Kirkpatrick, Lyman B., Jr. Captains Without Eyes: Intelligence Failures in World War II. New York: Macmillan, 1969. London: Rupert Hart-Davis, 1969.
Clark comment: This book presents cases studies of Barbarossa, Pearl Harbor, Dieppe, Arnhem, and the Battle of the Bulge. According to Pforzheimer, much of this "is now more comprehensively presented by later declassified information." Similarly, Constantinides refers readers to more recent accounts of each of the failures Kirkpatrick discusses.
[Analysis/Warning; WWII/Eur/Bulge, Gen, & PearlHarbor]
Kirkpatrick, Lyman B., Jr. "Combat Intelligence: A Comparative Evaluation." Studies in Intelligence 5, no. 4 (Fall 1960): 45-51.
A report analyzing "G-2 operations at army, corps and division level throughout the 12th Army Group command" in the wake of World War II addressed "what methods of intelligence collection had proved most valuable in combat." The top five in order of importance were: Prisoners of war, air reconnaissance, Sigint, documents, and agents.
Kirkpatrick, Lyman B., Jr. "Intelligence and Counterintelligence." In Encyclopedia of American Foreign Policy: Studies of the Principal Movements and Ideas, ed. Alexander DeConde, vol. I, 417-427. 3 vols. New York: Scribner's, 1978.
Kirkpatrick, Lyman B., Jr. "Origins, Missions, and Structure of CIA." Studies in Intelligence 2, no. 1 (Winter 1958): 1-5.
A brief outline of the concept of a central intelligence organization from OSS to 1947.
Kirkpatrick, Lyman B., Jr. The Real CIA. New York: Macmillan, 1968.
Clark comment: Kirkpatrick describes his career in OSS and CIA. Among other positions, he served as the Agency's Inspector General and Executive Director- Comptroller (then the third ranking job in the CIA). He left the CIA in 1965 to teach political science at Brown University. Because of the senior positions he held, Kirkpatrick's account of events in the CIA's first 18 years are worth reading. Lyman Kirkpatrick died 27 February 1995. His obituary appears in the New York Times, 6 Mar. 1995, A16 (N).
In his comments on the book, Constantinides finds Kirkpatrick selective in what he chose to write about. He also identifies some dated material in the book, but notes that that there is much here of "historical value." Lowenthal finds Kirkpatrick's work to be a "useful and sometimes critical insider's memoir, with insights on several key events and developments through 1965."
Kirkpatrick, Lyman B., Jr. "Unrecognized Potential in the Military Attachés." Studies in Intelligence 4, no. 1 (Spring 1960): 1-6.
The author argues for less cross accreditation of attachés (the attaché in one country holding the same assignment in another) and wider placement in countries around the world. "It is important that the still untapped reservoirs of information needed by the Government which are available to military attachés be recognized and exploited." See also, Peter J. Dorondo, "Communications to the Editors: 'The Military Attachés,'" Studies in Intelligence 4, no. 3 (Summer 1960): 79-83, for additional information on the role and utility of the service attachés.
Kirkpatrick, Lyman B., Jr. The U.S. Intelligence Community: Foreign Policy and Domestic Activities. New York: Hill & Wang, 1973. 1975. [pb]
Clark comment: Kirkpatrick rose to be CIA Inspector General and Exective Director-Comptroller; and this work is useful for the period 1947-1965, when he was with the CIA. Even with its datedness, Pforzheimer calls the book "recommended reading for the period covered by an author in a unique position to comment."
Kirkpatrick, Lyman B., Jr., and Howland H. Sargeant. Soviet Political Warfare Techniques: Espionage and Propaganda in the 1970s. New York: National Strategy Information Center, 1972.
Constantinides points out that this work is actually two separate, brief essays, Kirkpatrick's on espionage and Sargeant's on Soviet overt propaganda. Kirkpatrick's presentation is a broad overview but does put the subject into "proper perspective." Sargeant discusses the role of propaganda as an offensive weapon.
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