Johnson

A - G

 

Johnson, A. Ross. "Lessons from Hungary '56." International Herald Tribune, 6 Nov. 2006. [http://www.iht.com]

On the 50th anniversary of the Hungarian revolution, "[m]any commentaries ... repeated allegations ... that Radio Free Europe helped provoke the revolution, appealed to insurgents to continue fighting against hopeless odds and promised Western military aid when none could be forthcoming.... Careful review of RFE's Hungarian broadcasts ... show[s] that no RFE broadcast prior to the outbreak of the anti-Communist rebellion on Oct. 23 urged violent confrontation with the authorities. No subsequent broadcast appealed to Hungarians to keep fighting the Soviet Army or promised Western military intervention.... [However,] Hungarian programming, once the uprising began, was marked by a highly emotional tone that ranged from vituperative attacks on Imre Nagy ... to impassioned admiration for the freedom fighters that identified RFE too closely with the revolution....

"Most of the broadcasting into Hungary 50 years ago was factual and professional.... But listening to these objective reports, the Hungarian audience heard widespread support for their cause, and could understandably but falsely conclude that Hungary would not be abandoned by the West. The Hungarian revolution demonstrated that under crisis conditions a broadcast audience can misinterpret even the most accurate, professional news reports of outside sympathy as unqualified backing for their cause, particularly if the broadcaster allows itself the luxury of passionate commentary."

[CA/Radio]

Johnson, A. Ross. Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty: The CIA Years and Beyond. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press, 2010.

Clark comment: My review of Johnson's work is published as "Taking It to the Communists" in International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 26.3 (Fall 2013): 624-630. I call the book "an incremental addition to the Cold War literature" that "provides considerable detailed documentation and perspective on Western Cold War radio broadcasting to the Soviet Union and the Bloc countries."

Peake, Studies 55.3 (Sep. 2011), notes that although the author is a former RFE Director, he "has not written a personal or anecdotal account." Instead, he "dwells on individuals and their formative ideas, the organizations they created, and the bureaucratic disputes that ensued.... This is a fine scholarly book. Superbly documented and easy to read."

[CA/Radio]

Johnson, A. Ross, and R. Eugene Parta, eds.

1. Cold War Broadcasting: Impact on the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Budapest: Central European University Press, 2010.

From publisher: "This book ... includes chapters by radio veterans and by scholars who have conducted research on the subject in once-secret Soviet bloc archives and in Western records. It also contains a selection of translated documents from once-secret Soviet and East European archives, most of them published here for the first time."

2. Cold War Broadcasting [e-Dossier]. Cold War International History Project. Wilson Center. At: http://wilsoncenter.org/publication/cold-war-broadcasting.

"This e-Dossier contains translations of documents from Central/East European and Soviet archives concerning Western broadcasting during the Cold War. The documents show that the Communist regimes perceived 'enemy' broadcasts as a serious threat to the systems they ruled and were prepared to take extensive countermeasures to limit the impact of the broadcasts.... All documents in this e-Dossier were originally published ...  in Cold War Broadcasting; Impact on the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe" (2010).

[CA/Radio]

Johnson, Boyd M., III. "Executive Order 12,333: The Permissibility of an American Assassination of a Foreign Leader." Cornell International Law Journal 25, no. 2 (Spring 1992): 401-436.

[Overviews/Legal/Assassination]

Johnson, Brian. The Secret War. New York: Methuen, 1978. London: BBC Publications, 1978.

According to Constantinides, this book is based on a BBC television series. This account of "scientific, technical, and cryptologic" aspects of World War II presents a "wider perspective" than R.V. Jones' The Wizard War. Sexton calls The Secret War a "detailed and richly illustrated history of the scientific side of World War II." Similarly, Nautical Brass Bibliography gives this "profusely illustrated" book a "highly recommended" notation.

[UK/WWII/Overviews; WWII/TechIntel]

Johnson, Carrie. "FBI to Probe Panels that Reviewed E-mails from Alleged Fort Hood Gunman." Washington Post, 9 Dec. 2009. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

The FBI announced on 8 December 2009 that William H. Webster, former FBI director and DCI, will conduct "an independent investigation into the policies and actions of two bureau task forces that reviewed e-mails from the alleged Fort Hood shooter [Army Maj. Nidal M. Hasan] in the months before the Nov. 5 massacre at the Army base." Webster "will have the authority to make recommendations about FBI guidelines for national security probes and possible changes to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act."

[FBI/00s/09]

Johnson, Carrie. "Imprisoned Spy, His Son Face Conspiracy Charges." Washington Post, 30 Jan. 2009, A2, [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

According to federal officials on 29 January 2009, convicted spy "Harold J. Nicholson enlisted his youngest son [Nathaniel] to travel the world and collect cash from Russian agents as a 'pension' for his past services." Both have pleaded not guilty to charge of "conspiracy, money laundering and acting as a foreign agent." See also, Eric Lichtblau, "U.S. Says Jailed C.I.A. Mole [sic] Kept Spying for Russia," New York Times, 30 Jan. 2009.

[SpyCases/U.S./Nicholson]

Johnson, Carrie. "Man, 84, Is Charged With Spying for Israel in 1980s." Washington Post, 23 Apr. 2008, A4. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

According to the criminal complaint filed by the FBI on 22 April 2008, Ben-Ami Kadish in the early 1980s passed classified documents from the U.S. Army's research arsenal in Dover, NJ, "to an unnamed Israeli official who had provided a list of what he wanted." Although unnamed in the criminal complaint, Kadish's Israeli handler "has been named in Israeli publications and by a former prosecutor as Yosef Yagur," who "worked as an adviser on science affairs at the Israeli Consulate in New York. Yagur left the United States in November 1985, shortly after Pollard was charged with espionage-related offenses, and has never returned."

[Israel/U.S.Rels/Kadish; SpyCases/U.S./Other]

Johnson, Chalmers. Dismantling the Empire: America's Last Best Hope. New York: Holt, 2010.

Peake, Studies 55.1 (Mar. 2011), notes that the author "criticizes the United States for being 'a foreign imperialist'" and attacks the CIA for "its putative ineptitude" in Iraq and Afghanistan. Johnson recommends "that the CIA be abolished and replaced" by State's INR. This work "lacks sources, offers no alternative solutions, and does not assess the practical impact of the recommendations."

[CIA/10s/Gen; GenPostCW/10s/Gen]

Johnson, Chalmers. An Instance of Treason: Ozaki Hotsumi and the Sorge Spy Ring. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1964. Expanded ed. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1990. [pb]

Surveillant 1.1 notes that the expanded edition of Johnson's 1964 book includes new information on this World War II Soviet spy ring. According to Boyd, I&NS 6.4, this edition includes much new evidence that has come to light since the original work. Johnson has produced "a scholarly, in-depth analysis of Ozaki, Sorge, and their place in the history of international espionage.... This is a remarkably sophisticated piece of scholarship."

[Russia/WWII/Sorge]

Johnson, Christopher. "CIA, Contras and Drugs: Questions Linger." Washington Post, 8 Nov. 1996. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

[CIA/90s/95-96/Crack]

Johnson, Clarence L. ("Kelly") "Development of the Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird." Studies in Intelligence 26, no. 2 (Summer 1982): 3-14.

[Recon/Planes]

Johnson, Clarence L. ("Kelly"), with Maggie Smith. Kelly: More Than My Share of It All. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1985. 1989. [pb]

In a 40-plus-year career, Kelly Johnson did much more than engineer the U-2, A-12, and SR-71, and those masterpieces are only a part of Johnson's recounting of his life.

[CIA/60s/A-12 & U-2; Recon/Planes]

Johnson, Danny. "The History of the 66th Military Intelligence Group." Military Intelligence 9, no. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1983): 44-45.

[MI/Army/Overviews]

Johnson, David Alan. Germany's Spies and Saboteurs. Osceola, WI: Motorbooks International, 1998.

From publisher: This work is a compilation of "cloak-and-dagger tales describing the actions of the Abwehr,... charged with the task of gathering information for the Nazi war effort while disrupting the Allied homeworlds." Witmer, historynet.com, 12 Aug. 2001, finds that this work "attempts to show that the Germans had more competence in the spy business than previously believed, but author David Alan Johnson generally does not prove his case."

[WWII/Eur/Ger]

Johnson-Freese, Joan, and Lance Gatling. "Security Implications of Japan's Information Gathering Satellite (IGS) System." Intelligence and National Security 19, no. 3 (Autumn 2004): 538-552.

The authors suggest that for Japanese policy makers the capabilities of the satellite system "appear ... to be a secondary concern to the initiation of an autonomous intelligence capability."

[Japan/00s]

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