Hor - Hos

 

Horan, James D. Confederate Agent: A Discovery in History. New York: Crown, 1954.

Thomas Henry Hines led Buckner's Guides, served with Morgan's Raiders, and organized intelligence and sabotage networks among the Copperheads, as the northern anti-war Democrats were called. He was captured in Ohio in July 1863 during Morgan's abortive raid, but escaped in November. In April 1864, he set up headquarters in Toronto, Canada, as the military commander of the Northwest Conspiracy.

[CivWar/Conf/CA]

Horan, James D.

1. The Pinkertons: The Detective Dynasty that Made History. New York: Crown, 1967.

2. and Howard Swiggett. The Pinkerton Story. New York: Putnam's, 1951.

This is a history of 100 years of the Pinkerton Agency, from its founding in Chicago in 1850, to the then-present. There is a chapter on the Baltimore Plot and one on Pinkerton's work with McClellan during the Civil War.

[CivWar/Un/Pinkerton][c]

Horesh, Joshua. An Iraqi Jew in the Mossad: Memoir of an Israeli Intelligence Officer. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 1997.

According to Kruh, Cryptologia 26.2, the author worked with British intelligence in World War II, served with the Jewish underground prior to independence, and joined Mossad after the establishment of Israel. The author tells "a memorable story of the struggles and triumphs not only of one man but also of the then new State of Israel."

[Israel/Overviews]

Horgan, Penelope S. Signals Intelligence Support to U.S. Military Commanders: Past and Present. Carlisle Barracks, PA: U.S. Army War College, 1991.

According to Sexton, the focus here is largely on World War II.

[MI/Overviews]

Hornblum, Allen M. The Invisible Harry Gold: The Man Who Gave the Soviets the Atom Bomb. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2010.

Clark comment: My review of this work appears as: "Not So Invisible to History," International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence 24, no. 2 (Summer 2011): 383-388. Click for the "author's version" of this review. Click for access to the printed version: http://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/atAbWPXA7k2pR8A4MZ9y/full.

Bykofsky, Philadelphia Daily News, 20 Sep. 2010, refers to this as a "richly researched book." For Goulden, Washington Times, 4 Oct. 2010, Hornblum's "book injects the needed human element into an oft-told story," and, thereby, generates some sympathy for Gold, especially in his later life, on the part of the reviewer. Peake, Studies 55.2 (Jun. 2011), finds this "a well-documented, convincing picture of Harry Gold as an anti-fascist who only wanted to help an American ally." Chambers, Intelligencer 18.3 (Summer-Fall 2011), notes that the book has "an excellent epilogue that catches readers up on other actors in the book."

[SpyCases/U.S./Bomb/Fuchs & Gen]

Horner, David. The Spy Catchers: The Official History of ASIO 1949-1963. Sydney: Allen & Unwin, 2014.

West, IJI&C 28.3 (Fall 2015), says "David Horner's authoritative account" of events surrounding the Petrov defection "is absolutely compelling and completely undermines the numerous other versions of the episode." Although this official history "is borderline hagiographic," the author "knows his craft and has produced a strongly recommended and hugely impressive account of ASIO's work."

[Australia/Gen & Petrov]

Horner, David. SAS -- Phantoms of the Jungle: A History of the Australian Special Air Service. Sydney: Allen & Unwin, 1991.

Horner, D.M. "Special Intelligence in the South-West Pacific Area in World War II." Australian Outlook: Journal of the Australian Institute of International Affairs 32 (Dec. 1978): 310-327. [Petersen]

[WWII/FEPac]

Horowitz, Irving Louis, ed. The Rise and Fall of Project Camelot: Studies in the Relationship Between Social Science and Practical Politics. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1967.

Horowitz, Richard. "A Framework for Understanding Intelligence." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 8, no. 4 (Winter 1995): 389-409.

The author finds that there are inherent problems "in the nature of trying to comprehend an opponent and foretell his actions." In addition, the "game theory model of 'prisoner's dilemma' illustrates how one's actions can be inexorably intertwined with another's, yet foreknowledge of the other's actions, though exceedingly important, is not necessarily helpful." The author concludes that intelligence is "a necessary element of decisionmaking," but is "limited by the realities of the human condition."

[WhatIsIntel?][c]

Horrall, S.W. "Canada's Security Service: A Brief History." RCMP Quarterly, Summer 1985, 39-49.

[Canada/Gen]

Horrock, Nicholas M.

1. "National Security Agency Reported Eavesdropping on Most Private Cables." New York Times, 8 Aug. 1975, 1.

L. Britt Snider, "Recollections from the Church Committee's Investigation of NSA," Studies in Intelligence (Winter 1999-2000), 50/fn. 5, suggests that the leak that was the basis for this story likely came from the staff of the Church Committee.

2. "Administration Will Resist Curbs on Overseas Spying." New York Times, 19 Oct. 1975, 29.

3. "Intelligence Report Leaks Denounced by White House." New York Times, 27 Jan. 1976, 1.

On leaks from Pike Committee report.

4. "Senate Intelligence Panel Calls for a Law to Curb Covert Action as Implement of Foreign Policy." New York Times, 27 Apr. 1976.

"The Senate Select Committee on Intelligence Activities, concluding its 15-month-long investigation, today urged Congress to adopt a new, omnibus law covering foreign and military intelligence gathering that would create charters for the major agencies and sharply limit the use of covert action as a tool of foreign policy."

[CIA/70s/Investigations]

Horten, Gerd. Radio Goes to War: The Cultural Politics of Propaganda during World War II. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2003.

The focus here is domestic propaganda, not that to the enemy.

[WWII/PsyWar]

Horton, Dick C. Fire Over the Islands: The Coast Watchers of the Solomans. London: Cooper, 1975. [Petersen]

[WWII/FEPac/AIB]

Horton, John. "Mexico, The Way of Iran?" International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 1, no. 2 (1986): 91-101.

[LA/Mexico][c]

Horton, John. "Reflections on Covert Action and Its Anxieties." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 4, no. 1 (Spring 1990): 77-90.

[CA/90s][c]

Horwitz, Sari, and Jerry Markon. "Holder Says CIA Prison Probe Winding Down." Washington Post, 2 Feb. 2012. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

In testimony before a House committee on 2 February 2012, Attorney General Eric H. Holder Jr. said that the "investigation into the deaths of two detainees in CIA custody ... 'has run its course. We are at a point where we are about to close those investigations.'... Prosecutors often use such terminology to describe investigations that are not expected to yield charges."

[CIA/10s/12]

Hosenball, Mark.

Hosmer, Stephen. Operations against Enemy Leaders. Santa Monica, CA: Rand, 2001.

Cohen, FA 81.3 (May-Jun. 2002), finds that this work "breaks little new ground, but it does document concisely and clearly the difficulty the United States has had in overthrowing or killing enemy leaders." The author "considers direct attacks, coups, rebellions, and invasion and comes to a gloomy conclusion: leadership attacks are difficult to pull off."

[Overviews/U.S./00s]

Hosmer, Stephen T. Why Milosevic Decided to Settle When He Did. Santa Monica, CA: Rand, 2001.

This work is discussed in Biddle, FA 81.3 (May-Jun. 2002).

[MI/Ops/90s/Kosovo]

Hosty, James P., Jr., with Thomas Hosty. Assignment: Oswald. New York: Arcade, 1996.

For Kaiser, I&NS 12.4, retired FBI agent Hosty's memoir "makes the strongest case ever made that the Cuban government was actually behind the assassination" on President Kennedy. The book is based on a mixture of Hosty's "memory, gossip, and documentary sources." The author believes that "Ruby shot Oswald for purely emotional reasons, and has no patience with attempts to link the assassination with organized crime."

[CIA/Accusations]

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