[MI/SpecOps/Counterinsurgency; UK/Postwar/Malaya]

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