David Johnston


Johnston, David. "F.B.I. Agent Charged as Spy Who Aided Russia for 15 Years." New York Times, 21 Feb. 2001. [http://www.nytimes.com]

Robert Philip Hanssen, a "senior F.B.I. agent who worked as a counterintelligence supervisor at the agency's headquarters," was charged on 20 February 2001 "as a spy who passed highly classified information to Russia for 15 years.... Hanssen, 56, was accused of turning over to Moscow a huge array of secrets, including the identities of three Russian agents ... recruited to spy for the United States. Two of the Russians were subsequently tried and executed; the third was imprisoned and later released. In return, F.B.I. officials said, the Russians paid Mr. Hanssen a total of $1.4 million."


Johnston, David. "F.B.I. Agent Ousted Over Her Handling Of a Spying Inquiry." 30 Jan. 2002. [http://www.nytimes.com]

According to "bureau officials," FBI Director Robert S. Mueller III has removed Sheila Horan from her position as acting head of the bureau's national security division "over her handling of an investigation into suspicions of Chinese espionage." Horan has been transferred "to an administrative support position" and is "expected to leave the bureau." FBI officials said Mueller "had lost patience with" Horan "for failing, in his view, to conduct a sufficiently aggressive inquiry" into "suspicions that China tried to recruit a spy against the United States."


Johnston, David. "F.B.I. Director Rejects Agency for Intelligence in United States." New York Times, 20 Dec. 2002, A16.


Johnston, David. "F.B.I. Counterterror Officials Lack Experience, Lawyer Says." New York Times, 20 Jun. 2005. [http://www.nytimes.com]

In a letter to three senators, Stephen M. Kohn, "[a] lawyer who interviewed a number of top current and former counterterrorism officials at the F.B.I. in connection with a lawsuit against the bureau," says that "the officials lacked a detailed understanding of terrorism and had been promoted to top jobs despite having had little experience in the field."


Johnston, David. "F.B.I. Is Proposing a Special Division for Hunting Spies." New York Times, 26 Jun. 1999. [http://www.nytimes.com]

FBI Director Louis J. Freeh "has proposed splitting the [FBI's] national security division into two divisions, one to fight terrorism and the other to root out spies, both led by assistant directors," officials said on 25 June 1999. The Attorney General "has approved the request and forwarded it to the White House."


Johnston, David. "F.B.I. Never Gave Lie Test to Agent Charged as Spy." New York Times, 22 Feb. 2001. [http://www.nytimes.com]

According to law enforcement officials on 21 February 2001, the FBI never polygraphed Robert Philip Hanssen "to determine whether he might be a security risk during the 15 years when, it is charged, he spied for the Soviet Union and then Russia." Hanssen "was not under suspicion until late last year, when American intelligence obtained what officials have said was the entire Russian case file on his activities as a secret agent."

On 21 February 2001, "William H. Webster, the former F.B.I. and C.I.A. director, said in an interview that he was assembling a team to assess the bureau's security procedures and methods for detecting penetrations by foreign agents. Mr. Webster said he would focus on the F.B.I.'s polygraph policy and other counterespionage methods."


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